20 April 2024 01:15 PM

Isra and Mi’raj

Thursday، 15 October 2015 - 12:00 AM

The Isra and Mi'raj are the two parts of a Night Journey that, according to Islamic tradition, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) took during a single night around the year 11 and 12 Hejri. It has been described as both a physical and spiritual journey.

In the journey, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) travels on the steed Buraq to "al-Aqsa Mosque" where he leads other prophets in prayer. He then ascends to heaven where he speaks to God, who gives Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) instructions to take back to the faithful regarding the details of prayer.

According to traditions, the journey is associated with the Lailat al-Mi'raj, as one of the most significant events in the Islamic calendar.

As in Sura Al-Isra "Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings, we have blessed, to show him of our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing(1).

The Night Journey started with the appearance of the Angel Gabriel (who had been bringing the revelation of the Qur'an). The angel led Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to a white mule with wings attached to its thighs. This mule had carried both of them. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) got on and went high into the sky.

He arrived at al-Aqsa Mosque where he met many prophets including Ibrahim, Musa and Youssef. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was asked to lead them in prayer and he did.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) passed through seven heavenly realms. In the First Sky he saw Adam being shown the souls of his descendents both good and bad. In the Second Sky he saw Yehia and Issa. In the Third Sky he saw Youssef. In the Fourth Sky he saw Idris, the prophet from before the flood. In the Fifth Sky he saw Harun. In the Sixth Sky Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) met Musa. In the Seventh Sky Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) saw Ibrahim.

God told him the importance of regular prayers. On the way back Musa asked how many prayers had been commanded and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said fifty a day. Musa told him to go back to God and get the number cut. God reduced the number to ten a day but Musa again said this was too many. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) returned and they were reduced to five times a day. Musa said this was still too many, but Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) told Musa he would be too embarrassed to return to God again.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) returned to Mekkah, where he described his journey to his followers.


 

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