Rommel Cave is one of the natural caves in Matrouh Governorate. It is located in the mountain on the slope overlooking the beach on the island of Rommel, in front of the eastern port of the city.
The history of this cave dates back to the Roman era, where it was used as a storehouse for wheat, barley and water, for export to the Roman states. It was also used to provide ships with their needed supplies for its proximity to the sea.
German General Erwin Rommel, nicknamed the "Desert Fox", chose it to serve as his headquarters and fortress during World War II, and as an escape if conditions worsened in battle.
The cave remained deserted until 1977, when Matrouh began preparing it to be a museum. In 1999, the museum was annexed to the Supreme Council of Antiquities, but it was closed for several years for restoration and development. It reopened on August 25, 2017.