Egypt’s foreign policy towards Arab crises
Sunday، 09 December 2018 - 12:26 PM
Egypt, with its strength, prestige, geographical location and historical role, plays an active role to end the Arab region crises and restore its stability.
Egypt's foreign policy towards the crises in the Arab region is based on several pillars: First of all is preserving Egyptian national security as these files represent a threat to the security and stability of Egypt in addition to Egypt's historical commitment to the Arab countries.
On the international level, Egypt is keen to participate in international efforts to end crises by attending international meetings and conferences to resolve these crises and taking a formal stance in support of the United Nations efforts on reconciliation, dialogue and settlement.
Egypt follows a strategic policy based on helping the Arab countries to overcome their crises in order to achieve security and stability in the region and to reflect this on the Egyptian national security, with emphasis on the principle of peaceful settlement of disputes. This principle applies to major issues such as the Palestinian cause as the Egyptian diplomacy has made a successful effort to put the Palestinian reconciliation into practice.
There is no doubt that the Arab region is more vulnerable to the danger of the disintegration of the national countries and the subsequent creation of a fertile environment for terrorism and the exacerbation of sectarian conflicts. The preservation of the state's strength and reform is a fundamental priority of Egypt's foreign policy in the Arab region. In Egypt’s vision, there is no way out of the crisis in Syria and Yemen except by restoring the national state, preserving its sovereignty and the integrity of its institutions and achieving the legitimate aspirations of its citizens. Egypt is at the forefront of supporting the political solution led by the United Nations in these two brotherly countries and rejects any exploitation of crises in Syria and Yemen as a means of achieving regional ambitions and interventions or as an incubator for terrorism, extremism and sectarianism.
In Syria, when the crisis took the direction of appeasement, Egypt played the role of mediation among the international parties, the Syrian army and the opposition factions, except Al-Nusra Front and Al-Rahman Legion as Egypt excluded the factions classified as extremist terrorist organizations. A number of constants governs the Egyptian-Syrian relations; the most important one is the absolute support for solving the crisis peacefully and politically.
Egypt’s policy towards the Yemeni crisis has been stable since the outbreak of the conflict. Egypt supports the legitimate institutions and symbols of the state in Yemen and stresses the necessity for the parties in Yemen to abide by the political solution based on the Gulf initiative and its mechanisms and relevant Security Council resolutions. Egypt also supports military operations and participates in striking strongholds of Houthis in Yemen “Decisive Storm", considering that the security of the Arab Gulf is part and parcel of the Egyptian national security as well as to secure Egyptian interests in the Strait of Bab al-Mandab.
The same principle applies to Egypt's policy towards Libya, in which Egypt plays a central role in supporting the rebuilding of the state, particularly with regard to the unification of the military institution to provide a structure capable of defending Libya and confronting the dangers of terrorism. Egypt is working on several levels towards the Libyan crisis, the first of which concerns the security situation by securing the border areas and monitoring the activities of the terrorist organizations, so as to maintain the security of the border strip.
Egypt is also working to prevent Libya from becoming a new focus to attract terrorists and extremists in the region, especially in light of the losses of Daesh in Iraq and Syria and the loss of vast areas that were geographically controlled. This was one of the main reasons for Egypt's support for Hafater successor and the Libyan National Army since the beginning of the Operation Dignity in 2014. Egypt stood firmly along with the Libyan National Army in its efforts to unify the Libyan entity.