25 February 2024 06:30 PM

Bilateral Relations

Egypt and United Kingdom

Thursday، 15 December 2022 - 12:17 AM

Egypt and United Kingdom

Location

Britain is located on the continent of Europe off the northwest coast, and Britain consists of the archipelago of Great Britain, the northern section of the island of Ireland, and many small islands, and the borders of Northern Ireland are the only land borders in the Kingdom, which separates it from the Republic of Ireland, and Britain is bordered from the State of France by the Channel Sea.

Area

About 242,000 km²

Capital

London

Official Language

English is the first language in Britain, along with other local languages such as Welsh, Gaelic in Scotland, and Irish.

Official Currency

Pound sterling

Political relations

Egyptian-British relations are witnessing intense activity at the bilateral level and at various political, economic, cultural and religious levels, which is reflected in the many mutual visits, as reflected in the constant contacts between the Foreign Minister and his British counterpart, during which issues of common interest are addressed.

Egypt and Britain converge - at the present time - in views on many regional and international policy issues of common interest, and the two countries strengthen the mechanisms of consultation and coordination between Egypt and Britain with regard to dealing with many crises that the region is going through, foremost of which are the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories and the future of the peace process, the Libyan and Syrian crises, the situation in Yemen and Iraq, as well as efforts to combat terrorism and combat extremist ideology .

Mutual visits

President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met in Sharm El-Sheikh with British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak , on the sidelines of the COP27 meetings. The President welcomed the British Prime Minister's visit to Egypt, being his first foreign visit. The President congratulated Mr. Sunak once again for assuming his role as prime minister and expressed that Egypt looked forward to optimising bilateral cooperation in the coming period, enhancing political coordination and exchanging views on various issues of common interest. The British prime minister expressed his appreciation for Egypt's successful and distinguished organization of the global climate summit. He also valued the close ties between Egypt and Britain and the unprecedented momentum that bilateral relations have gained over the past years, particularly at the level of economic and trade relations. Mr. Sunak confirmed that Egypt is one of Britain's most important partners in the Middle East, acting as the cornerstone for stability and security in the region. The meeting also touched on the two countries' joint efforts to support and strengthen climate action at the regional and international levels, as well as ways and prospects to bolster bilateral cooperation at various levels and take advantage of the capabilities available of both sides in this regard. Both sides agreed to continue to enhance mutual and constructive dialogue between the two countries in the coming period.

On 7/9/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi spoke by phone with His Majesty King Charles III of the United Kingdom  , President El-Sisi offered his deepest condolences to King Charles and the British government and people on the passing of Queen Elizabeth II, who devotedly served her people and country for decades. The President expressed his best wishes for King Charles and the British people in the future steps. His Majesty King Charles III thanked President El-Sisi for this kind gesture, which confirms the special traditional relations between the two countries. The call touched on a number of issues of common interest, particularly climate change, in light of the multiple initiatives sponsored by the British king in this field. This is also in addition to Egypt hosting the upcoming COP 27 summit in November in Sharm El-Sheikh.

On 8/9/2022 It is with great sadness and sorrow that the Presidency of the Republic received this evening the news of the passing of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. In the name of the leadership, government and people of the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Presidency of the Republic extends its most sincere condolences and deepest sympathies to the British Royal Family, and the government and people of the United Kingdom ,Queen Elizabeth II represented the finest qualities with her exemplary dedication and services to her people and country for more than seven decades. During her long reign, Her Majesty contributed to giving an unparalleled model of an inspiring leadership and of the noble and ethical values. She bore the responsibility of the honor of representing her people and homeland with vigorous commitment and wisdom, working genuinely to extend bridges of peace and cooperation among the peoples, and of dialogue among religions and cultures, glorifying the common human values among the civilizations, thus becoming an appreciated global icon,As the leadership, government and people of the Arab Republic of Egypt offer the United Kingdom and its people their heartfelt sympathies and condolences over this great loss, they pray Allah Almighty to inspire Her Majesty’s family, people and admirers in Britain and around the globe with patience and solace.

- On 21/9/2022, Sameh Shoukry met with James Cleverly, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth Affairs and Development in the United Kingdom, Minister Shoukry began the meeting by offering condolences on the death of Queen Elizabeth II, expressing sincere wishes to the government and people of the United Kingdom during the reign of King Charles III, and the Foreign Minister also congratulated his British counterpart on assuming his duties, looking forward to continued cooperation and advancing bilateral relations with the new government, and the meeting also dealt with the exchange of visions and views on a number of regional and international files.

- On 19/9/2022, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, participated in the reception held by King Charles III, for the heads of state and government participating in the funeral ceremony of Queen Elizabeth II, the Prime Minister met with King Charles III, the Prime Minister offered condolences to the King, on behalf of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, President of the Republic, and also conveyed President El-Sisi's wishes to the United Kingdom for continued progress and prosperity during the reign of King Charles .

-On 25/8/2022 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the call covered overall relations between the two countries. Also, views were exchanged on a number of international issues of common interest. These include cooperation in climate change, in light of the upcoming global climate summit taking place in Sharm El-Sheikh in November. President El-Sisi lauded the British prime minister's efforts during his term to significantly develop overall relations between Egypt and Britain across all fields. The President confirmed that Egypt looked forward to continuing joint efforts to support bilateral cooperation in the coming period, Prime Minister Johnson valued the close ties between Egypt and Britain and lauded their development. He stressed that Egypt, under the leadership of President El-Sisi, is an important partner for Britain in the Middle East, Mediterranean basin and Africa. He highlighted Britain's keenness to support Egypt's ambitious measures in pursuit of achieving comprehensive development, particularly increasing investments, transferring expertise and technology, and localizing industry.

- On 16/7/2022 minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry reviewed during a telephone call on Saturday with British Crown Prince Charles Egypt’s vision and goals for the upcoming session of the UN Conference of Parties on Climate Change (COP27),Shoukry discussed Egypt’s vision and goals for the next session of the COP and the efforts it is currently making as part of its preparations for the presidency of the conference, Furthermore, the two sides called on all states parties to update their nationally determined contributions in accordance with the Paris Agreement and raise the ambition of their climate action in all its components, including support and funding for developing countries in the areas of reducing emissions, adapting to the negative effects of climate change, and building their resilience.

On 5/7/2022,  The Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, the Right Honourable Liz Truss welcomed His Excellency Mr Sameh Shoukry, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt to London on 5 July for the inaugural meeting of the UK-Egypt Association Council, the inaugural Association Council created a new platform to further the ambition laid out in the UK-Egypt Association Agreement, signed in December 2020. Within this framework, the ministers had fruitful discussions on the development of the strategic partnership between the United Kingdom and Egypt, the ministers welcomed a number of recent commercial successes between the UK and Egypt, including:

- On 2/7/2022, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, met with British Lord Gold Smith, to discuss a number of different environmental topics and preparations for COP27, British Lord Gold Smith stressed the importance of building on the Glasgow Conference and  working to implement promises and pledges, noting the importance of completing what was done during the Glasgow Conference with regard to forests, as the Forest Declaration is one of the most important outputs of the Glasgow Conference, which is a pivotal pledge to save and restore forests.

On 12/5/2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with Dan Jorgensen and British Minister of State Alok Sharma, President of the 26th session of the Conference, on the sidelines of the ministerial meeting hosted by Denmark on the implementation of climate pledges, which is held under the joint Egyptian-British chairmanship .

-On 20/4/2022  Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry held talks, with British Minister for South Asia, North Africa, the United Nations and the Commonwealth at the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) Lord Tariq Amador Ahmad's visit to Egypt comes in light of the importance the British side attaches to strengthening cooperation with Egypt, s ,During the meeting, the British minister underlined the importance of holding the first partnership council between Egypt and Britain under the co-chairmanship of Shoukry and British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss in order to further enhance bilateral cooperation and hold talks on a host of issues of mutual interest.

- On 30/3/2022, Ambassador Sherif Kamel, Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom, met with Sir Lindsay Hoyle, Speaker of the British House of Commons, the meeting dealt with ways to support bilateral cooperation frameworks between Egypt and the United Kingdom in various fields, and discuss developments in regional issues of interest to both parties, as well as developments in a number of regional issues, and related Egyptian endeavors to support efforts to reach political solutions to the various crises in the region, in a way that enhances the security and stability of its countries .

-On 28/3/2022 , President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the British PM praised the close ties between Egypt and Britain and the significant momentum that the relations between the two countries have gained, especially at the economic and trade levels. Mr. Johnson stressed that Egypt is one of Britain's most important partners in the Middle East and Africa, especially in terms of consolidating security and stability. Hence, the British side is keen to continue supporting the ambitious measures and pioneering experience carried out by Egypt in an effort to advance the economy and achieve comprehensive development, especially through increasing investments, transferring expertise and technology, and localizing industry, For his part, the President praised the remarkable development and qualitative leap in bilateral relations between Egypt and Britain in all fields. His Excellency stressed Egypt's aspiration to maximize fruitful cooperation during the coming period, enhance political coordination and exchange views in light of the common challenges facing the two countries at the international and regional levels, they also discussed Egypt’s preparations to host UN Climate Change Conference (COP27) this November in Sharm El-Sheikh, especially that Britain is chairing the conference. President El-Sisi stressed that Egypt would adopt a comprehensive approach to build on the success achieved in the Glasgow conference and ensure positive outcomes in support of global climate action. The British PM praised the important role played by Egypt with regard to the global climate action, stressing Britain's aspiration to continue cooperation with Egypt in this field.

-On 18/11/2021 Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi and First Lady Entissar El-Sisi received  the British Crown Prince Charles and his wife Camilla Parker — the Duchess of Cornwall و the royal couple were welcomed earlier in the day by Minister of Tourism and Antiquities Khaled El-Enany at Cairo International Airport as they start a two-day visit to the country, their first since 2006,during the meeting, President El-Sisi expressed his hope that the visit would represent a new phase in the historical relations between the two countries, Egyptian Presidential Spokesman Bassam Rady said in a statement.

-On 14/11/2021 President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi received, , a phone call from British Prime Minister Mr. Boris Johnson, they discussed the ongoing preparations for the COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference which will take place in Glasgow, UK, , they stressed the need to strengthen coordination between the two countries to ensure that this session would bring about positive results to help promote the efforts of the international community amid the current global climate crisis, they also touched on the most prominent files of bilateral relations between the two countries and ways to develop them in the fields of defense, security, and combating terrorism, particularly. Means to revive tourism from Britain to Egypt was also discussed, both President El-Sisi and Mr. Johnson discussed the developments of the Renaissance Dam issue. In this regard, President El-Sisi stressed the importance of reaching a fair and balanced legal agreement on the filling and operation of the dam in a manner that preserves Egypt’s water security, achieves the interests of all parties, and maintains regional stability.

-On 2/11/2021  President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with British Prime Minister, Mr. Boris Johnson, on the sidelines of the UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow., Mr. Johnson welcomed the President’s visit to Glasgow, and valued the current firm bonds between Egypt and Britain as well as the growing momentum in the two countries’ relations. The UK Prime Minister affirmed that Egypt is a key partner of Britain in the Middle East, and looked forward to strengthening bilateral relations in an array of fields Prime Minister, Mr. Johnson, expressed his appreciations and congratulations to the President for Egypt’s achievements and ambitious developmental efforts. He underscored Britain’s support for these efforts under the leadership of President El-Sisi, President expressed his appreciation for the recent progress in bilateral relations in all fields. The President affirmed that Egypt looks forward to bolstering bilateral cooperation with Britain in the coming period, and to enhancing political coordination and exchange of views with regard to various issues of mutual interest, the two sides agreed on opening up new prospects of cooperation between the two countries, and on enhancing the engagement of Britain in the priorities of Egypt’s development plans. This is in addition to supporting bilateral cooperation across various fields, especially investment, security, military and intelligence areas as well as the tourism, health and education sectors.

-On 15/10/2021 President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi received, a phone call from British Prime Minister Mr. Boris Johnson, they discussed the ongoing preparations for the COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference which will take place in Glasgow, UK., they stressed the need to strengthen coordination between the two countries to ensure that this session would bring about positive results to help promote the efforts of the international community amid the current global climate crisis,  this discussion was held in light of the importance of the Egyptian role concerning climate issues at the regional level as well as the efforts made by Egypt to host the next session of the conference during 202, they also touched on the most prominent files of bilateral relations between the two countries and ways to develop them in the fields of defense, security, and combating terrorism, particularly. Means to revive tourism from Britain to Egypt was also discussed.

- On 7/10/2021, Ambassador Tarek Adel, Ambassador of Egypt in London, met with James Cleverly, British Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa, where they discussed bilateral relations and the positive developments witnessed by strengthening them during the past period, whether at the trade and investment levels or within the framework of facilitating movement between the two countries in light of the measures imposed due to the Corona virus pandemic, and Cleverly welcomed the growing development of relations between the two countries, stressing the British side's keenness to upgrade cooperation with He praised the important role played by Cairo in maintaining regional security and stability, expressing his aspiration to visit Egypt in the coming period to complete discussions on ways to strengthen Egyptian-British relations . 

- On 20/9/2021, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with the new British Foreign Minister, Mrs. Liz Truss, on the sidelines of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, the two sides discussed ways to support bilateral relations between the two countries and issues of common interest.

- On 15/9/2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi sent a message of condolences to Mr. Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of Britain, expressing heartfelt condolences for the loss of the PM's mother. The President prayed to Allah Almighty to rest her soul in peace and grant her family and loved ones patience and solace.

- On 19/5/2021, Ambassador Tarek Adel, Ambassador of Egypt in London, participated in the meeting held by the Council of Arab Ambassadors with James Cleverly, British Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa, within the framework of the ongoing Arab-British consultation and communication with the aim of reducing escalation in the occupied Palestinian territories, where the British Minister expressed his country's appreciation for the efforts made by Egypt to reduce the escalation between Israel and the Palestinians and reach a truce agreement, pointing out that the United Kingdom is also making contacts in support of the efforts of De-escalation leading to a permanent ceasefire agreement, which is urgently needed to create the ground for Palestinian-Israeli peace negotiations to be launched again .

- On 13/5/2021, Ambassador Tarek Adel, Ambassador of Egypt in London, received a phone call from James Cleverly, British Minister of State for the Middle East and North Africa, where Cleverly expressed his country's appreciation for the efforts made by Egypt to reduce the escalation between Israel and the Palestinians, expressing his country's readiness to provide all support for Egyptian efforts to reach the required calm in order to preserve the lives of civilians.

- On 18/3/2021, Ambassador Tarek Adel, Ambassador of Egypt in London, participated in the meeting held by the ambassadors of the African Group in London with James Dodridge, British Minister of State for Africa. The meeting touched on prospects for cooperation between African countries and Britain.

-On 30/9/2020 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi receives a phone call from British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the two leaders exchanged views on the developments of a number of international and regional files, foremost of which is the situation in Libya. The President stressed Egypt's firm, strategic stance on the Libyan crisis, which is aimed at restoring stability and security in Libya and calling on all Libyan parties to positively interact in all tracks emanating from the Berlin summit and the Cairo Declaration with an eye to holding the presidential and parliamentary elections. These elections will mark the beginning of a new phase for the Libyan people towards achieving peace and stability, restoring the pillars of the national state, and putting an end to the chaos brought by the spread of terrorist groups, the phone call also touched on a range of bilateral issues, particularly in the security, military, trade and tourism areas in light of the notable development of relations between the two countries in the recent period. Boris Johnson also asserted Britain's keenness to develop joint cooperation with Egypt in various fields.

- On 7/7/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry received a phone call from his British counterpart, Dominic Raab, where the call dealt with the overall bilateral relations between Egypt and Britain, and consultation on regional and international issues of common interest .

- On 4/6/2020, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi participated via electronic means of communication in the Global Vaccine Summit, which was hosted by the United Kingdom at the level of heads of state and government, with the participation of a number of foreign and health ministers, and President El-Sisi delivered a recorded speech during the summit.

- On 7/4/2020, President Sisi said - in a post on his personal page on social networking sites - I extend my sincere wishes for recovery to Boris Johnson, the British Prime Minister, who leads his country strongly in confronting the "Corona virus" and I would like to point out that Egypt appreciates the efforts of the United Kingdom, led by Johnson, in working to limit the spread of this virus.

- On 15/2/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with Mark Sedwill, British National Security Advisor, on the sidelines of his participation in the 56th Munich Security Conference in Germany, the meeting dealt with the overall bilateral relations between Egypt and Britain, and consultation on issues of common interest.

- On 21/1/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry discussed with his British counterpart Dominic Raab ways to advance bilateral relations in various fields, and discuss issues of common interest, and Shoukry praised the convening of the Africa-Britain Investment Summit .

- On 24/12/2019, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met during his visit to America with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, where Johnson stressed his appreciation for the role played by Egypt to support and consolidate peace and stability in the Middle East .

-On 19/12/2019 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi congratulated the Prime Minister of UK on the big majority win of the conservative party in the UK’s general elections. His Excellency stressed that this big win reflects the confidence of the British voters in the vision and ability of Johnson to lead the country during the next phase.

On 6/12/2018, Egypt's Ambassador to London, Tarek Adel, stressed during the meeting held by the Ambassador with both British MPs Stephen Timms (from the Labour Party) and Jonathan Lord (from the Conservative Party), in their capacity as co-chairs of the Parliamentary Friendship Group with Egypt in the British Parliament, the importance of working to strengthen political relations between Egypt and Britain, and attract more British direct investments to Egypt, while ensuring their diversification in many fields.

- On 24/8/2017, Alistair Burt, British Minister of State for the Middle East for Bilateral Relations and Regional Issues, visited Egypt, and was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the two sides discussed various aspects of political, economic and trade relations between the two countries, where Burt stressed the special interest that his country attaches to strengthening its partnership with Egypt.

- On 18/3/2017, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a delegation of members of the British Conservative Party Council for Middle East Affairs, headed by Hugo Wire, British Minister of State, and the visit came to communicate and strengthen relations and learn about the political situation in the region

- On 25/2/2017, Sameh Shoukry received Foreign Minister Boris Johnson, British Foreign Minister, where the visit aimed to push forward the relations between the two countries and consult on a number of regional files of interest to the two countries .

- On 27/7/2016, the British Delegation of Commons headed by Gerald Haworth, member of the British House of Commons and Chairman of the Friends of Egypt Group in the British Parliament, visited Egypt, and was received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. The delegation also met with a number of officials, during which they discussed supporting cooperation relations between Egypt and Britain.

On 4/11/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with Lord Paul Dayton, former Minister of State, expert in the field of infrastructure and the owner of the achievement in preparing the British infrastructure before organizing the London 2012 Olympics, and the President reviewed during the meeting the Egyptian national projects aimed at raising the efficiency of infrastructure in Egypt .

- On 4/11/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi visited Britain, where he was received by British Prime Minister David Cameron at the Prime Minister's Office in "Downing Street". The two sides discussed ways to strengthen relations in all fields, British investments in Egypt and trade exchange, as well as cooperation in combating terrorism and extremism, in addition to a number of regional and international issues of common interest, including the Palestinian issue and developments in Syria and Libya .

- On 20/8/2015, a high-level British security delegation headed by Joan Jenkins, Deputy British National Security Adviser, visited Egypt and was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the meeting dealt with developments in Libya, Iraq, Yemen and Syria, efforts to combat terrorism in the region and coordination between Egypt and Britain in this regard .

- On 17/6/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Sir Kim Darroch, Advisor to the British Prime Minister for National Security Affairs, the two sides discussed the developments of bilateral relations between Egypt and Britain and ways to support and develop them, as well as the developments in the Middle East and its repercussions on European security .

- On 14/ 12/2014, the British Parliament delegation, which represents the Friends of Egypt Group, visited Egypt, received by Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, the two sides discussed a number of regional issues of common interest, especially the developments of the Palestinian issue .

- On 19/11/2014, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry visited Britain and met during the visit with Kim Darroch, British National Security Advisor, where the talks dealt with bilateral relations and ways to develop them, the situation in Iraq, Libya and Palestine and joint coordination, with regard to the global war against the phenomenon of terrorism as a global phenomenon targeting security and stability in the region and in the whole world .

- On 27/10/2014, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry visited Britain, during which he held several meetings, starting with his meeting with his British counterpart Philip Hammond, where the two sides discussed ways of cooperation in combating terrorism and developments in Libya, in addition to the role played by Egypt towards resolving the Palestinian issue, and the two sides also discussed ways to strengthen bilateral relations in various fields .

- On 15/9/2014, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with his British counterpart Philip Hammond on the sidelines of their participation in the work of the international conference hosted by the French capital Paris on Iraq, where the two sides discussed developments in the regional arena, especially in Iraq, and efforts to combat the threat of terrorism and extremism in the Middle East, in addition to discussing ways to develop and strengthen bilateral relations between the two countries in various fields .

- On 25/7/2014, Philip Hammond, British Foreign Minister, visited Egypt, received by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the two sides discussed the developments in the Gaza Strip and Egypt's efforts to make the ceasefire initiative in the occupied territories a success.

- On 11/6/2014, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Kim Darroch, Advisor to the British Prime Minister for National Security, who visited Egypt carrying a written message from the British Prime Minister stating Cameron to President El-Sisi, where Darroch congratulated Egypt on the distinguished organization of the elections, and the President on his victory, and the President also handed over a written message from the British Prime Minister, noting his country's awareness of the size and nature of the challenges faced by Egypt, whether at the economic level, or at the level of combating terrorism and extremism, and expressing the position of His country supports the Egyptian position in any negotiations with the International Monetary Fund 

- On 14/5/2014, Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy visited Britain, where he gave a lecture in front of the seminar organized by the famous "Chatham House" research center on the removal of weapons of mass destruction from the Middle East, in addition to holding several meetings with a number of senior British officials, led by British National Security Advisor Kim Darroch, Foreign Minister William Hague, members of the Friends of Egypt group in the House of Commons, as well as the Minister of State for International Development and the Shadow Minister for Middle East and North Africa  .

On 7/12/2013, former Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmi met with British Foreign Secretary William Hague on the sidelines of the "Manama Dialogue" forum. The meetings took up the latest developments in Egypt, the road map and the constitution that was finished by the 50-member committee and presented to Interim President Adly Mansour.

On 11/09/2012, British Foreign Secretary William Hague discussed with officials bilateral relations and a wide range of issues like Syria, the Palestinian question and developments in the Middle East.

On 21/2/2011, British Prime Minister David Cameron became the first foreign leader to visit Egypt since the downfall of Hosni Mubarak which electrified the Middle East and forced the West to rethink its policies in the region. Cameron visited Tahrir Square and met with the representatives of the various democratic movements.

 

Economic relations

The Egyptian/British economic relations are close and historical, driven by the common interests of the economies of both countries, and there is full coordination between Cairo and London to maintain strategic relations between them, both in the multilateral framework and at the bilateral level .

Many British companies are investing in Egypt in the oil, gas, education, infrastructure and health sectors. Egypt opens its arms to receive more British investments, whether new investments or expansions of existing investments in the productive and service sectors, especially since Britain is the largest foreign investor in the Egyptian market, and the government is keen to solve any problems that may face British investments in Egypt, especially in light of the reform measures it has taken during the past stage, which contributed to creating an attractive climate for local and foreign investments .

Egyptian officials are in many contacts with the British side in order to strengthen cooperation in many fields, especially health and education, and to launch programs that benefit Egypt from the British experience, as Britain has a pioneering experience in the comprehensive health insurance system that Egypt seeks to apply, in addition to distinguished British educational institutions. Egypt has already started implementing several programs, including training Egyptian doctors in Britain in the field of "general practice", and the first group of Egyptian doctors arrived in Britain during April 2019 for training .

The economic relations between the two countries are witnessing a great and growing development year after year, as this relationship has reached its best levels in recent years.

Trade Exchange and Investment

Trade relations between Egypt and Britain are witnessing continuous growth, as the volume of trade between the two countries during 2021 amounted to about 2 billion and 917 million dollars .

 British investments in Egypt amounted to about $ 5.6 billion in 1450 projects in the fields of industry, services, construction, tourism, finance, agriculture, communications and information technology .

The volume of Egyptian exports during the first quarter of 2021 amounted to about 219 million pounds compared to about 223 million pounds during the same period of 2020 .

 Egypt's imports from Britain amounted to about 300 million pounds compared to 258 million pounds in the same period of 2020 .

Egyptian food industry exports to Britain increased by about 76% to reach £24 million compared to about £13.6 million during 2020, and the most important exports are (molasses - vegetable oils and greases - chocolate and food preparations - strawberries - onions - vegetables, fruits and nuts - spices - preparations for sauces ).

 Areas of economic cooperation between the two countries:

On 31/10/2022, Eng. Ahmed Samir, Minister of Trade and Industry, held a session of talks with Gareth Bailey, British Ambassador in Cairo, to discuss ways to enhance economic cooperation between Egypt and Britain during the next stage, and the minister said that Egypt is keen to strengthen the strategic partnership relations between Egypt and Britain for the benefit of the level of economic, trade and investment cooperation between the two countries, and to maintain distinguished bilateral relations with Britain, pointing out that the two countries have strong relations based on a long history of joint cooperation in various fields.  As well as the interest of the governments in Egypt and Britain to push the frameworks of economic cooperation to achieve a qualitative leap in the rates of bilateral trade and increase investment projects for British companies in Egypt .

- On 19/10/2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, during his meeting with British Foreign Secretary of State for Africa Gillian Keegan, expressed the Egyptian government's interest in facilitating British investment flows in the Egyptian economic sectors, enhancing its involvement in mega development projects, and exploiting promising investment opportunities in Egypt .

- On 5/10/2022, the British Embassy in Cairo hosted the "One Month of COP27" ceremony, celebrating the growing green partnership between the United Kingdom and Egypt, this event represents the launch of the British Climate Finance Accelerator Program in Egypt, a new program that will help low-carbon projects access the financing they need, and the attendees also witnessed the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the African Development Agency, a non-profit organization supported by the UK government, and the Financial Supervisory Authority, to support the financial sector in Egypt to become More sustainable .

- On 21/9/2022, Sameh Shoukry met with James Cleverly, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth Affairs and Development in the United Kingdom, the two ministers welcomed the recent intensification of consultation mechanisms between Egypt and Britain, where the first round of the Egyptian Participation Council was held and the Trade and Investment Subcommittee was launched to enhance economic and trade cooperation between the two countries, and the Foreign Minister was keen to emphasize the Egyptian government's interest in increasing British investments in the Egyptian market, especially in the fields of energy and agriculture, encouraging government financial institutions  British International Investment (BII) to increase its investments in Egypt .

- On 17/8/2022, Dr. Mohamed Maait, Minister of Finance, indicated during his meeting with Gareth Bailey, the British Ambassador in Cairo and his accompanying delegation, the interest of the Egyptian side in studying opportunities to enhance joint cooperation in the field of minting, which extends for many decades, through the exchange of experiences, and benefiting from specialized cadres in the two countries, in a way that maximizes the use of the capabilities of the public treasury and the Egyptian mint and its future projects, and enhances its ability to meet the needs of local markets and neighboring countries with high quality, and the British ambassador stressed the interest of the side  The British to explore opportunities for cooperation in the field of minting between the mint houses of the two countries in order to achieve their common interests and strengthen the partnership relations between the two countries .

On 5/7/2022, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Development Liz Truss welcomed the meeting of Mr. Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, at the first meeting of the Association Council, which came as a new platform to develop the ambitions addressed by the UK-Egypt Association Agreement, which was signed in December 2020. Within this framework, the two ministers had fruitful talks on the development of the strategic partnership between the UK and Egypt.

- On 23/6/2022, a meeting of the Egyptian-British Participation Committee was held at the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to prepare for the work of the first Egyptian-British Participation Council meeting, during which the topics expected to be discussed during the next Egyptian-British Participation Council meeting were discussed, where the national strategy to attract foreign investments and work to create an investment climate for Egyptian and foreign businessmen was reviewed with the aim of investing in a number of major national projects of priority and in line with national concerns, with a focus on attracting  More British investments in new and renewable energy and green hydrogen production .

- On 30/5/2022, Dr. Mohamed Maait, Minister of Finance, met with Gareth Bailey, British Ambassador in Cairo, and some representatives of English companies, where Maait explained that it is targeted during the new fiscal year 2022/2023, to work to achieve ambitious goals in light of a highly turbulent global economic scene, where the total revenues targeted in the new draft budget are 1.5 trillion and 18 billion pounds, while the total expected expenditures are 2 trillion and 71 billion pounds, and 356 billion pounds have been allocated for support and social protection, In addition to 400 billion pounds for wages, and 376 billion pounds for public investments, with a growth rate of 9.6% to improve services provided to citizens and create more job opportunities, especially for young people, while increasing environmentally friendly projects to 50% and we aim to record a primary surplus of 1.5%, and reduce the total deficit to 6.1% of GDP, compared to a total deficit of 12.5% at the end of June 2016.

- On 18/5/2022, Dr. Rania Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, inaugurated the work of the Egyptian trade mission to the United Kingdom, organized by the Egyptian-British Association, where she met with members of the association, major British companies, government officials, and leaders of the business community in the British capital, London, and "Al-Mashat" stressed that the efforts and measures taken by the state enhance its quest to transform into a green economy, and provide financing from its various sources to implement development projects, as Egypt was the first country to issue green dollar bonds worth $ 750 million  During 2020, it is also working to provide financing from various sources as well as development funds to finance adaptation and mitigation projects, as the current portfolio includes 85 projects in the field of adaptation to climate change and mitigating its repercussions worth $ 11.9 billion, in support of the state's efforts to implement the thirteenth goal of the sustainable development goals: climate action, and "Al-Mashat" reviewed the state's efforts to promote the transition towards a green economy.

- On 10/5/2022, Mr. Al-Quseir, Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, met with Vicki Ford, Minister of African Affairs in the United Kingdom, the meeting dealt with enhancing agricultural cooperation between Egypt and Britain, as well as the impact of climate change on agriculture, Ford confirmed that her country provides all support to Egypt and its hosting of the COP 27 climate summit to be held next November in Sharm El-Sheikh .

- On 12/3/2022, Dr. Rania Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, visited Britain, received by Diana Layfield, Executive Director of the British Finance Corporation (CDC  ), the two sides discussed the integration between the British Foundation's strategy for the period 2022-2026, which focuses on supporting the transition and transition to a green economy and enhancing environmental sustainability, and the Egyptian government's efforts aimed at promoting climate action and achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, through ambitious strategies such as the Sustainable Energy Strategy and infrastructure development.  Infrastructure for different sectors to comply with environmental standards .

- On 21/1/2022, Mrs. Nevine Gamea, Minister of Trade and Industry, held a meeting with the delegation of the Arab-British Chamber of Commerce, which included Mr. Bandar Ali Reda, Secretary General and CEO, and Mr. Abdel Salam Al-Idrissi, Deputy Secretary General of the Chamber, where the meeting dealt with ways to activate the Chamber's role in developing joint economic, commercial, industrial and investment cooperation relations between Egypt and the United Kingdom during the next stage, and the Minister pointed to the importance of activating joint efforts between officials and business communities in the two countries to achieve the maximum possible benefit. From the Egyptian-British partnership agreement, which was signed between the two countries after Britain's exit from the European Union, pointing out that Egyptian exports to the United Kingdom markets last year amounted to about one billion and 79 million dollars, compared to about 738 million dollars in 2020, achieving an increase rate of 46.2 %.

- On 18/11/2021, during Prince Charles' visit to Egypt, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, accompanied by Prince Charles, participated in the special session for businessmen, in which representatives of Vodafone,  HSBC  Bank,  CIb Bank, and Karam Solar participated, and the discussions included the mechanism followed by the state to allow banks and the private sector to invest in green projects, and the opportunities available for green investments in Egypt, especially those aimed at addressing climate change, and the attendees stressed to provide a more supportive climate for investments in Egypt than Through regulations and legislation, such as the fields of new and renewable energy, which provides the opportunity for the private sector to invest in them, whether in large projects that achieve large profits, or small projects.

On 31/10/2021, President Sisi met with an elite of the British financial community and economy, perhaps the most important of which was his meeting with the head of one of the largest investment funds in Britain "Actis", who announced that the fund intends to inject new investments in Egypt in projects of various productive sectors, the banking sector and the energy sector .

- On 21/ 10/2021, Dr. Mohamed Maait, Minister of Finance, visited England, during which he met with members of the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce, in the presence of Jeffrey Donaldson, the British Prime Minister's Trade Envoy to Egypt, and Ian Gray, President of the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce.

On 14/7/2021, the preliminary meeting of the participation committee for the Egyptian-British Participation Agreement signed on December 5, 2020 was held, under the chairmanship of the Assistant Foreign Minister for European Affairs, Ambassador Dr. Badr Abdel Aty, and his British counterpart, "Stephanie Al-Qaq", with the participation of the Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for Northern and Central European Affairs, and senior officials in the Ministries of Trade and Industry, Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Finance, Civil Aviation, and the Commercial Representation Authority .

On 5/12/2020, Egypt and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed, at the headquarters of the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the agreement establishing the partnership between the two countries (the Egyptian-British Partnership Agreement), the agreement provides a complete liberalization of trade between the two countries in industrial products, most agricultural commodities, food products, fish and their products, with the exception of some agricultural commodities that will be subject to quantitative quotas determined by the agreement and are sufficient to absorb a large percentage of the exports of the two parties.

- On 9/11/2020, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, delivered a speech before the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce, during the virtual opening session of the "Egypt Week: The Road to Sustainable Economic Growth" conference, and the Prime Minister began his speech by expressing his happiness to participate in this important event, thanking the British Egyptian Business Association "BEBA", and the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce "EBCC".  And for all the efforts made by all parties to organize this event remotely, which aims to strengthen partnership and cooperation between Egyptian and British companies for the mutual benefit of our two countries.

- On 18/1/2020, Ambassador Dr. Badr Abdel Aty, Assistant Foreign Minister for European Affairs and Chairman of the National Working Group on Reaching a Participation Agreement with Britain, received a high-level British delegation headed by Martin Duffy, the British chief negotiator for the Middle East and North Africa, within the framework of the third round of negotiations on reaching a partnership agreement between Egypt and Britain that represents a treaty framework for trade relations between the two countries after the British exit from the European Union.

- On 20/ 1/2020, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi participated in the "Africa-Britain Investment Summit", where they discussed joint opportunities, exchanged experiences and plans to stimulate partnership in the field of investment in the coming period .

- On 16/1/2020, Dr. Rania Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, discussed with the British Ambassador in Cairo, Geoffrey Adams, ways to continue economic coordination and deepen development cooperation in light of the great cooperation witnessed by the joint economic relations that resulted in the return of British flights to Sharm El-Sheikh, the British Ambassador in Cairo congratulated Dr. Rania Al-Mashat for assuming the Ministry of International Cooperation, pointing out that his country is the largest foreign investor in the Egyptian market.

- On 12/1/2020, Sherif Seif El-Din, President of the Administrative Control Authority, received Geoffrey Adams, British Ambassador to Egypt, and his accompanying delegation to discuss cooperation frameworks with the Administrative Control Authority, and the two sides reviewed the most prominent areas of investment.

- On 10/ 12/2019, Ambassador Dr. Badr Abdel Aty, Assistant Foreign Minister for European Affairs, met in two separate meetings with Ambassador George Hodgson, Head of the Joint Unit for North Africa at the British Foreign Office, and Philip Pharm, Special Envoy of the Africa-Britain Investment Summit to be held in London in 2020, where they discussed ways to strengthen bilateral relations in all fields, especially economic and trade, as well as the arrangements for holding the Investment Summit in London 2020 and the desired objectives, with regard to the development of cooperation. In the field of investment between Britain and Africa in general, and between Britain and Egypt in particular .

- On 15/  10/2019, Alan Haywood, CEO of BP Logistics and Trading, said that BP's investments in Egypt have risen to reach $ 35 billion since the start of its work in Egypt until now, and the company is working to expand its activities, to make Egypt one of the largest countries in the file of BP International's investments, which is in line with its growth strategy, which aims to reach more than three times the current production by 2020 compared to 2016 .

On 16/9/2019: Britain's Minister for Middle East and North Africa Affairs and Minister for International Development of the United Kingdom Andrew Morrison met Minister of Investment Sahar Nasr. The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation announced that British investments in Egypt recorded $47.4 billion through 1816 companies operating in the state. The ministry clarified that the two sides discussed increasing British investments in Egypt, referring to the Egyptian-British cooperation in financing development projects, especially in the field of human capital development, through launching education programs and health care initiatives. This is in addition to the future cooperation with Britain in the transport, and small and medium enterprises sector.

On 29/5/2019, Amr Nassar, Minister of Trade and Industry, discussed the future of Egyptian-British economic relations, with Liam Fox, British Minister of International Trade, after Britain's exit from the European Union, and the two parties held an expanded meeting within the framework of the British Minister of International Trade tour to some North African countries, to hold meetings with senior government officials to discuss ways to establish new partnerships in Egypt and strengthen trade relations between Egypt, North Africa and the United Kingdom .

- On 5/12/2018, he visited Egypt with British Trade Envoy Jeffrey Donaldson, and was received by Eng. Amr Nassar, Minister of Trade and Industry, the two sides discussed the future of economic cooperation between the two countries, especially in light of the decision to leave Britain from the European Union.

On 31/7/2018, Jeffrey Donaldson, British Trade Envoy, visited Egypt, and was received by Eng. Amr Nassar, Minister of Trade and Industry. The two sides discussed ways to develop and expand the volume of current relations and reach them to better levels during the next stage, and discussed strengthening strategic trade and investment relations between the two countries and preparing for the post-Brexit phase.

On 30/5/2018, Graham Stewart, British Minister of Investment, visited Egypt, and was received by Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and the two sides discussed ways to enhance cooperation in all fields between the two countries.

On 13/2/2018, Eng. Tarek Kabil, Minister of Trade and Industry, confirmed that there is great coordination between officials in both Egypt and Britain to enhance joint trade and economic cooperation, during the next stage, especially in light of the strategic partnership relations between the two governments and business organizations in the two countries, and said that Egypt is keen on the continuation and growth of trade relations between Egypt and Britain, and moving them to wider horizons, pointing out that the measures for Britain's exit from the European Union will not affect at all the level of economic relations between the two countries.  And the movement of trade and joint investments .

On 17/1/2016, a delegation from the British Parliament headed by Sir Alan Duncan, Chairman of the Conservative Party Council for Middle East Affairs, visited Egypt, the delegation received Eng. Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister. During the meeting, they dealt with responding to a number of inquiries from the British delegation about the investment opportunities and projects carried out by the government, the advantages granted to investors and the associated measures related to financial and economic policies.

- On 3/3/2014, members of the British Egyptian Business Association, members of the British Retail Union, and a number of British parliamentarians visited Egypt, to attend the opening of the Business Forum, which was organized by the British Egyptian Business Association under the title "Egypt is open to global investments", they held several meetings during the visit with Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour, Minister of Trade, Industry and Investment, on ways to push and develop economic and trade relations, attract more investments to Egypt and increase the flow of Egyptian exports to the United Kingdom markets,  Abdel Nour also stressed that the United Kingdom is one of the most important partners with which Egypt wants to increase and expand areas of cooperation during the next stage.

Petroleum and mineral resources

-On 14/2/2022 , President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with the Chief Executive Officer of British Petroleum, BP, Mr. Bernard Looney, on the sidelines of the Egypt Petroleum Show (EGYPS 2022). The meeting was also attended by Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Eng. Tarek El Molla. the meeting discussed progress in the joint cooperation with BP, which is the largest oil producer in Egypt. It also reviewed the company’s current activities and targeted investment plans during the coming few years in the areas of petroleum search and exploration in Egypt. President El-Sisi welcomed BP’s CEO and reiterated that Egypt supports and welcomes progress in the cooperation relations between the two sides, given the company’s longstanding history and previous activities in Egypt. He confirmed that this shall boost Egypt’s endeavors to become a regional hub for energy trading. President El-Sisi stressed the need to continue coordination and cooperation with the British company and to remove any impediments facing its work so as to further advance search and exploration efforts as well as oil production in Egypt. The President underscored the strategic cooperation relations and outstanding partnership between Egypt and all British companies, within the framework of the two countries’ distinct relations. BP’s CEO, Mr. Looney, lauded President El-Sisi’s wise leadership and ambitious vision, which have led Egypt to become a successful economic and developmental model, at both the regional and international levels. He also commended the special relations between Egypt and the UK across an array of fields, asserting that Egypt is at the forefront of countries that BP places huge interest on boosting the size and scope of its investments in. Mr. Looney noted that this comes in light of the positive investment climate in Egypt as well as the promising opportunities offered in its energy sector. He highlighted in particular the great interest accorded by the state to developing this vital sector as well as Egypt’s possession of all components necessary for the success of this approach, including the unique geographic location, the discoveries in the oil and gas fields and the advanced infrastructure.

-On 11/2/2020 On the sidelines of 2020 Egypt Petroleum Show EGYPS, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met this morning the CEO of British Petroleum (BP) Mr. Bernard Looney, in the presence of Prime Minister, Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, and Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Eng. Tarek Al-Mulla,President El-Sisi expressed Egypt’s appreciation for the volume of BP’s activities and investments in Egypt since the middle of the last century until now. During this period, the company contributed greatly to exploration and production of gas and oil, which supported this sector in a pivotal manner and contributed to making Egypt become a regional hub for energy production and circulation in the eastern Mediterranean. His Excellency said that he wants the company to increase its activities and investments in Egypt in an effort to increase discoveries in the field of gas and oil and to maximize the state's use of its potential resources for the benefit of current and future generations, President El-Sisi also stressed the priority Egypt attaches to the private sector’s participation in the energy sector, due to the significant returns and added value this sector brings. His Excellency stressed the importance of expanding the company's successful programs in terms of training and skills development and this is to pursue its support for many educational initiatives, including scholarship funding for Egyptian graduates in major British universities.

- On 1/8/2018 minister of Petroleum Tarek El Molla met with UK trade representative Sir Jeffrey Donaldson and British Ambassador John Casson to discuss ways of boosting cooperation in the oil and gas sector, Egypt Oil & Gas reports, British companies have contributed to the implementation of a number of Egyptian gas projects in the Mediterranean Sea, the press release stated.  It added that there are promising investment opportunities in the oil and gas exploration for British companies and that some bids have already been put forward, During the meeting, El Molla said that the efforts have created an attractive climate for investment in the oil and gas industry, and that the Egyptian-British trade relations in the sector are longstanding thanks to a number of joint projects,Donaldson said that British companies have an interest in the ongoing Assuit and Suez refining projects, and lauded the recent boom in Egypt’s petroleum sector.  He stated that the Egyptian economic reform program has reshaped the investment map for the sector.

- On 29/5/2018 engineer Tareq Al Mulla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, received British Investment Minister Graham Stewart, who is in Cairo, attended by British Ambassador John Cassin and the accompanying delegation to further support joint oilfield investments and And to strengthen cooperation in this promising area by encouraging British companies operating in Egypt to increase investment in large oil projects and to enter new companies in the Egyptian market to create good opportunities in the oil sector, al-Mulla said the meeting entailed a review of the Egyptian government's economic reforms that create an attractive investment environment and drive the economy forward, notably through the adoption of some investor attraction and motivation laws, especially investment law and regulation of the gas market. the Minister of Petroleum said that during the meeting, he discussed the investment opportunities to promote the investment of British companies in the activities of oil and gas exploration and development of fields as a major player in this activity in Egypt and contributed its excellent economic partnership with the oil sector has achieved many successes in the discovery and development of many important fields in the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Suez and their contribution to the strategy of development of oil and gas resources in Egypt. Of particular note are the strong partnerships and historical economic links that link the oil sector with British companies. Cooperation between the two sides in existing projects and the launching of new projects in the coming period, given the opportunities to work in oil fields through international tenders for oil and gas are offered, and invited Mulla British companies to invest in these projects and promising areas.

On 26/4/2018, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, held talks with Alan Haywood, CEO of BP Supplies and Trading, and the meeting discussed opportunities for the company's participation in new activities that include bunkering ships and improving refining operations in order to achieve the maximum benefit from refined products and improve their specifications, as well as cooperation in establishing storage centers for petroleum products.

On 25/9/2017, Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, received John Casson, British Ambassador in Cairo, and Sir Jeffrey Donaldson, Trade Envoy to the United Kingdom, during the meeting, they discussed joint cooperation in the fields of oil and natural gas industry and ways to support this cooperation, especially since Britain is one of the largest countries that have investments in the Egyptian petroleum sector and employs many British companies that have major projects in the field of oil and natural gas production, and the minister pointed out that the outstanding results The minister also stressed the commitment of the petroleum sector to create a suitable investment climate for its partners, pointing out that oil and gas projects with British companies have given impulses to support joint cooperation between the two countries.

On 8/9/2016, Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, discussed during his meeting with John Casson, British Ambassador in Cairo, aspects of joint cooperation in the field of oil and natural gas industry, and ways to support these relations and develop joint projects between the two countries, and El Molla pointed out that joint petroleum cooperation is the cornerstone in supporting economic cooperation between the two countries, and that the outstanding results achieved by British companies in exploration and production activities of oil and gas in Egypt represent an incentive to inject more investments into this The field is especially since the history of these companies extends to the beginning of the last century and resulted in a serious economic partnership that represents an asset to support joint relations.

On 4/11/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with the President of British Gas, who stressed the desire to increase investments in Egypt to benefit from being a promising market in the field of gas discoveries .

On 10/8/2015, Helge Lund, CEO of the British Gas Group "British Gas", visited Egypt, received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, El-Sisi praised the existing cooperation between the company and the Egyptian Ministry of Petroleum, and praised its activity and the volume of its business in Egypt in the field of research and exploration for gas.

On 15/1/2008, the Minister of Petroleum Sameh Fahmy met with Prince Andrew, Duke of York, representative of the United Kingdom for international trade and investment, the two sides discussed ways to support and continue joint cooperation between Egypt and Britain and the development of joint projects in the field of oil, gas and petrochemicals, Fahmy stressed that the visit of the Duke of York to Egypt will give a strong impetus to increase joint cooperation in light of the effective participation of British companies operating in Egypt.

electricity and renewable energy

On 20/10/2022, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, received Ms. Gillian Keegan,  Minister of African Affairs in Britain, and Mr. Gareth Bayley,  British Ambassador in Cairo and their accompanying delegation, regarding identifying the Egyptian experience and the measures taken by the Egyptian electricity sector in the field of reducing emissions, and Gillian Keegan praised  The Minister of African Affairs in Britain, including the great experiences of the Egyptian electricity and renewable energy sector in all fields, and also praised the reforms that Egypt has succeeded in general in achieving and the achievements that the Egyptian electricity sector has succeeded in achieving during the last period and stressed her country's desire to increase the volume of cooperation in many fields, especially renewable energies and green hydrogen until we reach zero emissions, and praised all the efforts made by the Egyptian electricity and renewable energy sector and what Egypt has achieved it in the field of combating climate change, as it has become a leading country in the region, which encourages the transfer of these experiences to other countries in the region, and stressed the importance of continuing cooperation and exchange of visions during the coming period in preparation for Egypt's organization  of the activities of the Conference of the Parties COP 27 in the fields of renewable energies, improving energy efficiency, research, studies and energy.

On 30/3/2022, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, received Mr. Gareth Bayley, British Ambassador to Cairo, Mr.  Lan Gray, President of the Egyptian-British Chamber, and a large delegation that includes a number of British companies working in the field of energy on identifying the Egyptian experience and the measures taken by the Egyptian electricity sector in the field of reducing emissions, and discussing ways to support and enhance cooperation with the electricity and renewable energy sector. As well as increasing investment opportunities on the land of Egypt. Shaker praised the relations  Distinguished between Egypt and Britain in many different aspects of cooperation in various fields of electricity.

On 12/10/2021, Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, discussed with Gareth Bailey, the new British Ambassador to Egypt, ways to support and enhance cooperation between the electricity and energy sector.

On 20/10/2020, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, received  Gillian Keegan, Minister of African Affairs in Britain, and  Gareth Bayley, British Ambassador in Cairo and their accompanying delegation, to discuss enhancing cooperation between British companies with the Egyptian electricity and renewable energy sector, as well as increasing investment opportunities on the land of Egypt.

- On 7/ 7/2020, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, met with the British Ambassador to Egypt, via video conferencing technology, to discuss ways to support and enhance cooperation between Egypt represented in the electricity and energy sector and a number of British companies specialized in the field of electricity, and Dr. Shaker welcomed cooperation with British companies in renewable energy projects, which are a source of energy alternatives, especially wind and solar energy, as well as improving energy efficiency, the British Ambassador in Cairo praised the distinguished political relations that bind between the two countries, stressing the need to support and strengthen those relations .

- On 15/12/2019, Dr. Mohamed Saeed Al-Assar, Minister of State for Military Production, and Jeffrey Adams, British Ambassador to Egypt, witnessed the signing ceremony of a memorandum of understanding between the National Authority for Military Production and the British company "Envirotek" to cooperate in the field of manufacturing water treatment systems, providing electrical energy and solar energy projects. This memorandum represents a roadmap for joint cooperation between the two sides in the fields of (supply, assembly and manufacture of water treatment and purification systems, electrical energy saving systems, opportunities to participate in the implementation of solar energy projects and the development of panel production lines.  Solar energy and training of workers on these lines. Paul Williams, CEO of the British company "Envirotek", pointed out that the company cooperates with Banha Company for Electronic Industries (Factory 144 Al-Harbi) in the field of participation in the implementation of projects to establish solar power plants, electrical energy saving systems and street lighting, followed by cooperation in the fields of water treatment and desalination systems .

Military and security cooperation

There is great military cooperation between Egypt and Britain through the purchase of the demining equipment (Armtrac 400) to work on the removal of mines on the northwest coast of the remnants of World War II, and joint exercises between the two countries in the Mediterranean. The British government supports Egypt in its fight against terrorism, seeing Egypt as fighting a war not only to defend itself but to defend the whole of Europe .

Egypt is an important military partner with Britain in the region in the fight against ISIS, as David Concar, head of the International Organizations Department at the British Foreign Office, stated, "Egypt's membership in the Security Council is an opportunity for Egypt to lead the international community in fighting ISIS and restoring stability and peace to Libya." Prime Minister Theresa May, where Egypt considered a key pillar of stability in the Middle East, stressing her country's keenness to strengthen relations in the field of combating terrorism .

On 3/7/2022, Minister Sameh Shoukry met with British National Security Advisor Sir Stephen Lavgrove to discuss ways of cooperation in the field of combating terrorism and extremism.

On 20/1/2022, Egypt stressed "the importance of strengthening and strengthening cooperation with Britain in various fields, especially at the security and intelligence levels." This came during the reception of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, in Cairo, Richard Moore, head of British intelligence, in the presence of Abbas Kamel, head of general intelligence in Egypt, and the British ambassador in Cairo, the meeting discussed ways to enhance security and intelligence cooperation between the two countries towards various related issues.

-On 23/5/2021 the UK Chief of Defence Staff’s Senior Advisor to the Middle East & North Africa, Air Marshal Martin (Sammy) Sampson, has concludes his visit to Egypt.AM Martin Sampson discussed with Egyptian Air Forces ways to enhance bilateral cooperation, during the visit, the UK Chief of Defence Staff’s Senior Advisor to the Middle East & North Africa (DSAME) held high-level meetings with senior officials from the Egyptian Armed Forces and was accompanied by British Defence Attaché to Egypt Captain (Royal Navy) Stephen Deacon,AM Martin Sampson met with Commander of Egyptian Air Forces where both sides discussed ways to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two nations’ Air Forces, DSAME also convened meetings with Chief of Training Authority and Chief of Armament Authority, where both sides discussed topics of common interest and explored ways to deepen the future training and defence procurement engagements.

-On 9/11/2020 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Chief of Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) Mr. Richard Moore in the presence of the Director of the General Intelligence Service and the British Ambassador to Cairo, the President welcomed the British official and asked him to convey his regards and greetings to Prime Minister Boris Johnson. President El-Sisi emphasized the importance Egypt attaches to strengthening cooperation between the two countries in various fields, especially on the security and intelligence levels, For his part, the Chief of the Secret Intelligence Service conveyed greetings from the British Prime Minister to President El-Sisi, expressing his country's pride in the constructive cooperation and close bilateral relations and stressing UK's keenness to maintain coordination with Egypt concerning the various challenges, especially in light of the current developments in the Middle East, the Eastern Mediterranean and Africa. In this context, the British official appreciates President El-Sisi’s leadership to the efforts aiming to consolidate regional security and stability, which has cemented Egypt's role as a stabilizing factor in regional security as a whole, especially through the success made in combating the phenomena of terrorism and illegal immigration, the meeting discussed ways to enhance security and intelligence cooperation between the two countries regarding various related issues. The President stressed that in light of the rising threat of terrorism and extremism spreading at the regional and international levels, we all have to unite to confront this fast-spreading scourge through a comprehensive approach that includes isolating radical ideology, upholding the values of citizenship, moderation and dialogue, and boosting and supporting development efforts, as well as restoring and strengthening the institutions of states grappling with the current crises that hit the region to achieve security and stability.

-On 5/11/2020 Within the framework of the Armed Forces General Command keenness to execute joint exercises with friendly and brotherly states and to exchange expertise with global naval forces, the Egyptian-British (Joint Amphibious Training Exercise, T-1) (JATE-T1) takes place in the theatre of operations of the northern fleet of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and is scheduled till the eleventh of November, the Egyptian helicopter carrier - mistral class ENS "Anwar El Sadat" along with associated battlegroup, Naval Special Forces elements, and several multirole combat aircrafts represent the Egyptian side, while the amphibious transport dock of the Royal Navy HMS Albion along with associated battlegroup, and elements from the Royal Navy's Special Boat Service (SBS) represent the British side, It is worth mentioning that (JATE T-1) is launched in its first edition between Egypt and Britain, the exercise first stage started with the arrival of HMS Albion and SBS elements at Alexandria Naval Base and holding a bilateral coordination meeting and introduction of elements, the exercise (JATE-T1) aims to sharing expertise in fields of planning, executing, and directing joint amphibious operations, countering maritime threats operations, promoting maritime security, and exploring the amphibious operations tactics and methods adopted by the Royal Navy's Special Boat Service, the joint exercise shall also include several workshops on maritime security matters, maritime interdiction operations, and vital naval assets protection.​

-On 29/11/2019 The Egyptian and British Armed Forces carried out joint Egyptian-British anti-terrorism training, which was held for the first time between the two countries in the of commandos combat training fields, the training included the implementation of several training activities that showed the efficiency and accuracy of the participating troops involved in the training, the Chief of the Armed Forces Training Authority, the Commander of the Thunderbolt Forces and Lt. Gen. John Lemerre, the British Defense, Senior Adviser to the Chief of Staff for the Middle East and the British Defense Attaché in Cairo, passed on the training elements, the Chief of the Armed Forces Training Authority conveyed General/ Mohamed Zaki, Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, Minister of Defense and Military Production, and Lieutenant General/ Mohamed Farid, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces welcoming and regards to the British forces participating in the training, while the British side praised the good organization of the training as well as the excellent level of the elements in various stages of the training, pointing out that the training aims to unify the operational concepts to achieve the maximum possible benefit of both sides, adding that training is an extension of strategic relations between Egypt and Britain in cooperation in the fight against terrorism, the training comes within the framework of a series of joint exercises carried out by the Egyptian Armed Forces with a number of brotherly and friendly countries to contribute to the transfer and exchange of expertise and to identify different combat doctrines and support military cooperation relations in various fields.

- On 13/7/2018 In continuation of the joint training plan between the Armed Forces and brotherly and friendly countries, units of the Egyptian and British naval forces carried out a joint naval training in the Mediterranean Sea, which lasted for several days with the participation of a number of naval vessels of both countries, the training began with the arrival of the British frigate HMS Argyll to Alexandria naval base. LTG Ahmed Khaled, Commander of the Navy, received the Commander of the British Naval Forces in the Middle East to discuss aspects of joint cooperation between the Egyptian and British navies, the training included many activities. Of which, a realistic scenario for combating terrorism, facing threats to maritime security, securing vital targets against unconventional threats, sailing formations and maintaining radio contact day and night, training on helicopter exchanges on vessels during day and night, practicing the right to visit, board, search and seizure (VBSS) between the two sides, and training on protecting naval units while crossing dangerous areas, the participating naval units also conducted a live fire-shooting training to repel and destroy hostile surface targets, showing the accuracy of both sides of Egypt and Britain in hitting the targets,the training comes within the framework of supporting the pillars of joint cooperation between the Egyptian and British armed forces, identifying the latest systems and methods of naval combat and maximizing the benefits for the participating units from both sides.​

-On 2/2/2017 Chief of the Defence Staff Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach today welcomed his Egyptian counterpart Lieutenant General Mahmoud Hegazy to London. Crown Copyright, as part of joint Defence work last year, Royal Navy warships HMS Ocean and Bulwark visited Egypt and met with ENS Tahya Misr to practice manoeuvres and participate in an air defence exercise, 10 Egyptian officers from their Mistral class helicopter carriers were also hosted on board, and ahead of the exercise HMS Ocean, visited the port of Alexandria, the first Royal Navy ship to do so for eight years.

- On 28/7/2016 Defense Minister Colonel General Sedki Sobhi met a delegation of the parliamentary friendship group in the British Houses of Commons and Lords, during a Cairo visit, the meeting took up exchanging points of view regarding the latest developments at the regional and international arenas as well as their consequences on the security and stability of the Middle East region, Sobhi said that Egypt looks forward to promoting joint cooperation and enhancing coordination in issues of common interest during the coming phase. The meeting was attended by Chief of Staff Lt. General Mahmoud Hegazy and other top brass.

On 13/5/2016 senior Middle East official at the UK's defence ministry visited Cairo and met with local officials including the Egyptian deputy defence minister, Lieutenant-General Tom Beckett, the defence senior advisor for the Middle East at the Ministry of Defence, told Assistant Minister of Defence General Mohamed El-Keshky that "the UK considers Egypt an important military partner in the region and in the fight against Daesh," the statement read, referring to the Islamic State militant group, Beckett was accompanied on the visit by retired Air Vice Marshal Nigel Maddox who is currently senior military advisor at UK Trade and Investment, a government department. the officials also discussed ways to increase bilateral military cooperation, including through further joint work to counter the threat of IEDs and through exploring further UK defence exports that will assist in the fight against the IS group, Britain exports millions of pounds of arms to Egypt annually, with a dramatic increase in export licences for weapons recorded in 2015.

-On 6/11/2015 the Foreign Secretary and Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) committing the Home Office and Egyptian Ministry of Interior to a regular high-level dialogue to increase cooperation across a wide range of areas, including counter-terrorism, illegal migration and organised crime, the Foreign Secretary and Foreign Minister also signed a MoU on cooperation across research, innovation, health training, cultural collaboration, and higher education. Under the agreement, the UK and Egypt will establish an Egyptian Higher Education Regulatory and Funding Agency (HERFA) based on UK experience, a partnership with Cambridge Assessment on examination standards, and a development programme for leaders in Egyptian universities. The agreement also commits the UK and Egypt to share best practice in Heritage Science and vocational training, and increases support on health education and medical training for Egyptian health professionals.

-On 18/9/2015 Building on a strong, existing relationship between the UK and Egypt, General Houghton held frank and open discussions with General Hegazy, general Houghton emphasised the UK’s commitment to work with Egypt to tackle the shared challenges facing both countries. He focused especially on how the UK can support Egypt in effective counter-terrorism and how the two countries can work together to ensure a secure and stable future for Libya, general Hegazy also met Defence Secretary Michael Fallon who recently represented the UK at the opening of the new Suez Canal. Mr Fallon told Gen Hegazy that the UK remains committed to supporting a more secure, prosperous, and democratic Egypt, the visit also provided an opportunity for General Hegazy to visit Longmoor military training camp, where 15 Egyptian officers are currently receiving close protection training from British army experts.

- On 19/11/2014, Lieutenant General Mahmoud Hegazy, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, met with the British delegation that visited Egypt headed by General Sir Nicholas Hutton, Chief of Staff of the British Defense, who confirmed during the meeting his country's support for Egypt in its war against terrorism and the restoration of security and stability throughout Egypt, because Egypt represents a strategic weight in the Middle East, the meeting dealt with the exchange of visions towards the developments of the situation in the region, and the war on terrorism and its reflection on security and stability in the Middle East. They discussed ways of joint cooperation and exchange of experiences in many fields that serve the common interests of both Egypt and the United Kingdom, in a way that supports regional and international security and stability .

- On n 17/4/2013 the Egyptian Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of International Cooperation signed an agreement with Armtrak Limited to purchase the mine clearance equipment (Armtrak 400) to work on clearance of World War II mine remnants in the Northwest Coast, according to a statement issued by the British Embassy in Egypt in May 2016, Egypt is considered an important military partner in the region and in the war against "Da'ash". Head of the international organizations department in the British Foreign Office, David Konkar said: "Egypt's membership of the Security Council is an opportunity to assume power in combating Da'ash and restore stability in Libya.   He furthered to stress that the United Kingdom is seeking to realize a close partnership with Egypt in the Security Council, in face of the recent global challenges, which was confirmed by the British Prime Minister, Theresa May, who considered Egypt was a cornerstone of stability in the Middle East region, the Egyptian-British Friendship Association Lords, underlined Britain’s keenness on strengthening its relations with Egypt in the field of combating terrorism, during their meeting with the commander of the Armed Forces, Minister of Defense and Military Production, Sedqi sobhi.

Tourism Cooperation

-On 28/9/2022 egyptian Minister of Tourism, Ahmed Issa, met with Gareth Bayley, the UK ambassador to Cairo, and Mrs. Elizabeth White, head of the British Council in Cairo, along with the accompanying delegation, the meeting was held to discuss enhancing means of cooperation between the two countries in the field of tourism and antiquities, as well as encouraging the increase of tourist movement from the United Kingdom to Egypt, in the presence of Minister Plenipotentiary Dalia Abdel Fattah, General Supervisor of the General Department of International Relations and Agreements in the Ministrythe minister reviewed the features of the national strategy for Egyptian tourism, which aims to increase the incoming tourism movement to various Egyptian tourist destinations from the various target markets, thus increasing the revenues generated from it, as well as increasing job and employment opportunities, the minister referred to the efforts working to provide a different tourism product and experience to tourists, to improve the investment climate and to attract more investments in the tourism sector, he also talked about maximizing the volume of existing cooperation and coordination with the private tourism sector and the concerned authorities to advance this vital sector. In addition to raising the efficiency of services provided to tourists, and providing more high-quality activities and recreational services, which contributes to attracting more tourists to various Egyptian tourist destinations. The minister also mentioned that Egypt is working on creating new tourist patterns and products that attract more different segments of tourists, such as in the file of medical and hospital tourism.

On 22/9/2022, Major General Khaled Fouda, Governor of South Sinai, received Ambassador Gareth Bailey, British Ambassador to Cairo, where Bailey said that there will be an increase in the number of flights coming from Britain to Sharm El-Sheikh, at a rate of 2000 tourists per week up to 17 thousand tourists at the end of November 2022, stressing that the number of British tourists in Sharm El-Sheikh currently ranges from 300 to 4000 with 23 flights per week, stressing that it increases to reach at the end of November 2022 to 34 flights per week, The British ambassador also confirmed that he will recommend the British government to amend the recommendations for British tourists coming to South Sinai by modifying the maps from red to green for Taba and Nuweiba to make all tourist destinations and cities in South Sinai available to all British tourists, and the British ambassador pointed to the importance of exchanging experiences in various fields and expressed his readiness to exchange experiences in the fields of tourism and security and to see the latest developments in the world in the areas of training individuals to deal with tourists .

- On 21/4/2022, the Minister of Tourism and Antiquities, Dr. Khaled Al-Anani, met with the British Minister of State for North Africa, South and Central Asia, the Commonwealth and the United Nations, Tarek Ahmed, and his accompanying delegation, in the presence of Ambassador Gareth Bailey, Ambassador of the State of Britain in Cairo, and Minister Plenipotentiary Dalia Abdel Fattah, Supervisor of the General Department of International Relations and Agreements at the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the Minister of Tourism and Antiquities welcomed the British government's decision to amend the travel guidelines for the southern part of South Sinai Governorate and Fayoum Governorate and the tourist destinations included in it from  During the meeting, the Minister of Tourism and Antiquities spoke about tourism preparations for Egypt's hosting of the "COP 27" conference,  noting that in this context, a ministerial decision was issued, at the end of last January, obliging all hotel and tourist establishments in Sharm El Sheikh (as a first stage) to obtain A certificate from one of the accredited international or local bodies stating that it has applied all the requirements of environmentally friendly green practices in accordance with the concept of sustainable tourism, and that work is being done to convert all tourist vehicles in the city of Sharm El Sheikh to work with environmentally friendly mechanisms.

- On 23/3/2022, Dr. Khaled El-Anany, Minister of Tourism and Antiquities, met  with Nigel Huddleston, British Minister of State for Tourism, Heritage, Sports and Civil Society, to discuss ways to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the field of tourism and push more tourist traffic to Egypt from Britain, the meeting was attended by Ambassador Sherif Kamel, Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom, Youmna Al-Bahar, Assistant Minister of Tourism and Antiquities for Technical Affairs, and Mohamed Mohsen, Tourism Attaché at the Egyptian Tourism Office in London and the administrative and financial supervisor of the offices  Tourism in France, China and their supervisory countries, Dr. Khaled El-Anany began the meeting by stressing the continuation and depth of bilateral relations between Egypt and Britain at the official and popular levels, and aspects of fruitful cooperation between the two countries in many fields, including tourism and antiquities, and during the meeting, the two ministers reviewed the latest developments in the indicators of tourism movement in the two countries.

-On 30/9/2021, Dr. Khaled El-Anany, Minister of Tourism and Antiquities, received the British Ambassador in Cairo, Gareth Bailey, and during the meeting, El-Anany reviewed the efforts currently being made by Egypt to adopt new tourism patterns and activities, such as adventure tourism, and the integration of the beach and entertainment tourism product with the cultural tourism product, through several elements, including linking the cities of the Nile Valley with the coastal tourist cities in a new product by developing domestic airlines linking Luxor, Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Aswan and Abu Simbel, which will contribute to Increasing the competitive advantage of the Egyptian tourist destination and creating an integrated tourism product for the first time that combines enjoying the element of entertainment, beaches and Egyptian antiquities together, and makes the tourist enjoy a unique and distinctive tourist experience and gives him an opportunity to enjoy different tourist patterns during his visit to Egypt, and in the field of archaeological work, the two sides discussed the possibility of signing a joint agreement of understanding between the two countries in the field of recovering stolen and illegally smuggled antiquities, and the minister also briefed the British ambassador on preparations for the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the discovery of  Tomb of King Tutankhamun .

On 13/11/2020, Dr. Khaled El-Anany, Minister of Tourism and Antiquities, delivered a speech before the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce, during the virtual closing session of the "Egypt Week: The Road to Sustainable Economic Growth" conference, organized through the Egyptian British Business Association (BEBA) and the Egyptian-British Chamber of Commerce (EBCC), in cooperation with the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the United Kingdom and the British International Trade Department (DIT) in Egypt.

- On 9/11/2020, Egypt, represented by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, participated in the London International Tourism Exchange  (WTM), with the participation of 150 countries, 1290 exhibitors and 1355 representatives of tour operators, international airlines, international tourism associations and the World Tourism Organization, and Maged Abu Sedira, Head of the International Tourism Sector at the Egyptian General Authority for Tourism Promotion, explained that Egypt participated this year in this exchange in a number of important professional meetings and meetings that were held with the aim of standing on the latest developments in The global tourism movement and the study of the best means of dealing with the current global crisis, in the presence of representatives of the central office supervising the British market, where meetings were held with a number of major tour operators and airlines in the United Kingdom, led by Easy Jet  Holidays, Holiday Gems, On The Beach,  Love Holidays, and  You  Travel, as well as met with officials of the Association of Tour Operators and British Travel and Tourism Agencies  "ABTA  ".

- On 28/7/2020, Dr. Khaled El-Anany, Minister of Tourism and Antiquities, received Sir Geoffrey Adams, British Ambassador in Cairo, to discuss ways to enhance cooperation in the field of tourism and push tourism between the two countries, as the British market is one of the most important source markets for tourism to Egypt, El-Anany reviewed the precautionary measures and measures set by the ministry to ensure the health and safety of all visitors and workers in the tourism sector.

 On 28/10/2019, the British government decided to end its recommendation not to travel by air to the Egyptian city of Sharm el-Sheikh, and Geoffrey Adams, British Ambassador to Egypt, said that this announcement came after close cooperation between aviation security experts in the United Kingdom and their counterparts in Egypt. We will work closely with airlines that want to resume flights, and global airlines and tourism companies welcomed the decision, with German giant TUI saying it would resume flights as soon as possible. easyJet also said it was aware of the decision and was looking forward to any opportunities to resume its activity organising flights and tourist holidays to Sharm el-Sheikh.

On 17/1/2019, Egypt and Britain celebrated the success of the restoration of the Mamluk archaeological pulpits in Cairo, which was funded by the British Cultural Heritage Protection Fund. The British Embassy in Cairo is currently investing more than £3 million in six projects across Egypt with the aim of creating sustainable opportunities for economic and social development while protecting cultural heritage.

communications and information technology

On 3/9/2019, the Minister of Communications and Information Technology Amr Talaat witnessed the signing ceremony of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) and the British Council (British Council) to raise the competencies and capabilities of the employees of the National Academy for Information Technology for Persons with Disabilities in the field of developing the creative economy and projects with a societal return, in light of the increasing interest in knowledge-based industries, including creative industries, especially those aimed at addressing societal challenges

Medical Collaboration

On 17/8/2021, the UK provided 299,700 doses of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine to Egypt as part of its efforts to ensure that the most vulnerable are vaccinated quickly, and this shipment of vaccines, as well as the UK's wider support to COVAX, will help meet Egypt's vaccine needs as the country continues its battle against COVID-19.

- On 29/ 1/2022, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research and Acting Minister of Health and Population, announced the receipt of 3 million and 999 thousand and 360 doses of the Corona virus vaccine produced by "AstraZeneca", provided by the United Kingdom through the "COVAX" mechanism in cooperation with the International Serum and Vaccine Alliance "Gavi", Abdel Ghaffar thanked the United Kingdom for supporting Egypt with this shipment of vaccine doses .

- On 10/9/2021, Egypt's Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Tarek Adel, met with Belen Engiso, Vice President of AstraZeneca for the Middle East and Africa, as well as the Director of the Medical Sector for the region, to discuss bilateral cooperation frameworks with the company, and ways to enhance it during the coming period, especially in light of the repercussions caused by the Corona pandemic .

On 3/7/2018, Egypt and England signed a partnership agreement between Arabia Holding Group and the British  Proton Partners International  Hospital, to establish a medical center in Cairo that uses proton technology in diagnosis and treatment, at a cost of 3 billion pounds, to be completed within two years, in a Cairo hotel, in the presence of Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, representing with the Minister of Health and Population on behalf of the Prime Minister

Cooperation in the field of transport

-On 25/5/2021, Lieutenant-General Engineer / Kamel Al-Wazir - Minister of Transport, met with the British Ambassador to Egypt Sir Geoffrey Adams, to discuss cooperation in current and future projects in the fields of railways, electric traction and subway, and the two sides also discussed the interest of Hitachi, the United Kingdom branch, to manufacture and supply 200 sleeping coaches for the Egyptian Railways Authority, where the Minister of Transport confirmed that the ministry has an ambitious plan to support the sleeping coaches fleet to improve the services provided to citizens and support the tourism sector, pointing to the importance of submitting the offer. To the SEMAF factory in implementation of the directives of the political leadership to develop the transport industry in Egypt.

On 22/1/2020, the Minister of Transport, Eng. Kamel Al-Wazir, discussed with the British Minister of Transport Grant Shapps at the headquarters of the British Ministry of Transport ways to enhance joint cooperation in various fields of transport, and for his part, Eng. Kamel Al-Wazir stressed that Egypt seeks during the current stage to open up to all countries of the world and strengthen cooperation frameworks with international partners, including the United Kingdom, and look forward to building a full partnership with the Kingdom in various fields, especially the field of transport in light of the British history related to the establishment of Egyptian railways. Which is the second oldest railway in the world, and it was also noted during the meeting to the ongoing cooperation with the company "Bombardier" to establish the monorail project in the New Administrative Capital, and the Sixth of October as a model for fruitful cooperation with British companies in the transport sector, and the Egyptian Minister of Transport expressed, in this context, his aspiration for more cooperation with British companies in the projects being implemented in Egypt.

- On 28/11/2019, Lieutenant-General Eng. Kamel Al-Wazir, Minister of Transport, visited the Bombardier factory in the British province of Derby, and held an extensive meeting with officials of Bombardier International, headed by Matteo Byrne, President of Bombardier UK. The meeting discussed the latest developments regarding the executive steps of the Monorail projects in the Administrative Capital and the Sixth of October, and the Minister stressed the importance of these two projects in light of the great interest given by the Ministry of Transport to maximize the mass transport system, then the two sides reviewed the executive plan for the two projects, and the President of Bombardier stated  The main components of the two projects will be manufactured during the first quarter of 2020, with train assembly for the two projects to begin from June 2020 according to the schedules set out in the contract. The two sides also discussed increasing the number of trainees from the National Authority for Tunnels on maintenance work, as well as the possibility of opening a training and maintenance center in Egypt, not only for monorail maintenance .

- On 24/11/2015, Dr. Saad Al-Geyoushi, Minister of Transport, visited Britain to participate in the activities of the twenty-ninth session of the regular session of the General Assembly of the International Maritime Organization in London. El-Geyoushi met with Jeffrey Donaldson, the British Prime Minister's Personal Envoy for the Development of Trade Relations with Egypt.

Cooperation in the environmental field

On 11/2/2021, Alok Sharma, Envoy of the British Prime Minister and President of the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, visited Egypt, received by Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, and the meeting was attended by Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, Sir Geoffrey Adams, Ambassador of the United Kingdom in Cairo, and Ambassador Mohamed Omar Gad, Director of the Environment and Sustainable Development Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Madbouly stressed Egypt's keenness to cooperate and coordinate with the British side, for the success of the Conference of the Parties to be held during the period from 1-12 November 2021 in Glasgow, UK, to ensure that the conference comes out with the desired results, stressing Egypt's support for the British presidency of the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment and President of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, highlighted Egypt's adoption of the concept of green recovery, and its taking many measures in this context, foremost of which is the issuance of green bonds, as the first country in the North Africa and Middle East region to issue these bonds to finance environmentally friendly projects, and to adopt environmental sustainability standards  For national investments and projects, in the state plan starting from 2021-2022 .

- On 15/11/2018, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, visited England, and was received by Theresa Covey, Minister of Environment, Food and Rural Development in England. The two sides discussed ways of cooperation in the fields of environmental work. The two parties agreed to strengthen cooperation between the two countries, especially in the areas of biodiversity protection and the post-2030 plan to address and protect biodiversity losses, in addition to discussing combating pollution of water bodies and oceans and supporting Egypt in its efforts in integrated solid waste management, as well as the initiative to reduce the use of plastics. In addition to the use of social networking sites in raising awareness of the dangers of depletion of natural resources and the importance of biodiversity .

Educational and cultural cooperation

(Egypt and Britain) enjoy distinguished cultural and educational relations gained a great boost with the establishment of the British University in Cairo in March 2006 and can be monitored the most important features of these relations in the following lines :

- On 5/9/2022, a delegation from Queen Margaret University, including Dr. Richard Butt, Vice President for International Affairs, and Dr. David Stevenson, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Administration at the University, and Dr . Theresa Cronin, Director of International Partnership and International Officer of the Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Administration at the University, visited Egypt, and was received by Dr. Ayman Ashour, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, to discuss the establishment of a branch of the university in the New Administrative Capital, the British University delegation confirmed their welcome to cooperate with the Ministry of Higher Education in establishing a branch  They praised the great boom witnessed by Egypt at the level of higher education and scientific research during the past years, which was an important motivation for the idea of establishing a branch of the university in Egypt, which has become characterized by the diversity of universities and support partnerships with international universities .

- On 21/5/2022, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, visited Britain to participate in the conference organized by the Egyptian-British Business Association in the United Kingdom at  University College London (UCL), to discuss ways to enhance cooperation between the university and a number of Egyptian universities, within the framework of the plan of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, to support and strengthen international partnerships with prestigious universities at the international level.

on Tuesday 2/11/2021 President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met  with the President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, Professor Jackie Taylor. the MoU aims at enhancing the Royal College’s efforts to support education, training and professional appraisal in the Egyptian health sector, which would help in following the highest standards possible of healthcare, Professor Taylor stressed the college’s intention to establish a cooperation partnership with the specialized Egyptian authorities in order to transfer academic and practical expertise to the medical and healthcare sector in Egypt, this comes in light of President El-Sisi’s remarkable efforts to further advance the development and construction process in all fields, which provides a promising environment for this partnership and increases its opportunities for success.

- On 8/12/2019, Dr. Enas Abdel Dayem, Minister of Culture, confirmed the continued endeavor to preserve Egypt's national heritage and recover the lost from it as part of the features of identity, as it announced the restoration of the homeland to the sixteenth part of the manuscript of the Qur'anic quarter of Sultan Qanswa Al-Ghouri (1446-1516), which was offered for sale at the English Chiswick Auction Hall, through the efforts of the National Library and Archives headed by Dr. Hisham Azmy, and saluted everyone who contributes to preserving the holdings of the Egyptian National Library as From the vocabulary of the nation's history .

On 2/7/2018, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister and Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities, witnessed the signing ceremony of a cooperation agreement between the Nile International Certificate Unit at the Education Development Fund of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the International Examinations and Education Authority at the University of Cambridge, UK. The agreement includes several axes of sustainable partnership between the Nile International Certificate Unit and the University of Cambridge, UK.

On 18/7/2018, Ambassador Nabila Makram, Minister of State for Immigration and Egyptian Expatriates Affairs, visited Britain to participate in the Young Peacemakers Forum, which was organized by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif in cooperation with the Muslim Council of Elders and the Archdiocese of Canterbury in London. The forum was attended by Dr. Ahmed Al-Tayeb, Sheikh of Al-Azhar, and Bishop Angelos, Bishop General of England of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The forum aimed to form youth working groups from the East and West, which through intensive workshops discuss a number of important themes that the youth also participated in selecting, and related to In their role in building a just peace and spreading the culture of coexistence and integration, and how to participate in shaping the future.

On 12/7/2018, Dr. Ahmed Al-Tayeb, Sheikh of Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, visited Britain, received by Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle, and also attended the Muslim-Christian Dialogue Forum, Al-Tayeb met with the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby. Al-Tayeb showed the manuscript with parts of the Qur'an, which was found in Birmingham.

On 5/7/2018, 44 PhD students in the field of science went to the UK on a scholarship, Alex Lambert, Acting Director of the British Council in Egypt, stated that these students are the latest to benefit from the scholarships offered by the Newton-Mosharafa Fund, the largest bilateral science program being implemented in Egypt with an investment of £50 million in science and innovation. He pointed out that since its establishment in 2014, the Newton-Mosharafa Fund has supported 172 scientists from Egypt To complete their studies in the UK to obtain doctoral degrees.

On 25/6/2018, Egypt and Britain signed a memorandum of cooperation between the Ministry of Higher Education and the University of Liverpool, UK, related to enhancing cooperation in the fields of higher education, scientific research and innovation. The MoU was signed by Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and Dr. Dem Janet Beer, President of the University of Liverpool. The MoU aims to develop the strategic partnership between the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and the University of Liverpool through joint research and innovation activities, exchange and training of faculty members and students, as well as initiatives Educational capacity building in addition to other activities of common interest, including the development of institutional partnerships.

In 2018, the British Embassy in Cairo celebrated the 80th anniversary of the British Council's work in Egypt. Opened in 1938, the British Council opened its doors for the first time outside the UK – in Bucharest and in Cairo.

On 29/1/2017, FameLab competitions were launched for young researchers, British Council Egypt Director Jeff Streeter said that science and education are at the core of the UK-Egypt bilateral relations, and we are proud of our partnership with the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, to support young science conductors. FameLab celebrates its 10th anniversary in general, and 8 years in Egypt in particular, through the first round in Cairo for the qualifiers, which was held among 36 contestants at the university's campus American in Cairo .

In 2017, Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, in cooperation with the British Center, announced the opening of applications for the Religious Studies Scholarship for a year, a scholarship provided under the patronage of His Eminence the Grand Imam Dr. Ahmed Al-Tayeb, Sheikh of Al-Azhar, and Archbishop of Canterbury, to support joint cooperation between Muslims and others. Students will be able to study theology, comparative religions, philosophy of religions, history of religions, and anthropology.

On 29/11/2016, the educational partnership week between Egypt and the United Kingdom began in London with a series of high-level meetings with an Egyptian delegation at the highest levels, this visit comes to build on the effectiveness of previous work and cooperation between the two countries after the signing of the memorandum of understanding between the governments of the two countries in November 2015 during President Sisi's visit to the United Kingdom, and the United Kingdom works closely with the Ministry of Education, the Egyptian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, the Egyptian Parliament, the specialized presidential councils and the Presidential Advisory Council. For scientists and experts, and the Supreme Council of Universities and Public Universities.

On 6/11/2015, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry and his British counterpart Philip Hammond signed a memorandum of understanding on ways to enhance joint initiatives in the fields of education, innovation and scientific research, so that 2016 will be a starting point for the launch of deeper ties in these fields over the next fifteen years. Under this memorandum, the two sides will establish, inter alia, a working committee on the development of a new model for the management and financing of higher education in Egypt, and a rehabilitation program will be developed under the supervision of the University of Cambridge with the aim of raising Institutional capacities related to university admission tests in Egypt, and the memorandum also includes other items related to the training of medical staff, and the exchange of experiences in the field of antiquities conservation and museum management.

In 2014, the Newton-Mosharafa Fund was launched, the largest bilateral scientific programme being implemented in Egypt with a GBP 50 million investment in science and innovation in Egypt.  Co-financed by the UK Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)  and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Egypt, the British Council offers a PhD scholarship programme.

During 2009, the Grand Mufti of the Republic made a number of visits to participate in: Religious dialogue meetings of the initiative called C1, organized by the Archdiocese of London on March 30, 2009,  under the co-chairmanship of His Eminence the Grand Mufti of the Republic and His Holiness the Bishop of London. At the Windsor Conference on Interfaith Pledges to the Environment, co-organized by the United Nations Development Programme, the Alliance of Religions and Environmental Conservation, and the UK-based Earth Partners Centre for Dialogue. And in the annual conference of the International Coexistence Foundation (on 9/12/2009) which means  Interreligious dialogue.

On 5/7/2009, the President of Al-Azhar University visited the United Kingdom at the head of a delegation from Al-Azhar University, the delegation met during the visit with officials in Britain, the two sides discussed ways to support bilateral relations between the two countries .

Cooperation in the field of irrigation and water resources

On 16/6/2021, Dr. Mohamed Abdel Atty, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, and in the presence of Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, received Ms. Anne-Marie Trevelyan, British Minister of Trade and Energy and representative of the United Kingdom in charge of the file of adaptation to climate change, Dr. Abdel Aty welcomed the British Minister of Trade and Energy, stressing that this meeting reflects the keenness of the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation to enhance ways of cooperation between Egypt and Britain in the field of water resources and confronting the effects of climate change.

On 9/4/2021, Dr. Sayed Ismail, Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities, met with Geoffrey Adams, the British Ambassador in Cairo, and representatives of a British company working in the field of energy and infrastructure, to discuss ways of cooperation between the two sides in the fields of drinking water and sanitation, and to develop a vision for future opportunities for cooperation between Egypt and Britain, during the meeting, the Deputy Minister of Housing for Infrastructure Affairs reviewed the institutional structure of the drinking water and sanitation facilities sector, the policy and strategy of the sector, and the coverage ratios for water and sanitation services.  At the level of the Republic, indicating the efforts made by the Ministry of Housing to increase the coverage rates of sanitation services in rural areas, in addition to improving operational systems and the performance of service providers, and strengthening the sector's framework, the Deputy Minister of Housing also reviewed the strategic plan for desalination plants until 2050, which includes 4 main axes, to provide current and future water needs as a result of natural population increases, in addition to providing the water needs required for the development of new urban communities, and providing alternative water needs.  for surface water in coordination with all relevant ministries.

Parliamentary cooperation

In June 2014, the Friends of Egypt group was launched in the British Parliament and the formation of friendship groups is one of the ways for members of both houses of the British Parliament, who were elected by the House of Commons and those who were appointed in the House of Lords to form what is known as parliamentary bloc groups, to take care of specific countries, and this enables members to raise problems related to those countries for discussion in Parliament, and influence the policies of the British government, and the parliamentary group of Egypt was reconstituted on June 17, 2015 after the general elections in the country, which took place On the seventh of last May, and won by the Conservative Party, and elected Sir Gerald Haworth of the Conservative Party as chairman of the group, while John Spillar, former Minister of the Armed Forces for the Labour Party, assumed the position of vice president of the group, headed by Sir Gerald Haworth, former minister of the Ministry of Defense, and the membership of 44 parliamentarians, from various British parties from the House of Commons and Lords, and the list of vice-presidents of the group includes both Lord Marlesford of the Conservative Party, and the former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Michael Gibbs, and Lord David Alton, Northern Ireland Democratic Unionist Party MP Jeffrey Donaldson and former Labour Minister Stephen Tims, while Samir Takla continues as general secretary and adviser to the parliamentary group.

 


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