25 January 2020 09:28 PM

Military Cooperation

Monday، 11 December 2017 - 11:03 AM

Cairo has linked historical military relations with Moscow since the late President Gamal Abdel Nasser. The former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) had an important role to play in the re-building of the Egyptian Armed Forces in the aftermath of the 1967 setback. The Soviet military supplies helped through the War of Attrition and in achieving victory in 1973.

Military cooperation between the two countries continued non-stop over the past 30 years, particularly as 30% of Egypt's military equipment is Russian-made and still in-use.

Following the June 2013 Revolution, relations took a turn for the better; which indicates that Egyptian decision-makers have their country's interests at heart. Turning to Russia does not mean that Egypt a subordinate. Former Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmi explained that Egypt was not replacing the US with Russia but was extending bridges of cooperation with all countries.

The Egyptian-Russian military deals are numerous and the most important of these are supporting the Egyptian air defense capabilities through three main axes: First axis: Modernization of the short-range air defense system to the "Tor M2" system. This deal has been announced since 2012, the second axis: Modernization of the mid-range air defense system to the "Bock M2" system.

The third axis: Introduction of the long-range air defense system for the first time within the Egyptian air defense forces, where it announced on 26 August, 2015, that Egypt received the Russian "300-S" system, which also known as "Antai 2500.

In addition to the many deals that have been made between the two countries, the Defense Ministry published a video of the Russian marine "Molinya b32", which was given by Moscow to Egypt as a part of the military cooperation between the two countries.

The ship Molinya represented a powerful addition to the Egyptian navy for its high combat capabilities, as well as a rapid and long-range "sea-to-sea" missile platform, advanced technology in the military communications and modern defense systems.

On 9/9/2017, Egyptian paratroopers and Russian troops conducted joint military exercise "Defenders of Friendship 2". The anti-terrorist drills - codenamed "Defenders of Friendship 2" - included around 600 personnel and 100 pieces of military medium and heavy hardware.

During the exercise, paratroopers completed a special unit training program that covered a simulation to take over an airport from terrorists. Also, servicemen from both sides performed parachute jumps flying flags of Egypt and Russia to close the drills.

In October 2016, Egypt hosted the activities of the " Defenders of Friendship" for the first time. It is one of the important joint exercises for the parachute units, which represents a fertile environment for the exchange of different training experiences.

During the visit of the Russian Minister of Trade and Industry, Dennis Masarurov to Egypt on 2/2/2016, “Egyptian Leisure Company” inked a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with “Sukhoi Civil Russian Aviation company” and NAVARTA Co.

The MOU stipulates the supply of 10 civilian aircraft for internal transport uses to “Egyptian Leisure Company”, by April 2016, using leasing system. Sukhoi Co. provides maintenance of the planes for a year and a half, and provides the necessary training programs.

The second phase of the agreement is to supply 20 civilian aircraft, with the possibility of supplying another 20 aircraft after obtaining the necessary approvals for the conduct of direct flights between Egypt and Russia, in addition to attracting 1.5 million tourists per year to Egypt, starting from May 2016.

On 25/11/2015,  to strengthen the relations of cooperation and understanding between the Egyptian Navy and Russian Navy, the Russian warship "Admiral Vladimarska" visited “Adabia” port at Suez from 25 to 27 November 2015. This visit was to confirm the partnership and strategic military cooperation between the Egyptian and Russian Armed Forces and its vital role in supporting the pillars of security and stability at the regional and international level.

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