29 May 2024 03:07 AM

Al Qubba Palace

Friday، 17 November 2023 - 08:14 PM
Al Qubba Palace

One of the most important royal palaces in the era of the “Muhammad Ali Pasha” family. It was built during the reign of Khedive “Ismail” on the ruins of an old house of his father, Ibrahim Pasha.

Construction lasted 6 years, as work on its construction began in 1867 and ended in late 1872.

The palace was officially opened in January 1873 at the wedding of Prince Muhammad Tawfiq, Crown Prince of Khedive Ismail.

 The palace was later associated with the legendary weddings and celebrations of the royal family.

Al-Qubba Palace is one of the largest royal palaces in terms of area, with an area of ​​approximately 190 acres.


This palace was named after an old building from the Mamluk era known as the Dome Building. It was surrounded by a lake that was a destination for many members of large families and the upper class at the time for fishing and hiking.

The palace gardens include a rare collection of trees and plants dating back to the era of Khedive Ismail.


Description of the palace:

The Qubba palace was built by a group of Egyptian, Turkish, French, and Italian engineers in different stages until it was completed and became in its current state.

The total area of ​​Al-Qubba Palace is 792,409.34 square meters (approximately 190 acres), including an area of ​​750,495.34 square meters for roads and gardens. It contains a rare collection of trees and plants, some of which date back to the era of the palace’s construction during the reign of Khedive “Ismail.”


The length of the palace wall on the northern side is 450 metres, on the southern side it is 400 metres, and on the western and eastern sides it is 1,800 metres.


The palace has eight entrances. The palace begins on the southern side with a door leading to the main lobby of the ground floor, and is distinguished by its beautiful carvings.


The entrance is surmounted from the inside by an Egyptian pillar, and the ceiling is distinguished by picturesque gilded geometric engravings and decorations.

The Palace is distinguished by its rare possessions of French Louis XVI-style furniture, as well as a rare collection of oil paintings by the most famous and greatest international painters of that period.


The palace consists of two great floors, dominated by symmetry, and the number of rooms and halls in the palace is approximately 400 rooms and halls.


Ground floor:

It consists of "the lobby  the main salon  the ministers' salon the dining hall the royal office."

The ground floor was decorated with a rare collection of paintings by major international artists, as well as giant Belgian mirrors that adorn the walls, in addition to a group of French chandeliers made of bronze and crystal, decorated with luxurious Louis XVI-style furniture.


Upper floor:

It consists of a large lobby overlooking the main façade of the palace and its lush gardens, and on the sides of the lobby are signs containing rare pictures of international figures close to the royal family.

On the other side of the lobby, there is a large, unique armoire, which contains within it a group of musical instruments that automatically play perforated musical notes without human intervention, and are considered one of the unique pieces in the world.


The lobby is connected to the residence suites via a suspended bridge made of white marble and bronze.

The sides of the residence suites are decorated with a rare group of statues and pieces of furniture made of colored and decorated wood inlaid with tortoiseshell, in addition to a group of rare oil paintings.




Architectural Design:


The total area of ​​Al-Qubba Palace is 792,409.34 square meters (approximately 190 acres), including an area of ​​750,495.34 square meters for roads and gardens.

It contains a rare collection of trees and plants, some of which date back to the era of the palace’s construction during the reign of Khedive “Ismail.”



Egyptian, Turkish, French, and Italian engineers participated in building and decorating the palace, and it was built in the classical style that was prevalent in that era.

Care was taken in choosing the palace's furniture and rare antiques to combine Western, Eastern, Arab, and Chinese art.


Historical events:

King Fouad I made it his residence since 1925.

The palace witnessed many weddings of princes and kings of the family, including the marriage of King Farouk to Queen Farida in January 1938.

The funeral of King Fouad was held from the palace in 1936, and during his reign, it and the Abdeen Palace were considered among the main palaces of the government.

The palace also witnessed the first recorded speech for Egyptian Radio by King Farouk from inside this palace on May 8, 1936 after his return from England following the death of his father, King Fouad.

The Palace was the residence of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, after his political asylum in Egypt in 1979.


Archaeological recording:

The Egyptian Gazette (Official Gazette Supplement) published - in its issue issued on Thursday, September 27, 2018 - a decision by the Minister of Antiquities, Khaled Al-Anani, to register Al-Qubba Palace and its annexes in Cairo Governorate among the Islamic and Coptic monuments.


Presidential Residence:

After the July Revolution of 1952, Al-Qubba Palace became one of the important presidential palaces in Egypt to receive delegations and presidents from all over the world, and President Gamal Abdel Nasser used to receive official visitors to Egypt.


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