18 December 2017 02:45 PM

Economic Relations

Wednesday، 06 December 2017 - 12:00 AM

The Egyptian-Sudanese trade relations have witnessed remarkable growth

recently, especially in light of the membership of the two countries in the

Greater Arab Free Trade Area and the COMESA .

On 30/4/2015 Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahalb inaugurated the port of Qustal /Ashqit between Egypt and Sudan. The opening ceremony was attended by ministers of Planning, Industry, Local Development, Supply ,   International Cooperation, Fayza Abul-Naga, Adviser to the President of the Republic, Governor of Aswan, and a number of military leaders and the chairman of the General Assembly For the port, minister of Transport, and a number of state officials and public figures; and the Sudanese side included the first Vice President of Sudan, and minister of Roads and Bridges, and the governor of the northern state. The port is considered to be the most important Egyptian gateway to Africa, where it will contribute to a significant leap in trade and investment between Egypt on the one hand and Sudan and the African continent on the other hand through the development of exports and imports of goods and livestock. Two river ports were built on the east and west of Lake Nasser, and a 35 km long road was constructed, from the east of the lake to the port gate .

The trial operation of the port commenced on 27/8/2014. The total revenues of the port since its operation until 31/3/2015 amounted to LE 5.5 million .

The volume of exports through the port during this period reached about

$ 4,620 million, while the imports amounted to $ 8.180 million .

Trade Balance

The trade balance is in the range of half a billion dollars.  Egyptian exports

to Sudan include furniture, food commodities, plastics, petroleum products ,

medicines and copper products. Egyptian imports from Sudan include raw

cotton, sesame and oilseeds .

On 5/10/2016, the two presidents signed a comprehensive strategic

partnership document between Egypt and Sudan, and the two presidents

signed the final record in the first session of the joint high committee

between the two countries. Subsequently, the two presidents witnessed the

signing of a number of joint cooperation agreements between Egypt and

Sudan by the officials to enhance bilateral cooperation in many fields :

 

The signing of the minutes of the political and security affairs meetings of

the Egyptian-Sudanese High Joint Committee, which was signed by

Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri and Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim

Ghandour

The  Signing of a cooperation agreement in the field of higher education

and Scientific Research, signed by the Egyptian Minister of Higher

Education and Scientific Research Dr. Ashraf Al-Shehhi, and the Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour .

 The Signing of a memorandum of understanding in the field of agriculture and the minutes of meetings of the agriculture, water resources and irrigation sector.They were signed by Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Issam Fayed, and Minister of Agriculture and Forestry , Ibrahim Adam from the Sudanese side . The signing of the executive program for cooperation in the field of health for the years 2017 to 2019 and the meetings ‘minutes of the service sector . They were signed by Minister of Health and Population Dr. Ahmed Imad El - Din and Sudanese Minister of Communications and Information Technology Tahani Attieh ,.

The Signing of an executive program for cooperation in the field of sport and youth for the years 2017 to 2019.It was signed by the Minister of Youth and Sports Khaled Abdul Aziz and the Sudanese foreign minister, Ibrahim Ghandour

The  Signing of an executive program for cultural cooperation for the years 2017 to 2019 signed by the Egyptian Minister of Culture Dr. Hilmi Al - Namnam and Sudanese  Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour .

 The Signing of an executive program for cooperation in the field of tourism for the years 2017 to 2019, signed by Minister of Tourism Yahya Rashid , and the Sudanese  Minister of Communications and Information Technology Tahani Attieh .

The signing of the  Executive program for cooperation in the field of education for the years 2017 to 2019, signed by Dr. Minister of Education and Technical Education, and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour .

The signing of the executive program and memorandum of understanding in the field of trade and endorsing the minutes of meetings of the economic and financial sector between the two countries, signed by the Minister of Commerce and Industry, Tareq Qabeel and the Sudanese side by Ambassador Salah Said .

 

The signing of the minutes of the meetings of the transport sector between the two countries, signed by Minister of Transport Dr. Jalal al-Said and Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour .

The signing of the minutes of the political and security affairs meetings of the Egyptian-Sudanese High Joint Committee, which was signed by Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri and Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour .

The Signing of a cooperation agreement in the field of higher education and the minutes of meetings of the Higher Education and Scientific Research Sector, signed by Dr. Ashraf Al-Shehhi, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, from the Egyptian side and Ibrahim Ghandour from the Sudanese side .

The Signing of a memorandum of understanding in the field of agriculture and the minutes of the meetings of the agriculture, water resources and irrigation sector signed by Issam Fayed, Minister of Agriculture and Land

Reclamation, and the Sudanese side Dr. Ibrahim Adam Minister of Agriculture and Forestry .

- The signing of the executive program for cooperation in the field of health for the years 2017 to 2019 and the minutes of meetings of the service sector, signed by Dr. Ahmed Imad El-Din, Minister of Health and Population, and Dr. Tahani Attieh, Minister of Communications and Information Technology from the Sudanese side .

The signing of an executive program for cooperation in the field of sport and another program for cooperation in the field of youth for the years 2017 to 2019, signed by the Minister of Youth and Sports Khaled Abdul Aziz and Ibrahim Grandour from the Sudanese side .

- The signing of an executive program for cultural cooperation for the years 2017 to 2019 signed by the Egyptian side Dr. Hilmi Al-Noman, Minister of Culture and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour .

- The Signing of an executive program for cooperation in the field of tourism for the years 2017 to 2019, signed by Yahya Rashid, Minister of Tourism , and Dr. Tahani Attieh, Minister of Communications and Information Technology from the Sudanese side

-The signing of the Executive program for cooperation in the field of education for the years 2017 to 2019, signed by Minister of Education and Technical Education Dr. al Hilaly Al Sherbeeny, and Sudanese Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour .

-The signing of the Executive program and memorandum of understanding in the field of trade and the meetings’minutes of the economic and financial sector, signed by the Minister of Trade and Industry, Tareq Qabeel and the Sudanese Ambassador Salah Sa’eed .

 

-The Signing of the meetings’ minutes of the transport sector between the two countries, signed by Minister of Transport, Jalal al-Sa’eed and Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour .


  Egyptian-Sudanese economic and investment relations have seen great progress over the past few years as the two countries are members in the Greater Arab Free Trade Area and the COMESA.

By the end of 2013, the volume of trade exchange between the two countries reached about $ 839 million, compared to about $ 772 million in 2012. The Sudanese investments in Egypt reached about $ 97 million represented in 315 Sudanese companies.

The number of Egyptian projects in Sudan during the period from 2000 to 2013 is about 229 projects with a capital amounted to about $ 10.8 billion US.

The most important joint projects in transport and roads:

• The coastal road between Egypt and Sudan, 280 kilometers
• Qustul-Wadi Halfa road, 34 km inside the Egyptian border and 27 kilometers inside the border of Sudan
• Aswan- Wadi Halfa- Dongola road
• Developing and restructuring of the railway lines to facilitate the movement of goods and people
• Extending the electrical grid to the north of Sudan
• Developing the irrigation and drainage network in Sudan

The most important economic integration charters:

On October 12, 1982, the former heads of state, Hosni Mubarak and Jaafar Nimeiri, signed a charter for integration to consolidate bilateral relations especially in the economic and financial fields in order to establish a comprehensive economic unity.
On February 2, 1974, the two former heads of state, Anwar Sadat and Jaafar Nimeiri, signed a protocol of political and economic integration to legalize the bilateral relations.

The most important trade agreements:

• COMESA Agreement
• Agreement to facilitate and develop the trade exchange and its executive program for the establishment of the Greater Arab free trade zone
• Protocol for trade exchange between the two countries (March 1993)
• In November 2003, the two countries signed an agreement under which the Egyptian side imports frozen Sudanese meat
• Agreement to establish a free trade zone in "Juba"

Contractual framework

• Reciprocal exemption agreement with respect to taxes imposed on aviation facilities, July 26, 1961
• Air transport agreement March, 25, 1962
• Trade agreement, January 20, 1965
• Trade agreement, customs and transportation, January 30, 1965
• Agreement establishing regular shipping line between the High Dam and Halfa Valley, January 30, 1965
• Media agreement, November 19, 1967
• Agreement on the settlement of compensation owed to the nationals, June 1, 1966
• Protocol on the implementation of construction projects, August 31, 1969
• Agreement to achieve economic integration, August 31, 1969
• Protocol amending the Agreement of Trade and Payment, August 31, 1969
• Technical cooperation agreement, August 31, 1969
• Protocol to an agreement to integrate economic and technical cooperation, August 31, 1969
• Protocol on scientific and technical cooperation in the field of livestock, October 6, 1969
• A cultural cooperation agreement, November 15, 1969
• Protocol on scientific and technical cooperation in the field of agriculture, January 7, 1970
• Protocol on the implementation of construction projects, August 31, 1969
• Protocol amending the Agreement of Trade and Payment, August 31, 1969
• Technical cooperation agreement, August 31, 1969
• Protocol to an agreement to integrate economic and technical cooperation, August 31, 1969
• Protocol on scientific and technical cooperation in the field of livestock, October 6, 1969
• A cultural cooperation agreement, November 15, 1969
• Protocol on scientific and technical cooperation in the field of agriculture, January 7, 1970
• Agreement to strengthen cooperation in the Film industry, January 29, 1970
• Protocol amending trade agreement, February 17, 1972
• Tourist agreement, June 16, 1975
• Protocol for establishing the Egyptian-Sudanese company for irrigation projects and construction, July 15, 1975
• Convention on the establishment of an Egyptian-Sudanese joint navigation river (the Nile Valley), July 15, 1975
• Agreement for Social Security, September 21, 1975
• Protocol on Cooperation of Science, November 18, 1975
• Joint defense agreement, July 15, 1976
• Agreement Establishing the Sudanese-Egyptian Partnership for Mining, November 22, 1976
• Protocol to amend the trade agreement and payment in 1/30/1965, January 12, 1977
• Agreement establishing the Common Fund to finance the studies of technical and economic feasibility of industrial integration projects, May 28, 1977
• Agreement on navigation, May 28, 1977
• Agreement on the health and medical cooperation, May 28, 1977
• Agreement on allowing dual nationality, May 28, 1977
• Agreement Establishing the Sudanese-Egyptian Company for Investment, May 28, 1977
• Agreement on the Settlement of compensation due from the Egyptian interests, which were nationalized in the Republic of Sudan, November 13, 1977
• Protocol to amend certain provisions of the cooperation agreement, June 29, 1978
• Charter of the integration between Egypt and Sudan, October 12, 1982
• Agreement amending some provisions of the Convention on Social Security, October 25, 1984
• Trade protocol for 1991, January 14, 1991
• Cooperation Protocol healthy, June 15, 1998
• Protocol on cooperation in the field of transport, July 16, 1998
• Memorandum of Understanding on Industrial Cooperation, September 2, 2000
• Agreement on cooperation in the field of youth and sports, September 2, 2000
• Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of livestock September 2, 2000
• Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of Agriculture September 2, 2000
• Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the cultural field, September 2, 2000
• An executive program for cooperation in tourism 2002 - 2003 September 2, 2000
• Agreement to encourage and protect mutual investment, July 8 20 001
• Technical cooperation agreement in the field of oil, July 8, 2001
• Agreement establishing the joint supreme committee, July 8, 2001
• Executive program in the field of agricultural research, livestock, July 8, 2001
• Cooperation Protocol between the Ministries of Economy of the two countries, July 8, 2001
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of media cooperation, July 8, 2001
• Cooperation agreement in the industrial field between the two countries, July 8, 2001
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of Education, July 8, 2001
• Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in investment between the two countries, July 8, 2001
• Agreement on mutual administrative cooperation for the prevention of waste customs, search and control, July 8, 2001
• Quarantine agreement, July 8, 2001
• Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of electricity, July 8, 2001
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of Higher Education and Scientific Research, July 8, 2001
• An executive program for training in the fields of agriculture, livestock, July 8, 2001
• Maritime transport agreement, July 29, 2002
• Agreement in the field of land transport of passengers and goods, July 29, 2002
• Agreement to avoid double taxation and prevent tax evasion, July 29, 2002
• Agreement in the field of security, care and social development, July 29, 2002
• Agreement on the exchange of labor, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of Fisheries, July 29, 2002
• Executive program special health requirements of veterinary, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of wealth exports, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of workforce, July 29, 2002
• Executive program in the field of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of information, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of Understanding on insurance and reinsurance, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of housing, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of roads, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding for joint cooperation in the field of crisis management and emergency events and disasters, July 29, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of administrative development, August 5, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of technical cooperation for the protection of the environment, October 24, 2002
• Memorandum of understanding between the news agencies, July 20, 2003
• Memorandum of Understanding between the training bodies of river transport, July 20, 2003
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of railway between the Ministries of Transport of the two countries for 2004, July 20, 2003
• Executive Program of Action between the Ministries of Health, July 20, 2003
• Memorandum of understanding to establish a Committee on Industrial Cooperation, July 20, 2003
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of youth and sport for two years 2002 – 2004, July 20, 2003
• Executive program in the field of Education, July 20, 2003
• Executive program on the return of the Egyptian educational mission for Sudan, July 20, 2003
• Protocol of technical cooperation in the field of electricity between the Ministries of Electricity, July 20, 2003
• Memorandum of understanding on cooperation in the areas of housing and public facilities, July 20, 2003
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of media cooperation, July 19, 2003
• Memorandum of understanding on the veterinary health requirements for the export of meat from Sudan to Egypt, August 2, 2003
• Agreement freedom of movement and residence, work and own property, April 4, 2004
• Agreement on cooperation in the field of endowments, November 13, 2004
• Cooperation agreement between the Egyptian Dar Al-Fatwa and the Ministry of Guidance and Endowment of Sudan, November 13, 2005
• Memorandum of understanding between the Ministries of International Cooperation of the two countries, November 13, 2005
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of health insurance, November 13, 2005
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of Telecommunications, November 13, 2005
• Memorandum of understanding in the field of customs, November 13, 2005
• An executive program for tourism cooperation agreement for the years 2006 – 2008, November 13, 2005
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of population for the years 2006 – 2008, November 13, 2005
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of youth and sport for the years 2006 – 2007, November 13, 2005
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of higher education and scientific research for the years 2006 – 2007, November 13, 2005
• Extension of the Executive Program for Technical Cooperation between the Ministries of Manpower, November 13, 2005
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of body protection for the years 2007 – 2009, April 19, 2007
• An executive program for cooperation in the field of training between the secretariats of the Council of Ministers of the two countries, April 19, 2007
• Memorandum of Understanding on Technical Cooperation between the General Authority for Mineral Resources in Egypt and the General Authority for Geological Research in the Sudan, April 19, 2007
• An executive program for scientific and technological cooperation, April 19, 2007
• Executive Program in the field of education, April 19, 2007
• Executive program of the Convention on Cooperation in the field of Welfare and Social Development for the years 2006 – 2007, April 19, 2007
• Executive program for cooperation in the field of administrative development for the years 2007 – 2008, April 19, 2007
• Memorandum of understanding for cooperation in the field of harbors, April 19, 2007
• Executive work program between the Ministries of Health of the two countries, April 19, 2007
• An executive program for cultural cooperation for the years 2007 – 2009, April 19, 2007

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