Gamal Abdel Nasser 1918-1970
Tuesday، 09 February 2016 - 12:00 AM
The Second President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in Alexandria on 15 Januray 1918 to a family that came from Assiut Govornorate. He was brought up and educated in Alexandria and Cairo.
He graduated from the Military Academy in 1938 and was appointed as an officer in Infantry in Assiut.
He worked in Sudan then he was appointed as an instructor in the Military Academy. He joined the General Staff Academy where he was appointed as an instructor.
Participated in 1948 Palestine War and was besieged with his troop in Al Falouga.
He organized the Free Officers Movement.
He became Prime Minister in 1954 and signed with Britain the evacuation of British forces agreement from the Canal base in 1954. He played a key role in Bandung Conference in 1955 in which the non-alignment movement was launched.
In 1956, a referendum was conducted on the new constitution and on electing Gamal Abdel Nasser president of the Republic.
He nationalized the Suez Canal on July 26, 1956 which led to the tripartite aggression against Egypt. He inaugurated the first People's Assembly on July 22, 1957.
He became the President of the United Arab Republic which was established between Egypt and Syria in February 1958 and continued until September 1961. He issued the Agrarian Reform Law to eliminate feudalism.
He issued a wide range of resolutions in July 1961 among which were limiting agricultural land ownership to 100 feddans per family; nationalizing the major institutions; and granting the workers and the peasants several rights.
He supported national liberation movements in Arab and African countries particularly the Algerian and Yemeni revolutions. After the 1967 setback, Nasser gave priority to re-establishing the Armed Forces; most prominently the establishment of air defense missile network.
He composed a book entitled “Philosophy of the Revolution”.
He initiated the National Union in May 1957, and the Socialist Union in 1962. He supported the national liberation movements in Africa and the Arab countries. He wrote a book titled The Revolution's Philosophy.
He died on September 28, 1970.