Saturday، 20 May 2023 - 12:24 AM
Qena is one of South Upper Egypt region's governorates that encompass Aswan, Suhag, Qena, the Red Sea, and Luxor.
Qena is an agricultural as well as an industrial governorate. It ranks first in production of sugar cane, tomatoes, bananas, sesame, and hibiscus. Total cultivated area comes to nearly 291.7 thousand feddans of which sugar cane makes up 64% and 60% of sugar production nationwide.
The governorate hosts 3 sugar factories, and one spinning and weaving factory, in addition to the Aluminum Complex which is one of the biggest industrial plants in the Middle East.
The governorate also hosts two industrial zones; the first is situated in Kalaheen at Qaft markaz (conglomeration of villages). Also, one of the most important projects is the non woven fabric factory, anti biotic factory as well as food projects and plastics industries. The second industrial zone is at Yahaw in Naggâ Hamady equipped with the needed infrastructure, where investors are welcomed to start up their projects.
Qena is also rich in many and diverse tourist attractions, including; Pharaonic monuments such as Denderah Temple which is situated on the West Bank of the Nile at 5 km from Qena city which has inscriptions and writings that dates back to Queen Cleopatra's era as well as Greek writings.
In addition to that, the governorate has Islamic shrines such as the mosques of Seedy Abdel Reheem el-Qenaé, and the Omari mosque in Qoos, as well as Coptic monasteries in Naqada markaz (conglomeration of villages).
1- The landmarks of Qena Governorate:
It is one of the most prominent features of the region, as it began with its establishment during the era of the last rulers of Rome. The Temple of Dendera is located on the western bank of the Nile River, opposite the city of Qena. The temple includes vivid scenes depicting the Roman Emperor Trajan, the ancient Egyptian goddess Hathor, as well as many other mythical stories. The delicate carvings in the 2,000-year-old temple feature stunningly vibrant original colors. The complex extends over a large area of 40,000 square meters and is surrounded by a closed wall. This area includes the main temple, the temple of Hathor, the temple of the birth of Isis, and the sacred lake, in addition to other Pharaonic and Roman ruins.
The temple includes the following:
The main temple dedicated to the goddess Hathor.
A small temple dedicated to the goddess Isis.
The place known as the sanatorium.
A church dating back to the fifth century AD.
The Mamizi, that dates back to the era of King Nectanebo from the Thirtieth Dynasty.
The Mamizi, that dates back to the era of Emperor Octavius Augustus.
One of the Roman stations on the old road between Qena and Abu Shaara on the Red Sea coast. There was a network of ancient roads that crossed the eastern desert to connect the Nile Valley and ports on the Red Sea coast and minesin the eastern desert. In Roman times, a series of stations were set up to guard and rest caravans. Passing through the desert, where there was a road from Qeft to Al-Qusayr. Three coins dating back to the fourth century AD were found, as well as pieces of ostraca dating back to the Roman era. There are two forts here, one of which is located in the valley, and the other fort is located on the top of the adjacent hill, which is about 100-150 meters north of the first fort, and at an altitude of about 40 meters from the bottom of the valley.
Qus is located on the eastern bank of the Nile to south of Qena, about 30 km. It contains a Ptolemaic temple built on the ruins of an ancient Egyptian temple and the most important goddess that was worshiped.
Temple of Seti I (Great Temple of Abydos):
Abydos is about 2.5 hours from Luxor, which is closer to Sohag Governorate, but Abydos is easier to get to from Qena Governorate and most people include it in a day tour to Dendera because it is a reasonable distance. Abydos is one of the oldest cities in ancient Egypt, and it was one of the most important religious sites for the ancient Egyptians. The ancient city site consisted of several temples, the largest and most important of which is the Temple of Seti I. Seti I died before the construction of the temple was completed, and he was the father of Ramses II. Ramses II completed the construction process.
Nagaa’ Hammady antiquities:
It is located about 55 km northwest of Qena, and about 5 km south of Nagaa’ Hammadi. It is located in the middle of the village of Ho. It is considered the capital of the seventh district of Upper Egypt, and it was called "Hout" or "Hout Sekhem".
Abdul Rahim Al-Kenawy Mosque:
Al-Qenawy Mosque was built in 1195 after the death of the famous imam who built a Sufi center in Qena. The huge mosque is located in the center of the city and has a wonderful architectural design. The sheikh settled in Qena upon his return from Mecca and taught religion there in a school he had built.
Al-Omari Mosque in Qus:
It is located in the city of Qus, and it is one of the most famous Islamic monuments in the city. It was built by Ibn Raziq al-Fatimi when he was governor of Qus. Among the artifacts in this mosque are (the pulpit and the chair), which are made of wood carved prominently, and they are among the combined fillings that began to appear in the late Fatimid era. The pulpit is one of oldest pulpits in the world.
Michael Benkada Monastery:
It is located at a distance of 2 km from Naqada, and around it are the Christian tombs, and it was once full of monks since its construction in the fourth century AD. There are two churches in the monastery, the first is the Archangel’s Church with three altars, and the second is named after the Virgin Mary.
Monastery of the Cross:
It is located 8 km southwest of Naqada and 4 km south of Deir El Malak. It is the only monastery named after the Cross in Egypt and the second church in the world after the Church of Jerusalem. In the past, it had four churches, the first named after the Cross and was demolished, and the third named after the name of the saint Amirtadros, and the fourth after the name of Pope Shenouda.
Qena is bordered by Sohag governorate in the North, by Luxor governorate in the South, by the Red Sea governorate in the East and by the New Valley governorate in the West.
Qena governorate covers an area of 9,565 square kilometers.
The population of Assiut Governorate is 3,563,368, according to statistics issued by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics, on 29/7/2022.
5- Governorate Map:
6- The governor:
Major General Pilot A.H / Ashraf Gharib Al-Dawdy
The coat of arms of Qena Governorate appears in the form of a white rectangular flag, and in the middle of the flag is the coat of arms of the governorate.
Gear: It appears in blue and symbolizes the industry within the governorate.
Dendera Temple: shown in beige to contain the preservation of a number of ancient Egyptian antiquities.
Lines in blue symbolize the Nile River, which passes through the governorates of Upper Egypt, indicating goodness and development.
8-Governorate's national day:
Qena Governorate celebrates, on the third of March of each year, its national day, 3rd March commemorating the victory of Baroud village over the Napoleon invasion in 1801. The battle that took place in the River Nile between the soldiers of the French campaign and the people of Qena in 1799.
9- Administrative division:
Qena governorate is divided into (9) centers, and they are from north to south: (Abu Chit - Farshout - Naga Hammadi - Dashna - Waqf - Qena - Qift - Qus - Naqada).