25 February 2024 06:31 PM

Bilateral Relations

Egypt and Norway

Wednesday، 14 December 2022 - 11:12 PM

Its traditional name is Noeger, but officially known as the Kingdom of Norway, as it is called North Fijia and Nordweig, Norway is administratively divided into five strategic regions divided into nineteen counties.

Location

Norway is located on the northern side of the continent of Europe, bordered to the east by Russia, Sweden, and Finland, to the north and to the west and south by Skagerrak, the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea, and the Barents Sea .

Capital

Oslo

Area

Approx. 385.178km²

Official Currency

Norwegian Krone

Official Language

Norwegian is the official language of the country, in addition to many recognized local languages, such as: Lulwa Sami, Kvin, Northern Sami, and Southern Sami, and Norwegians learn English compulsorily in schools, and French and German optionally.

Political relations

The Egyptian-Norwegian political relations are stable and distinct, which is reflected in the direct consultation between officials in the two countries, especially on the Middle East issue, in light of the pivotal role played by Egypt in these issues, and within the framework of Norway's chairmanship of the Temporary International Aid Committee for Palestinians (AHLC).  The Norwegian government is exerting a lot of efforts to alleviate the suffering of the Palestinian people, through various aid programs, supported by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry in cooperation with Egypt.

During the past years, the Egyptian-Norwegian relations have witnessed continuous development in various political, economic and development fields, and Norway's keenness to resolve pivotal issues in the Middle East, especially the Palestinian issue, has played a role in consolidating political relations with Egypt as the most influential country in the Arab region, which always seeks to reach political solutions to the various crises experienced by its turbulent regional environment, which contributes to the return of stability and security to its countries. Relations between the two countries have become more closely established during Israel's recent war on Gaza, and the two countries are keen to hold direct consultations between officials.

 The most prominent facts of relations between Cairo and Oslo

 - On 14/8/2022, the Norwegian Embassy in Cairo expressed its condolences for the victims of the fire accident that occurred in Abu Seifin Church in Giza Governorate, and the Norwegian Embassy said in a post on its Twitter account - "The Embassy of Norway in Cairo expresses its sincere condolences to all Egyptians in mourning for the tragic fire in Abu Seifin Church and wishes a speedy recovery to all those injured

-On 31/3/2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry and his Norwegian counterpart, "Aneken Heitfeld", stressed the depth of cooperation relations between the two countries in various political and economic fields, during the press conference at the end of their talks, and Shoukry explained that Norway pursues a balanced policy that seeks to achieve stability and sustainable security at the regional and international levels.

On 11/2/2022  President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi  met with Norwegian Prime Minister, the meeting touched on ways to enhance trilateral cooperation between Egypt and Norway in Africa, in light of the interest of both sides to support development in the continent, in addition to discussing the possibility of localizing Norwegian investments in Egypt, given its favorable climate for investment and it being an export gateway to Africa, they also discussed cooperation between the two sides to secure and facilitate international navigation, especially that the Suez Canal is one of the most vital corridors for international trade. The long-standing experience and various investments of Norway were stressed in this regard. During the meeting, they examined the possibility of establishing a mechanism for international cooperation to reduce marine pollution in light of the leading role of the two countries in this regard.

- On 24/1/2022, D. Endre Stiansen, the Norwegian envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt, received by Ambassador Hani Salah, Assistant Foreign Minister and Director of the Sudan and South Sudan Department, they reviewed the developments in Sudan while stressing Egypt's position in support of the ongoing UN action seeking to activate a dialogue between the various Sudanese parties. They also discussed the situation in South Sudan, stressing Egypt's full support for the implementation of all the requirements of the revitalized peace agreement to establish stability in South Sudan.  The Norwegian envoy also met with Ambassador Ihab Badawi, Assistant Foreign Minister for Multilateral International Relations and International Security, where the meeting dealt with the current Norwegian presidency of the Security Council, and it was also agreed to continue coordination and consultation on regional and international issues of common interest, and the Norwegian envoy also met with Ambassador Suha Judi, Assistant Foreign Minister and Director of the Organizations Department.  and African gatherings, where the role of the African Union regarding the current situation in Sudan was discussed. The Norwegian envoy also met with Ambassador Mohamed Khalil, Secretary-General of the Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development, where they reviewed the Agency's activities in the African continent and discussed the possibility of tripartite cooperation between Egypt and Norway on the one hand with Sudan and South Sudan on the other.

-On 6/9/2021 Egypt’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry received, on Monday, a phone call from his Norwegian counterpart, Ene Eriksen Soreide, in which they discussed ways to advance and develop cooperation in many fields, as well as the latest developments on the regional and international arenas. Ahmed Hafez, the spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

-On 6/9/2021 Egypt’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry received, on Monday, a phone call from his Norwegian counterpart, Ene Eriksen Soreide, in which they discussed ways to advance and develop cooperation in many fields, as well as the latest developments on the regional and international arenas, that the contact included discussions on ways to continue advancing bilateral relations between the two countries, especially in the field of Norwegian investments and participation in national projects in Egypt. They also agreed to continue consultations in order to continue coordination between the two sides regarding bilateral files and issues of common interest. The contact also touched on recent developments in the region, especially at the level of the Palestinian issue, where the Norwegian Minister invited Minister Shoukry to participate in the meeting of the Liaison Committee on Coordination of International Aid to the Palestinian People (AHLC),the Committee is scheduled to be held in New York on the sidelines of the upcoming meetings of the United Nations General Assembly, in support of the Palestinian people and within the framework of efforts to provide aid and development support to all parts of the Palestinian territories, especially with the important role that Norway plays in the framework of the work of the AHLC.

- On 6/7/2021, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with permanent representatives and representatives of a number of non-permanent member states of the Security Council (Estonia, Ireland, Mexico, Norway) as part of the continuous efforts to present the Egyptian position in preparation for the Security Council session on  the Renaissance Dam.

- On 3/2/2021, the Embassy of Egypt in Oslo held a virtual seminar on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam file, with the participation of a group of experts and specialists to explain Egypt's endeavors to reach a fair and balanced agreement that achieves the interests of the three countries and peoples, and to clarify the negative effects and damages resulting from filling and operating the Renaissance Dam unilaterally on the two downstream countries .

- On 18/5/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry received a phone call from Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Norway, where the two ministers discussed the overall regional situation of common concern, especially the developments of the Palestinian cause in light of the importance of achieving a comprehensive and just solution by supporting all efforts aimed at restoring the momentum of the political process, and confronting any unilateral measures that undermine the chances of reaching the desired peaceful settlement within the framework of the two-state solution.

- On 15/2/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with Ine Eriksen Søreid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, on the sidelines of his participation in the 56th Munich Security Conference in Germany. At the beginning of the meeting, Shoukry stressed Egypt's keenness to strengthen and develop bilateral cooperation with Norway in various fields, reviewing the economic reforms implemented by the Egyptian government, noting the importance of increasing the value of trade exchange and joint investments. The meeting witnessed the exchange of visions and views on various regional issues and files of interest to the two countries, including This is the latest developments in the Palestinian cause, as well as developments in Libya .

-On 23/9/2019 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met in New York with Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of Norway, President El-Sisi expressed his appreciation for the friendly relations between the two countries and the development witnessed in these relations during the recent period, stressing his aspiration to strengthen bilateral cooperation with Norway in various fields as well as coordination and consultation on issues and files of common interest, for her part, the Norwegian Prime Minister affirmed her country's keenness to strengthen relations with Egypt, pointing to Egypt’s pivotal role in maintaining stability in the Middle East. She expressed her aspiration to intensify and strengthen bilateral cooperation frameworks between the two countries in light of bilateral distinguished relations, the meeting discussed ways of boosting relations between the two countries in areas of common interest, especially trade exchange and tourism, in addition to energy of all kinds, fisheries, shipping and logistics, especially in the Suez Canal Axis. This is in addition to benefiting from Norwegian expertise in the field of energy in light of the promising discoveries of Egypt in the field of gas, and discussing ways to strengthen bilateral cooperation between Egypt and Norway in Africa in light of the mutual interests for supporting development in the continent, the meeting also discussed the latest developments on a number of regional issues of common concern. The Norwegian Prime Minister noted her country's keenness to strengthen cooperation with Egypt to maintain regional peace and security in the Middle East and Africa. In this context, she expressed her appreciation for Egypt’s efforts to reach political solutions to the various crises experienced by its turbulent regional environment to contribute to restoring stability and security to its countries.

-  On 12/3/2019, Ine Eriksen Søreid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, visited Egypt, and was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs. The two sides discussed ways to develop bilateral relations between the two countries at all levels, as well as consultations on the most important regional and international issues of common interest, foremost of which is the Palestinian cause. They also discussed intensifying cooperation relations between the two countries in all areas of common interest, foremost of which are the fields of capacity building, vocational training, new and renewable energy, shipbuilding and shipping, insurance, and services.  The two sides agreed on the importance of increasing Norwegian investments in the Egyptian market, as well as upgrading the level of trade exchange, to reflect the huge opportunities for cooperation between business institutions in the two countries.

-On 24/9/2018 Sisi met the Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg. The meeting discussed ways to boost relations between the two countries in fields of mutual interest, especially energy with all its forms, fisheries, shipping and logistics, especially in the Suez Canal axis. As well, they discussed ways of benefiting from Norwegian expertise in the field of petroleum energy and means to enhance the bilateral cooperation between Egypt and Norway in Africa, in the light of their joint concern to support development in the African Continent. The meeting also witnessed an exchange of viewpoints on the latest developments of the Palestinian cause .

- On 26/11/2016, Borge Brende, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, visited Egypt and was received by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi. The two sides discussed a number of regional issues in light of the crises in some countries in the region, as well as the developments of the Syrian crisis, the situation in Libya, the peace process, as well as Egypt's efforts to combat terrorism and extremism.

- On 21/1/2016, Jens Peter Kjnbrød, Norwegian Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt to discuss and consult on the situation in Sudan and South Sudan, given that Norway is one of the Troika countries, which observed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. He was received by Ambassador Osama Majdoub, Assistant Foreign Minister for Neighboring Countries. The meeting dealt with emphasizing the negative effects of the sanctions imposed on Sudan, both on the deteriorating economic situation, which Sudan has reached with the arrival of public debt to 50 billion dollars, as well as its impact on Sudanese society .

On 14/3/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Norwegian  Foreign Minister Borge Brende, and the meeting discussed ways to strengthen bilateral relations between the two countries, which are witnessing development in light of the recent increase in Norwegian investments in Egypt. A number of regional issues were also reviewed, in particular the situation in Libya, the Middle East issue and international efforts to combat terrorism.

On 6/2/2015, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri, currently visiting Oslo, met with Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg. Shoukri conveyed President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi's greetings and Egypt's interest to promote cooperation with Norway. He also reviewed the political march in Egypt, economic reform steps, preparations for the upcoming economic conference and terror combat efforts .

On 8/1/2015, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri met with his Norwegian counterpart Borge Brende where they discussed ways of boosting bilateral cooperation in the various fields. The two ministers also discussed a number of regional issues, mainly the Palestinian cause .

- On 23/9/2014, Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, where the meeting dealt with the arrangements for the Gaza Reconstruction Conference, which will be held in Cairo on October 12, 2014, jointly organized by Egypt and Norway, to alleviate the suffering of the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and rebuild what was destroyed by the recent war on the Strip .

- On 9/ 9/2014, Björg Brende, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, visited Egypt, and was received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, the meeting was attended by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Tor Finnesland, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Norway in Cairo, and Mr. John Hansen Boyer, Norwegian Special Envoy for the Middle East. The Norwegian minister praised Egypt's tireless efforts to reach a ceasefire and establish a truce in Gaza, noting that it was not possible to reach that truce without the role Egyptian

- On 7/12/2013, Nabil Fahmy, Minister of Foreign Affairs, met on the sidelines of the "Manama Dialogue" forum with Borg Brende, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, Fahmy presented in detail during the meeting the internal developments in Egypt, and the achievements made during the recent period, regarding the implementation of the future map, and the completion of the Committee of Fifty of the preparation of the draft constitution, and its delivery to the President of the Republic, in preparation for putting the draft in a general referendum. During the meeting, Fahmy noted the recent acts of violence and terrorism in Egypt, which aim to obstruct the implementation of the future map, stressing the importance of Western countries condemning these acts and calling for their cessation. He discussed with William Hague a number of important regional issues, foremost of which are the Palestinian issue, the Syrian crisis, preparations for the Geneva 2 conference, as well as the situation in Libya, the Iranian nuclear file, and the security of the Arab Gulf region.

On 29/2/2012, Foreign Minister Mohamed Amr received Norwegian Foreign Minister Jonas Jar Stor, who is visiting Egypt as part of his tour in the region. The tour also includes Palestine, Morocco and Tunisia, as well as Israel. Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Amr Rochdy stated that the meeting reviewed a large number of bilateral and regional issues. The Norwegian minister pointed out that he is visiting Egypt mainly to see its vision of the situation in the Arab region, which is rife with many events and changes in Currently. The Foreign Minister addressed Egypt's efforts to resolve the Syrian crisis peacefully and stop the bloodshed of the brotherly Syrian people, including its participation from the first moment in all Arab initiatives and meetings seeking to resolve the crisis peacefully in a way that prevents bloodshed and preserves Syria's unity and territorial integrity. The Norwegian minister commented on his country's support for the Arab initiative to deal with the Syrian file, which Norway sees as the best way to resolve the crisis. Mohammed Amr also addressed the Palestinian file, where he stressed the responsibility of Israeli settlement practices for the deadlock in the peace process, pointing out that these practices created a state of absurdity represented in making the negotiation process an end in itself, rather than a means to reach a lasting and just peace. Rochdy said that the two ministers' talks also dealt with the situation in Libya and Egypt's efforts to assist in reconstruction in accordance with the priorities set by the Libyan brothers for themselves, as well as Egypt's efforts to support both Sudan and South Sudan and help the two parties to solve the outstanding problems between the two countries.

Economic relations

Economic relations between Egypt and Norway began to take a better path after the signing of the free trade agreement between Egypt and the Afta countries "Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein" in 2007, within the framework of Egypt's keenness to strengthen trade cooperation with the countries of the northern European region.

The value of Egyptian exports to Norway during 2021 increased to $ 17.4 million compared to $ 13.9 million during 2020, an increase of 25.6%.

The value of Egyptian imports from Norway reached $ 312.7 million during 2021 compared to $ 356.5 million during 2020, a decrease of 12.3%.

Trade exchange between Egypt and Norway recorded $ 330.1 million during 2021 compared to $ 370.4 million during 2020, a decrease of 10.9%.

The value of Norwegian investments in Egypt reached $ 15.1 million during the fiscal year 2020-2021 compared to $ 11.6 million during the fiscal year 2019-2020, an increase of 30.3%.

The value of remittances of Egyptians working in Norway recorded $ 10.4 million during the fiscal year 2020-2021 compared to $ 9.4 million during the fiscal year 2019-2020, an increase of 10.8%. The value of remittances of Norwegians working in Egypt reached $ 651,000 during the fiscal year 2020-2021 compared to $ 1.2 million during the fiscal year 2019-2020, a decrease of 47.5%.

The volume of Egyptian exports of vegetables to Norway amounted to about $ 1.5 million. While the exports of the textiles and cotton clothing sector recorded about $ 1.1 million.

The most important areas of cooperation with the Norwegian side include the sectors of oil, energy and gas, maritime transport, shipping and shipbuilding, as well as fisheries and fish farming.

The most important Egyptian exports to Norway include fruits, such as: grapes, dates, figs, citrus, in addition to: vegetables, clothes, carpets, and there is an opportunity to export some other Egyptian products, such as: roses and flowers, furniture, clothes, shoes, chemicals, ceramics, in addition to handicrafts.

Stations of economic relations between the two countries

-On20/9/2022 Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with Norway's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Anniken Huitfeldt, and the Maltese Minister of Foreign and European Affairs and Trade, Ian Borg, on Monday, at the sidelines of the 77th United Nations General Assembly in New York. The meeting with the Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs focused on bilateral relations, said the Egyptian Foreign Ministry in a statement, Shoukry welcomed the current momentum in Norwegian companies’ investments in Egypt, in the fields of clean energy, green hydrogen production and chemical industries, Shoukry also expressed that his country is looking forward to expanding these investments to include promising sectors such as food industries, agriculture, natural gas liquefaction, marine shipping, and others, the statement continued, the Meeting also tackled the tripartite cooperation between the Egyptian Sovereign Fund and the Norwegian Sovereign Fund and African countries to implement development projects in Africa.

-On 14/4/2022 Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation El Sayed el-Quseir discussed with CEO of Norway’s EAT Foundation Gunhild Stordalen enhancing the flexibility of the agricultural sector, supporting innovation of adaptation systems to face climate change and establishing more sustainable agricultural systems, The meeting is held as part of Egypt’s preparations to preside over the UN Climate Change Conference UNCCC 2022 COP 27, set for Sharm el-Sheikh in November. The minister reviewed problems caused by climate change including growth of desertification rates and water consumption among others that affect food security. He affirmed the importance of rallying the international community’s efforts to address climate change crisis, greatly affecting the developing and African countries. Meanwhile, Stordalen said she agrees with the agriculture minister in his views including supporting the developing and African countries’ approach to adapt to climate change and establish a climate financing platform. The two sides agreed to prepare a memorandum of understanding to support the emerging farmers initiative and projects being implemented by the Egyptian agriculture ministry to back small farmers in rural areas.

-On 24/11/2021 Lieutenant-General Osama Rabie, head of the Suez Canal Authority, received Hilda Klimtsdale, the Norwegian ambassador in Cairo, to activate means of joint cooperation and to learn about the developments of development projects in the Suez Canal, at the Al-Irshad building in Ismailia Governorate. At the outset of the meeting, Lieutenant-General Osama Rabie welcomed the Norwegian Ambassador on her first visit to the Suez Canal Authority, expressing his appreciation for the partnership and friendship relations that unite Egypt and Norway at all levels, wishing to complete the existing cooperation with the Authority so that the Suez Canal and its development projects would remain one of the pillars of the joint relations between the two countries,  Rabie affirmed the authority's keenness to provide all the facilities necessary for the success of the giant project that brings together one of the companies affiliated with the Suez Canal Authority with the Norwegian company STERNER to establish a complex of factories for fish farming with modern technology, high quality and productivity using the closed units system (RAS). Read also Suez Canal Economic Authority offers opportunities Investing on the Bahrain Businessmen Association The head of the authority pointed out the great importance of this project to the Egyptian state in light of the political leadership's interest in achieving food security from fish and transferring expertise and advanced technology related to fish farming to the Egyptian market. Lieutenant-General Rabie explained that the joint working committee of the Suez Canal Authority and STERNER Company had made a great stride in the good preparation of this project.

On 2/4/2018, Mohamed Youssef, Executive Director of the Businessmen Association, announced that the Association organized a round table to support Egyptian-Norwegian economic relations, in the presence of the Norwegian Ambassador in Cairo, "Steen Rosnes" and the economic adviser at the embassy, and "Youssef" added  that Norway has the largest sovereign oil fund in the world, which now has a market value of more than one trillion dollars with investments all over the world, noting that the fund has invested in 41 Egyptian companies during 2017 with a total amount of 3 billion kronor.   He added that the most important areas of cooperation with the Norwegian side include oil, energy and gas, maritime transport, shipping and shipbuilding, as well as fisheries and fish farming, pointing out that Norway is one of the EFTA countries, which is a free trade agreement with Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein.

On 28/1/2009, the Egyptian Minister of International Cooperation, Faiza Aboul Naga, discussed in Cairo with the Norwegian Ambassador Thomas Hauf the relations of economic and trade cooperation between the two countries.

electricity and Renewable energy

-On 10/9/2022 Today, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi meet with the CEO of Scatec, Terje Pilskog, in the presence of Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy Dr. Mohammed Shaker, Norway's Ambassador to Egypt Hilde Klemetsdal and the regional General Manager for the Middle East and North Africa at Scatec Mohammed Amer, the meeting discussed cooperation with the Norwegian company in new and renewable energy projects and the establishment of a project to produce electrical energy with the amount of 3 gigawatts of wind energy, within the framework of the national strategy to generate clean energy, the President stressed Egypt’s interest in cooperating with the Norwegian side due to the vast experience it enjoys in the field of new and renewable energy, also in light of the presence of both the political and executive will. The green energy sector enjoys unprecedented support from the state being one of its top priorities and to make the most of Egypt’s wealth from renewable energy sources from the wind and sun, the CEO of Scatec expressed his honor to meet with President El-Sisi and emphasized the company's great interest to cooperate with Egypt in the field of clean energy. This is of particular significance as Egypt prepares to host the World Climate Summit in November. This is also in addition to Egypt's wealth of renewable energy sources from the wind and sun, which qualifies it to be one of the largest producers of renewable energy in the world, thus enhancing promising investment opportunities in this field.

- On 30/3/2022, Anneken Heutelft, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, and her accompanying delegation, visited Egypt, received by Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, Madbouly expressed his aspiration to increase the volume of investment cooperation in light of the framework agreement signed between the Sovereign Fund of Egypt and the Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries (Norfund), in the field of developing renewable energy projects, especially green hydrogen, green ammonia, and green infrastructure, Madbouly added that Egypt is seriously determined to implement mega projects.  For green hydrogen to become a regional energy hub, Anken Heutelfdt praised the Egyptian government's efforts in supporting peace efforts in the region, especially with regard to the Palestinian cause, and its active role in the Middle East. She also thanked the government for supporting Norwegian companies in Egypt, which contributed to increasing the volume of these partnerships, especially with common interests in the field of investment, especially in the field of new energy and green hydrogen production, stressing that this would support Egypt's strategy to become a regional center for renewable energy.

-On 15/12/2021 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Mr. Raymond Carlsen, CEO of “Scatec”, a Norwegian renewable power producer, the meeting was held in the presence of Prime Minister Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy Dr. Mohamed Shaker, CEO of the Sovereign Fund of Egypt Mr. Ayman Soliman, the Norwegian Ambassador to Cairo Ms Hilde Klemetsdal, and a number of executive officers in Scatec, the meeting discussed cooperation potential with “Scatec” on the localization of water desalination technology and new and renewable energy projects, this cooperation is part of the national strategy for the generation of clean energy, which is implemented in cooperation with long-standing international expertise in this field. The aim is to make use of the many renewable energy resources that Egypt possesses, especially wind and solar energy. These efforts are made in accordance with the State’s plan to diversify energy resources and benefit from its natural wealth, the President underlined Egypt’s interest in cooperating with Norway, building upon its vast experience in the field of new and renewable energy. The President stressed that any future cooperation projects between the two sides should include technical, capacity-building training centers in the fields of operation and maintenance. It is also important that such projects include research and development centers in cooperation with various institutes and research centers in Egypt, the President highlighted.

- On 6/10/2021, Ambassador Amr Ramadan, Ambassador of Egypt to Norway, received Raymond Carlsson, CEO of the Norwegian Scatec Company for Energy and Infrastructure Projects, where the company's plans to increase its investments in Egypt during the coming period were reviewed, after its successful experience as the largest investor in the "Benban" solar energy complex in Aswan, which began in 2017, the meeting dealt with the company's plans to expand solar energy projects to serve desalination projects in Egypt, which aims to desalinate 3.7 million cubic meters per day of water in Several governorates . 

On 30/9/2019, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, received Mrs.  Lene Lind, Ambassador of Norway in Cairo, to discuss and support areas of ways to support and enhance cooperation between the two countries,  Dr. Shaker stressed during the meeting the aspiration of the Arab Republic of Egypt to deepen economic, commercial and social ties and relations with all European Union countries, where the issue of activating Egyptian relations occupies a distinguished position in all Egyptian political, diplomatic and popular circles,  The minister pointed to the challenges faced by the sector during the last period and the great efforts and measures taken in the field of securing electricity supply to bridge the gap between electricity production and demand and solve the electricity crisis that Egypt suffered from during the past periods and transforming the energy deficit into a surplus by adding 25 thousand megawatts by the end of 2018, Shaker also referred to the successful steps taken by the Egyptian electricity and renewable energy sector, where he succeeded in completing the implementation of three of the giant power plants in cooperation with the German company Siemens and its local partners in Beni Suef, Burullus, and the New Administrative Capital to add 14,400 megawatts, and the capital station is During the meeting, a number of topics were discussed, including cooperation in the field of renewable energy, which is a source of energy alternatives, as well as improving energy efficiency, and the memorandum of understanding to be signed between Egypt and Norway within the framework of the   free trade area agreement between Egypt and the EFTA countries, which includes Norway, was discussed to provide Norwegian technical assistance to Egypt in the fields of agriculture, fisheries and industry. Trade, tourism and environment.

Contractual Framework

On 8/11/2022, amemorandum of understanding was signed between the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company, the New and Renewable Energy Development and Use Authority, and the Norwegian company Scatec ASA, regarding the implementation of a project to produce electricity from wind, with a capacity of 5 gigawatts.

On 27/4/2022, an agreement was signed between Egypt and Norway,  under which the Norwegian company "Scatec" and its partners will refinance 6 projects owned by them at the Benban solar energy site in Aswan, with a production capacity of 380 MW, through the issuance of green bonds worth $ 334.5 million, for a period of 19 years, through a group of international investment institutions.

On 31/3/2022, two agreements were signed between Egypt and Norway to develop a green hydrogen project.

On 10/3/2022, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the General Authority of the Suez Canal Economic Zone, the Sovereign Fund of Egypt, the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company, the New and Renewable Energy Development and Use Authority, and the Norwegian Skatec Renewable Energy Company, regarding the project to produce green ammonia from green hydrogen.

- On 16/10/2021, an agreement was signed to produce green hydrogen in quantities ranging from 50-100 MW, as a feedstock for the production of green ammonia, between the Sovereign Fund of Egypt, the Norwegian Skatec Renewable Energy Company, Fertiglobe owned by the Dutch Orascom companies "OCI N.V. ", and the UAE's "ADNOC".

In April 2007, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the National Council for Women and the Norwegian Association for Rural Women  .

In December 2005, a memorandum of understanding between the Egyptian National Council for Human Rights and the National Center for Human Rights of the University of Oslo.

- On 10/1/1996 Memorandum of Understanding on Tripartite Cooperation with African Countries

- On 6/12/1995 an agreement on Norway providing 30 million kroner for furnishing the Bibliotheca Alexandrina

- On 31/5/1992 Protocol of Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Royal Center for Scientific Research and the Academy of Scientific and Technological Research in Cairo

On 29/5/1978 Agreement on Economic, Commercial, Industrial and Technical Cooperation

- On 9/2/1978 the Norwegian Financial and Technical Assistance Agreement in the Development of Fisheries in Lake Nasser .

On 27/4/1977 the  financial agreement between the National Bank of Egypt and the Norwegian Export Finance Corporation .

On 26/4/1966 the cultural agreement between Egypt and Norway .

- On 20/10/1964 Agreement for the Prevention of Double Taxation and Evasion of Income Taxes

On 11/3/1950 the Air Transport Agreement between Egypt and Norway

 petroleum and Mineral resources

-On 26/6/2022 Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources held a meeting with Mr. Terje Pilskog, CEO of the Norwegian company SCATEC, a leading company in green energy solutions and projects, and the accompanying delegation, in the presence of Ms Hilde Klemetsdal, Norway's Ambassador to Egypt. They discussed possible means of cooperation and the available opportunities for joint work with the Norwegian company during the coming period, Eng. Tarek El Molla, asserted that Egypt is strongly bolstering cooperation with the IOCs, interested in implementing activities and investments in the green energy, and reducing emissions domains, for the success of the country's strategy, to be one of the most significant markets in the field and a regional hub for trading all energy sources .For his part, The CEO of SCATEC, clarified the company's distinct capabilities in the green hydrogen projects and ammonia, pointing out the mutual interest in cooperating with the Egyptian government, through signing an MoU with the Suez Canal Economic Zone (SCZONE), the Ministry of Electricity and the Sovereign Fund of Egypt for establishing a plant to produce green ammonia. During the meeting, they agreed on studying possible cooperation opportunities in producing green ammonia, through exploiting the available capabilities, in light of the Norwegian company's interest in cooperating with the Petroleum Sector in this domain, as well as following up and evaluating the results, in order to implement the feasible opportunities..

On 25/11/ 2019, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, received Mrs. Lene Natasha Lind, Norway's Ambassador to Cairo. During the meeting, they discussed methods of boosting joint cooperation in oil and gas domains, which contributes to enhancing relations between both countries. El Molla reviewed the work system of the Petroleum Sector, as well as the procedures and advanced programs that led to achieve distinctive results, in addition to the available investment opportunities in various oil and gas activities and the international companies' interest to increase their activities and pump more investments. For her part, the Norwegian Ambassador highlighted the interest of the Norwegian upstream companies, such as Equinor ASA, to invest in Egypt in these promising areas, as it owns advanced technologies and human expertise, in addition to the Norwegian specialized service companies. She also praised the previous cooperation between Höegh and BW in natural gas domain, through the 1st and the 2nd FSRUs. On the other hand, the ambassador invited Eng. Tarek El Molla, to attend the World Petroleum Conference and Exhibition that will be held in Norway in August 2020.

On 31/5/2017, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, confirmed that the economic reform program adopted by the state and the new stimulating laws such as the Investment Law and the Gas Market Regulation Law, serve development and economic plans and work to attract more investments and achieve sustainable development, Al-Mulla added, during his meeting with Steen Ern Rosnes, Norwegian Ambassador in Cairo, to discuss aspects of cooperation in the activities of the oil and natural gas industry between the two countries, that one of the main pillars of the work system of the petroleum sector is its openness to  Global and regional experiences and expertise in the field of oil and natural gas industry to serve the work system and the national economy, stressing the continuous commitment to development, modernization, refining the skills of petroleum cadres, increasing aspects of cooperation with partners and attracting new investments, The meeting touched on the possibility of benefiting from the Norwegian experience in the program of modernization and development of the petroleum sector, due to its great experience in this field, in addition to reviewing successful partnership models with Norwegian companies, which are represented in the Norwegian company Statoil in the field of research and exploration and the Norwegian company PGS in a seismic survey project in the western region in the territorial waters of the Mediterranean, which is expected to contribute to further attracting major international research companies as a result of The availability of the necessary seismic data after the implementation of the project, in addition to the existing cooperation with a number of  Norwegian companies in the field of liquefied gas, for his part, the ambassador stressed that his country, based on its position in the global energy market, appreciates Egypt's important reforms to the investment climate, and explained the interest of Norwegian petroleum investors in the investment opportunities available in the fields of oil and natural gas industry, and reviewed the experiences and technologies owned by Norwegian companies, which allow them to expand their investments in the Egyptian petroleum .

On 13/2/2017, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, received the Norwegian Deputy Minister of Petroleum and Energy, and the accompanying delegation, to discuss strengthening economic relations between the two countries in the field of oil and gas, and  reviewed during the meeting, the opportunities available for investment in oil and gas activities in Egypt, stressing the importance of supporting aspects of cooperation between the petroleum sector and a number of Norwegian companies in the fields of natural gas through the two gasification ships of the Norwegian company Haug, and BW «Norwegian-Singaporean», and the company's contribution.  For her part, the Norwegian Deputy Minister of Petroleum and Energy reviewed the Norwegian capabilities and expertise and technology possessed by Norwegian companies that allow them to expand their investments in the Egyptian market, stressing the importance of supporting effective cooperation between Egyptian petroleum companies, technology suppliers and specialized services companies.

On 17/10/2016, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, held a session of talks with Steen Rosnes, the Norwegian Ambassador in Cairo, who was accompanied by a delegation from the Eintsok Corporation, which includes major Norwegian oil and gas companies, who is currently visiting Cairo to learn about the opportunities available for investment in the Egyptian petroleum industry, and the  minister stressed the rapprochement between the two countries and the depth of relations between Egypt and Norway, which are characterized by stability and excellence, explaining that there is existing cooperation between the petroleum sector and a number of Norwegian companies in the fields of Oil and natural gas activities, the minister added that Egypt's gas discoveries and major projects in the field of oil, gas and petrochemical industry, in addition to the projects currently being implemented, come as a good promotion of the investment opportunities offered by Egypt in the various fields of the petroleum industry, stressing the commitment of the petroleum sector towards its foreign partners within a framework of credibility and transparency, and that the successes achieved during their tenure in Egypt are a strong incentive to attract more investments. And that the announcement of Egypt's goal to become a regional energy center based on its location and capabilities and studying it to establish many projects that support this trend represents promising future  investment opportunities, pointing out that the delegation of the Eintsuk Foundation made field visits to a number of oil companies during their stay in Egypt, where Enppi companies, Petrobel, Rashid, Petroleum Authority, GUPCO, Pharaonia, South Valley and Badreddine Petroleum will be visited to identify the capabilities of these companies and the available investment opportunities.  For his part, the Norwegian Ambassador explained that the institution, which was established in 1997 jointly between the private sector and the Norwegian government, plays an important role in the oil and gas industry and aims to expand its investments based on its capabilities, expertise and the latest technologies, and that its study to expand in the Egyptian market stems from being a promising market, pointing out that Antsok's focus on expanding its activities earns it more partners, especially since it is an institution based on encouraging effective dialogue between oil companies, technology suppliers, and companies. Services and governments.

Education and cultural 

The development of cultural relations between the two sides was reflected in the success of holding the second forum for cultural cooperation between Egypt and Norway under the chairmanship of the Ministers of Culture of the two countries in the Norwegian city of Rohrs during the period from 3 to 7 March 2009, which focused on following up the results of the first forum held in Luxor during the period from 27 to 30 October 2007. The forum concluded with a conclusion paper that included a number of steps and measures aimed at advancing bilateral cooperation in specific cultural fields, namely: cultural heritage, artistic and cultural activities directed to children and youth, and literary translation. .

The continuous consultation between the officials of the two countries made the Egyptian-Norwegian relations characterized by stability, given that Egypt is the most influential country in the Middle East, as well as Norway's chairmanship of the Temporary International Aid Committee for Palestinians, which made the Norwegian government exert a lot of efforts to alleviate the suffering of the Palestinian people in cooperation with Egypt.

- On 22/5/2022, Dr. Maya Morsi received the President of the National Council for Women, Hilda Klimtsdale, Ambassador of Norway in Cairo, with the aim of reviewing the Council's efforts in the field of women's empowerment, in addition to discussing ways of cooperation between the two sides. Dr. Maya Morsi confirmed that Egypt is the first country in the world to launch its National Strategy for the Empowerment of Egyptian Women 2030 in line with all sustainable development goals.

- On 26/10/2021, Ambassador Amr Ramadan, Ambassador of Egypt to Norway, held a reception in which the ambassadors of Palestine and Algeria to Norway, and a group of Norwegian politicians, participated on the sidelines of the screening of the film Al-Nasser Salah El-Din in one of the cinemas in the center of the Norwegian capital within the framework of the film festival to show the films of the late Egyptian director Youssef Chahine, where the films "Bab Al-Hadid" and "Alexandria Les" were screened, then the film Al-Nasser Salah El-Din was screened at the end of the festival. The invitation was well received by Norwegian moviegoers.

On 20/6/2016, the Cultural Relations Committee approved cultural and scientific cooperation between Egypt and Norway through the activation of student exchange programs.

 transportation

On 26/10/2020, Lieutenant-General Eng. Kamel Al-Wazir, Minister of Transport, held a meeting with Sven Olling, Ambassador of Denmark in Cairo, and Lena Natasha Lind, Ambassador of Norway in Cairo, to discuss cooperation in the field of maritime transport, the tripartite meeting discussed the precautionary measures taken by the Egyptian government in the Egyptian ports for the Corona virus and the procedural facilities taken by the Egyptian side with regard to changing ship crews in Egyptian ports, the Minister of Transport confirmed that there are a large number of promising investment opportunities in the field of Transport, which can constitute a fruitful model for cooperation between Egyptian companies on the one hand and Danish and Norwegian companies on the other, and that the Egyptian side looks forward to further cooperation with these companies in various fields of transport .

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