29 May 2024 03:22 AM

oasis

Tuesday، 21 November 2023 - 10:18 PM
oasis

The oasis is low in the desert with springs, wells, and trees that reflect the beauty and charm of nature, embracing the desert, green valleys, water springs, and high plateaus.

There are quite a few of them in Egypt in the Western Desert, the most important of which are Fayoum - Kharga - Dakhla - Paris - Farafra - Bahriya - and Siwa.


Kharga Oasis: The capital of the New Valley Governorate, located 232 km south of Assiut, and is characterized by many antiquities, springs, and tourist attractions, such as the Fish Pond, located in the south of the village of Bulaq, and the cold and hot sulfur springs and wells, one of which reaches 43 degrees and is used in the treatment of rheumatism, stomach, cold, and allergy diseases. It is dry, as the humidity does not exceed 9.5% in most periods of the year, and with its warm sunny weather, which qualifies it to be a healthy winter destination.


Historical Sites: The Hibis Temple dates back to the family 26 BC and was built to worship the Holy Trinity (Amun Ra - Mut - Khonsu), and the tombs of Al-Bajwat (vaults) include 263 structures in the form of domes with a church in the middle. The Holy Trinity (Amun Ra - Mut - Khonsu) and dates back to the family in 27 BC. It was built by the Ptolemies (Ptolemy III - IV and X), and the Zayan Temple, 25 km to the south, was built in the Roman era, and the monastery, which is one of the ancient fortresses built in the Roman era to protect The caravan road in Darb Al-Arbaeen, about 30 km north of Al-Kharga city


Dakhla Oasis: It is considered the second capital of the governorate, and its capital is (Mutt), and it is located 200 km northwest of Al-Kharga.


Mott Wells: The temperature in them reaches 43 degrees Celsius, and the depth of one of them reaches 1224 m.

There is a circular swimming pool and tourist rest houses equipped with tourist services.


Ain Al-Qasr Pharaonic Wells: Its temperature reaches 45 degrees Celsius.


Historical Sites :

Mut and there are cemeteries dating back to the Sixth Dynasty BC, built in the form of terraces, and Bashandi, a village built in the Pharaonic style located 40 km east of Mut.

There is an Islamic cemetery and other Roman tombs, the most important of which is the cemetery of Kitanos Bar-de-Pasnet and Ba-Osir, and it is located 35 km away


-Balat Islamic Village: It dates back to the Turkish era and is still populated.

-The Pharaonic Village of Balat: Tombs built in the form of terraces dating back to the 6th family BC, including a Greek cemetery.

-Deir Al Hajar Temple: It dates back to the Roman era and has inscriptions representing religious life. It was built for his worshipers Amun and his wife Mut.

-Islamic Palace Village: It dates back to the Ayyubid era, and it has a three-storey wooden minaret with a height of 21 meters.

 There are also wooden thresholds on which Quranic verses are written.

-Balat Islamic Village: It  dates back to the Turkish era and is still populated.

-The Pharaonic Village of Balat: Tombs built in the form of terraces dating back to the 6th family BC, including a Greek cemetery.

-Deir Al Hajar Temple: Dates back to the Roman era and has inscriptions representing religious life. It was built for his worshipers Amun and his wife Mut.


-Islamic Palace Village : It dates back to the Ayyubid era, and it has a three-storey wooden minaret with a height of 21 meters.

There are also wooden thresholds on which Quranic verses are written.

Paris Oasis:

It is located at south of Kharga, about 90 km. It contains the Dosh Temple, which was built for the worship of Serapis in the Roman era. There is a Turkish castle built of mud bricks, as well as an old church and some pottery vessels dating back to the

Coptic era.

Farafra Oasis:

It is located 320 km northwest of Dakhla, 170 km south of Bahariya Oasis. It can be suitable for car tourism and safari on the ring road that connects them. There is the Farafra Palace built with mud bricks, and the Abu Minqar Palace, which are the remains of buildings dating back to the Roman era.


Siwa Oasis:

It is characterized by the beauty of nature, the abundance of palm and olive trees, natural water springs, and the mountains surrounding the oasis.


It is located 360 km southwest of Marsa Matrouh and 627 km from Cairo.

There are several archaeological monuments dating back to the Pharaonic and Roman eras. Its climate is continental, very cold in winter, very hot in summer, and mild in spring and autumn.


 -The most important tourist and archaeological attractions: Amun temple is located at the east of Siwa city, and the Mountain of the Dead includes pharaonic tombs dating back to the 26th dynasty, as well as the group in which Alexander the Great  has been crowned by  the royal family. The oasis with its white sands in Jabal Dakrour, which is suitable for making sand baths for rheumatism patients.

-The most important springs and wells: Cleopatra's bath was described by Herodotus, Baiat al-Shams, Ain al-Arayes, Fatnas, Mullul, Tanghazi Zaqawah, the mother-in-law


-Bahariya Oasis: It is located 360 km southwest of Giza and 180 km west of Assiut. Its climate is mild in summer and winter. It has mountains, valleys, olive trees, and internally 268 sulfur and mineral springs, in addition to the Pharaonic and Roman ruins in the Qusayr and Babouti regions. There are also some places for hunting ducks, gazelles, and migratory birds.


 -Places of residence: There are chalets in the governorate, and there is a swimming pool and a commercial market that can be reached through Giza or Farafra Oasis.


-Therapeutic Tourism: Sulfur and mineral springs has been spread there . It has been characterized by their unique chemical composition, which places them in the rank of the greatest sulfur and mineral springs in the world, in addition to the availability of silt in the pools of these springs, with its therapeutic properties that cure many diseases of the digestive and respiratory system, skin diseases, etc.

Most of these springs has been found in the Fayyoum oases; Kharga ;Dakhla ; Farafra; Bahriya; Siwa and Oyoun Qattara Depression.


-Car tourism between the oases: The link between the oases had an effective impact in attracting the car tourist who takes the road to the oases from Cairo to Bahariya and from there to Farafra, then Dakhla to Kharga to Assiut back to Cairo, enjoying watching the beautiful oases on a long journey.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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