Egypt and the African Union
Monday، 20 July 2009 - 12:00 AM
Egypt is one of the founding Member States of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in May, 1963. Egypt considered the OAU as the organization that defends Africa's unity, embraces its solidarity and expresses its voice at the international arena. Egypt's role in preserving the spirit of the OAU Charter was prominent from the first African summit hosted on its land in July, 1964.
Egypt participated in all the OAU meetings and played prominent roles in calling for Namibia's independence, opposing racial discrimination, making mediation efforts, settling disputes, solving economic problems and settling the accumulated debts of the developing countries.
The need for activating the OAU appeared to face the political, economic and global developments. Therefore, in September 1999, the leaders of the OAU Member States issued a joint declaration in their summit in Sirte, Libya, which was known as "Sirte Declaration". In that declaration, they called for establishing the African Union (AU), which replaced the OAU, to enable Africa to play an influential role in the global economy which only recognizes major blocs.