Egypt and Yemen
Tuesday، 14 March 2023 04:52 PM
The Republic of Yemen is located in the south of the Arabian Peninsula in the southwest of the continent of Asia, bordered to the north by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to the south by the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden, to the east by the Sultanate of Oman, and to the west by the Red Sea .
After June 30, 2013, Revolution, Egypt was keen on the return of joint Arab action as a basis for solving the problems of the Arab region. Egypt believes that Arab national security is closely related to Egyptian national security. Egypt is always affirming that Gulf security is an integral part of its national security. Egypt has participated in the Decisive Storm operation upon the request of the recognized Yemeni President, Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi .
On the Yemeni crisis, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi affirmed that a united, capable, just and modern state is the only way to overcome crises and achieve the legitimate aspirations in Yemen and all the Arab peoples .
After the Yemeni Revolution in February 2011, the Egyptian position was always based on supporting Yemen's territorial integrity and welcoming all UN and Security Council resolutions on Yemen, as well as supporting a peaceful settlement and national dialogue to reach a consensual solution .
The most important stations of political relations
On 12/11/2022, in a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Egypt condemned in the strongest terms the brutal attack carried out by the Houthi group through drones on the commercial port of Qena in Shabwa Governorate in brotherly Yemen, Egypt again held the Houthi group responsible for obstructing the extension of the truce, and the current escalation in Yemen, stressing the need for the group to abandon its intransigent positions and respond immediately to international and regional efforts to extend the truce, in a way that paves the way for a permanent ceasefire and paves the way for efforts to Political settlement and alleviation of the suffering of the brotherly Yemeni people, The statement also stressed Egypt's firm support for Yemen's unity and sovereignty over its territory and its full solidarity with it in the face of all threats.
On 2/11/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with Mr. Rashad Al-Elaimy, Chairman of the Yemeni Presidential Leadership Council, on the sidelines of his participation in the Arab Summit in Algiers.The President stressed the strength of the historical relations that unite the two countries, the government and people, and the firm Egyptian position towards supporting the unity and sovereignty of the brotherly Yemeni state and the integrity of its national institutions, stressing Egypt's readiness to support the security and stability of Yemen, which are of great importance to Egyptian national security, within the framework of the security of the Arab region and the Red Sea region, which Mr. Rashad Alami expressed appreciation for Egypt's positions in support of the security and stability of Yemen and the regional environment as a whole, reviewing the developments in his country, the government's efforts to restore peace and stability, and the challenges facing the brotherly Yemeni people as a result of the deteriorating humanitarian situation.
On 22/10/2022, Egypt condemned in the strongest terms the brutal attack carried out by the Houthi group with two drones on the Al-Dhaba oil port in the city of Mukalla in the governorate of Hadramawt, southeast Yemen, Egypt held the Houthi group responsible for the current escalation in Yemen, and obstructing efforts to renew the truce, stressing the need for the group to abandon its intransigent positions and respond immediately to international and regional efforts to renew the truce, in a way that paves the way for a permanent ceasefire and pave the way for political settlement efforts and alleviating the suffering The statement also warned of the consequences of any party exploiting the current international conditions to fuel the conflict in Yemen, threaten the security and stability of the region and shipping routes, or try to acquire the economic capabilities of the brotherly Yemeni people. He stressed Egypt's firm support for Yemen's unity and sovereignty over its territory and its full solidarity with it in the face of all threats.
On 20/9/2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry received the US envoy to Yemen, "Tim Lenderking", at the headquarters of the Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations in New York, the meeting dealt with the latest developments in Yemen, where the Foreign Minister reviewed the Egyptian efforts to contribute to the consolidation of the truce reached by the Yemeni parties last April, stressing Egypt's continued support for the brothers in Yemen and exerting all efforts with the aim of settling the Yemeni crisis and reducing the humanitarian burdens on the Yemeni people, based on the historical relations between the two brotherly countries, Shoukry stressed During the meeting, they stressed the importance of preserving the unity of the Yemeni people and Yemen's sovereignty and territorial integrity within the framework of efforts to settle the crisis.
On 4/8/2022, Egypt welcomed the statement issued by the United Nations Special Envoy to Yemen, which included the announcement of the renewal of the truce in Yemen for an additional two months, and expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the United Nations in this regard .
On 12/6/2022, Dr. Rashad Al-Elaimy, Chairman of the Presidential Leadership Council of the Republic of Yemen, visited Egypt, received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, congratulated President El-Sisi Dr. Rashad on assuming his duties, and wished him success in facing the challenges facing Yemen, and moving forward with the political process with sincere intentions aimed at the interest of Yemen in the first place, in order to reach a sustainable solution that ends the suffering of the brotherly Yemeni people and meets their aspirations, and President El-Sisi also stressed the strength of the historical relations that unite the two countries, the government and people, and the readiness of Egypt to provide its expertise to support the unity and sovereignty of the brotherly Yemeni state and the integrity of its national institutions, stressing that the security and stability of Yemen is of paramount importance to Egyptian national security, within the framework of the security of the Arab region and the Red Sea region, the meeting witnessed a discussion of ways of joint cooperation between the two countries in the framework of enhancing security in the Red Sea, as well as exchanging visions on a number of issues related to bilateral relations and ways to provide support to the Yemeni side to enable it to overcome the current crisis. Egypt's readiness to enhance the qualification and support provided to prepare Yemeni cadres in various fields, as well as Egypt's continued support for international efforts to overcome the humanitarian and living crisis in Yemen, as well as the development of its infrastructure, Dr. Rashad Al-Elaimy expressed appreciation for Egypt's firm positions in support of the security and stability of Yemen and the regional environment as a whole, pointing to Yemen's aspiration to intensify joint cooperation between the two countries at various levels during the coming period, the Chairman of the Yemeni Presidential Leadership Council reviewed the developments in his country, and the government's efforts To restore peace and stability, and the challenges facing the brotherly Yemeni people as a result of the deterioration of the humanitarian situation, Al-Elaimy praised the care and good treatment received by the Yemeni community in Egypt, expressing the aspiration for Yemen to benefit from the Egyptian experience in the process of reconstruction, construction and development, explaining that the Egyptian experience during the past years is unique and inspiring for the whole Arab world, both at the level of project completion rates in all fields, as well as for Egypt's political handling of all crises in the region in a wise and balanced manner, which is dealing Which comes as an extension of the original national policies and orientations adopted by Egypt towards the strategic issues of the Arab and Islamic nations .
On 7/4/2022, Egypt followed with great interest the development of the establishment of a presidential leadership council in Yemen to complete the implementation of the tasks of the transitional phase in brotherly Yemen, and to delegate it with all the powers of the President of the Republic in accordance with the constitution, the Gulf initiative, and its executive mechanisms.
On 1/4/2022, Egypt welcomed the statement issued by the United Nations Special Envoy to Yemen, which included the announcement of a two-month truce starting from April 2, 2022.
On 23/12/2021, Ambassador Ahmed Farouk, Egypt's non-resident ambassador to Yemen, met with Dr. Maeen Abdul Malik, Yemeni Prime Minister, the two sides discussed bilateral relations between the two countries, and political and field developments on the Yemeni arena, the Yemeni Prime Minister thanked Egypt for its supportive role for the Yemeni government in various fields and the level of coordination between the two countries .
On 28/10/2021, the Ambassador of Yemen to Cairo, Dr. Muhammad Ali Maram, praised the distinguished historical relations between Egypt and Yemen in various fields and the authentic and honorable positions adopted by Egypt under the leadership of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, along with the Yemeni people, who are waging their constitutional legitimacy under the leadership of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, President of the Republic and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, a relentless war against the Houthis .
On 10/10/2021, Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly and his Yemeni counterpart, Dr. Maeen Abdel Malik, chaired, at the headquarters of the Egyptian Council of Ministers, an expanded session of talks to discuss ways to enhance cooperation relations between the two countries, in the presence of the Ministers of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Planning and Economic Development, International Cooperation, Health and Population, and Communications and Information Technology. The Yemeni delegation included the Ministers of Planning and International Cooperation, Communications and Information Technology, Oil and Minerals, Transport, and Public Health and Population. The talks were also attended by a number of officials of the two countries, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly stressed that Egypt believes that a political solution is the best way to the Yemeni crisis, and rejects attempts to impose a fait accompli by force, as well as attempts to prejudice the freedom and security of navigation in the Arabian Gulf and the Bab al-Mandab Strait, and stresses the need not to prejudice this vital navigational artery that affects regional and international security and stability, stressing in this regard, Egypt's keenness to coordinate efforts between the countries bordering the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden in the process of Securing navigation through the Bab al-Mandab Strait, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly pointed out that Egypt supports all efforts aimed at reaching a comprehensive political solution to the Yemeni crisis in a way that guarantees the unity, sovereignty and independence of Yemen, meets the aspirations of the Yemeni people and ends their humanitarian suffering, in accordance with the basic references of the crisis, which are the Gulf initiative, the outcomes of the national dialogue in 2013, and the relevant Security Council resolutions, especially resolution 2216, in addition to its support for the efforts of the UN envoy to Yemen to reach a comprehensive political solution. For his part, he praised The Prime Minister of Yemen with the relations of cooperation and brotherhood that bind Egypt and Yemen, stressing that Yemenis owe Egypt the concept of a modern state, and the support that the brothers in Egypt have always provided to Yemen and its people.
On 3/10/2021, the Vice President of the Republic of Yemen, Lieutenant General Ali Mohsen Saleh, met with the Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt to Sana'a, Ambassador Ahmed Farouk, to discuss developments on the national scene and ways to strengthen bilateral relations between the two brotherly countries, where the Vice President praised the strength of brotherly relations between the two brotherly countries and peoples, and the sincere brotherly role of Egypt's leadership, government and people, and their firm positions towards Yemen, its republic, security, unity, stability and territorial integrity in the various stations that the country has gone through, and the Vice President touched on the positive results The fruitful of the continuous communication between the governments of the two countries, and the reception of President Field Marshal Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi to the Yemeni Minister of Defense, and meetings with a number of Egyptian officials, all of which come as an extension of Egypt's noble brotherly positions engraved in the memory of the Yemeni people, and the position of the Vice President, the Egyptian ambassador, in the picture of the situation in the country as a result of the continuation of the Iranian-backed Houthi coup and the tragedies and great damage that this has produced on aspects of security and stability in the country, the region and the world in general, reaffirming the permanent support for legitimacy For all efforts aimed at establishing a lasting peace based on the three references, in return for the continued Houthi intransigence and the doubling of the threats of the Houthi militias to Yemen, the brothers in the Kingdom, waterways and international navigation, with the support and funding of Tehran and its militias in the region, for his part, the Egyptian ambassador stressed Egypt's support for legitimacy and its firm positions in support of Yemen's security and stability and the establishment of lasting peace in order to achieve the aspirations of the Yemeni people and end their suffering, pointing to the bonds of love, cooperation and brotherhood that unite the two brotherly countries and peoples .
On 20/9/2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received the Yemeni Minister of Defense, Mohamed Ali Al-Maqdashi, in Cairo, where President El-Sisi affirmed Egypt's support for a political solution to the Yemeni crisis, and that Egypt will spare no effort to help brotherly Yemen achieve its goals, and Al-Maqdashi conveyed the greetings of Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi to President Sisi, praising the cooperation relations between Egypt and Yemen in all fields, especially at the military and security levels, and expressed his country's aspiration for Egypt's continued support for political efforts to contain the situation. In Yemen and ending the humanitarian crisis in it.
On 28/9/2020, Egypt welcomed a prisoner exchange agreement signed ٍSunday between the Yemeni government and the Houthi group to immediately release 1,081 conflict-related detainees. Egypt commended the keen efforts exerted by the UN special envoy for Yemen and the International Committee of the Red Cross to strike the deal. Egypt called upon the parties involved to promptly implement of the prisoner swap deal in line with the provisions of the Stockholm Agreement, signed in December 2018 by the warring parties in Yemen, to support confidence-building measures and bring about a political settlement to the extended crisis in the conflict-torn country .
On 20/7/2020, Ambassador Nabila Makram Abdel Shaheed, Minister of State for Immigration and Egyptians Abroad Affairs, received Dr. Alawi Bafaqih, Yemeni Minister of Expatriates, to discuss joint cooperation and exchange of experiences in immigration and expatriate files, within the framework of bilateral talks between Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, Prime Minister and his Yemeni counterpart, Dr. Maeen Abdel Malik, which aim to further bilateral cooperation between the two countries in a number of important files, including the file of expatriates and migrants .
On 9/7/2020, Egyptian Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Yemen Ahmed Farouk handed over a letter from Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouli to Yemeni Prime Minister Maeen Abdulmalik. The letter included an invitation to visit Cairo as soon as possible for consultations and discussions over the best way to boost mutual relations. Abdulmalik hailed Egypt’s support to Yemen and expressed his keenness on visiting Egypt to discuss boosting ties. Farouk also met with Yemeni Speaker of Parliament Sultan al-Barakani as they discussed the implementation of Riyadh agreement to end the Yemeni crisis. During the meeting, Barakani hailed Egypt’s role and support to Yemen and Yemeni expatriates in Egypt .
- On 23/6/2020, Egypt welcomed an announcement by the Saudi-led Coalition to Support legitimacy in Yemen that the legitimate Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council have approved a comprehensive ceasefire and stopping of escalations in Yemen. Egypt also welcomed the stance by the two sides approving to participate in a meeting in Saudi Arabia to discuss means of implementing the Riyadh Agreement. Egypt also appreciated efforts made by Saudi Arabia for supporting the Yemeni people and expressed confidence that these efforts will lead to resuming the political process by the Yemeni parties for reaching a political solution to the Yemeni crisis. The Foreign Ministry confirmed in its statement Egypt's support for all efforts that are aimed at achieving peace, security and stability in Yemen and guarantees its unity .
On 27/4/2020, Egypt underscored the importance of adhering to all articles related to the Riyadh Agreement on Yemen and nulling out any step-in contrary to the accord. The Foreign Ministry hailed, in a statement, the Coalition to Restore Legitimacy in Yemen's statement on the Saudi brokered agreement. Egypt also called for accelerating the implementation of the agreements' articles favoring the Yemeni people's interests as well as efforts meant to restore the country's sovereignty and eradicate all terror groups, according to the statement. Moreover, Egypt reinstated support to Saudi Arabia and the UAE in them pursue to maintain peace and stability in Yemen, the statement said .
On 10/4/2020, Egypt, in a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, welcomed the announcement by the Coalition to Support Legitimacy in Yemen, led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, of a comprehensive ceasefire in Yemen as of 9/4/2020 .
On 9/3/2020, Eng. Ahmed bin Ahmed Al-Maysari, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior of Yemen, headed a delegation of his assistants, visited Egypt, during which he was received by Major General Mahmoud Tawfiq, Minister of Interior, and the two sides stressed during the meeting the need to continue coordination and consultation on security issues of common interest through the relevant communication channels .
On 19/2/2020, the Vice President of Yemen, Lieutenant General Ali Mohsen Saleh Al-Ahmar, said during his meeting with the Egyptian Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Ahmed Farouk, that Egypt and Yemen have brotherly relations, praising Egypt's historical positions towards Yemen and its people, especially in difficult times, and the price of "red", the support of the Egyptian people for their brothers in Yemen and the support of the Egyptian leadership led by Field Marshal Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi for Yemen and its hospitality and reception of Yemenis in light of these critical conditions in Yemen and Egypt's role in supporting legitimacy within countries The coalition, which comes as an extension of its position and its contribution to the success of the eternal September 26 revolution, also valued the support of the brothers in the countries of the coalition to support the legitimacy led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its sincere brotherly positions towards Yemen and Yemenis, according to the Yemeni News Agency, and stressed that the bonds of love and cooperation between the two countries will remain strong and will remain engraved in the memory and conscience of the Yemeni people and their leadership .
On 4/10/2018, Ambassador Mohamed El-Badry, Assistant Foreign Minister of Egypt for Arab Affairs, discussed with Dr. Mohamed Maram, Ambassador of Yemen in Cairo, several files in the Arab region, foremost of which are bilateral relations between Egypt and Yemen, the current situation and the latest developments in Yemen, Ambassador Mohamed El-Badry praised the long-standing historical relations between the two countries and stressed the Egyptian position in supporting Yemen and the legitimate government led by President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi to get rid of the Houthi coup group, and restore stability in Yemen through joint work in organizations The international community and the United Nations .
On 13/8/2018, President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, President of Yemen, visited Egypt, during which he was received by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, and the two sides discussed joint cooperation between the two countries to enhance the protection of maritime navigation in the Red Sea and the Bab al-Mandab Strait, to avoid being negatively affected by the current situation in Yemen, and the meeting also dealt with a number of issues related to bilateral relations between the two countries and ways to provide support to the Yemeni side to enable it to overcome the crisis it is going through .
On 29 /4/2018 Abdel Malek El mekhlafy-Yemeni foreign minister was received in Egypt by foreign ministry Sameh Shoukry, and they discussed the distinctive bilateral relations between the two countries and the Egyptian stand supporting the Yemeni brothers in their current hard times. This is highly reflected in the types of assistance Egypt offered to the Yemeni People represented in medicines, medical equipments and vaccines. The two countries assessed the recent political situation and power balance in Yemen in general .
On 15/4/2018, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met on the sidelines of the Arab Summit held in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi.During the meeting, they discussed the latest developments in Yemen, where the President affirmed Egypt's firm position in support of the legitimate government in Yemen, and its support for the unity and territorial integrity of the Yemeni state, as well as Egypt's continued efforts to alleviate the human suffering of the people of Yemen and provide them with support, the Yemeni President expressed his gratitude for the positions of the Egyptian government and people in support of the Yemeni people. and its legitimacy at this crucial stage, expressing his aspiration for further cooperation that advances the historical relations between the two countries.
On 3/4/2018, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received today a phone call from Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, the Yemeni President congratulated the President on winning a second presidential term, and the election results reflected the confidence that his sovereignty enjoys among the Egyptian people. The Yemeni President also expressed appreciation for the positions of the Egyptian government and people in support of Yemen, especially at this delicate stage it is going through, stressing his aspiration to advance and develop the distinguished bilateral relations between the two countries, for his part, the President expressed his sincere thanks to President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, stressing Egypt's position in support of Yemen, its stability and territorial integrity, and expressing keenness to continue coordination between the two sides to reflect the close and historical relations that unite them at all levels.
On 18/7/2017, the United Nations envoy to Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, visited Egypt, where he was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the two sides discussed the latest developments and developments in the Yemeni arena, and the efforts exerted to reach a solution to the current crisis.
On 22/12/2016, Abdul Malik Al-Mikhlafi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yemen, paid a visit to Egypt, during which he was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the two sides exchanged views on relations with the new US administration.
On 1/11/2016, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, who expressed his country's appreciation for Egypt's positions in support of the legitimate government in Yemen, especially during the Security Council meeting held yesterday. The President of Yemen also stressed the centrality of Egypt's role as the main pillar of the security and stability of the region, expressing his aspiration for Egypt to continue its support for Yemen and intensify cooperation between the two countries at all levels during the coming period. He wished the brotherly Yemeni people all peace and stability.
On 18/9/2016, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received at his residence in New York City the Yemeni President / Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, the President stressed during the meeting the close relations and historical ties between Egypt and Yemen at the official and popular levels, wishing the brotherly Yemeni people all peace, stability and progress. The President affirmed Egypt's support for brotherly Yemen and its continued support for the legitimate government and President Hadi, noting Egypt's keenness to support the efforts of the stability, unity and territorial integrity of the Yemeni state. The President also pointed to the importance of following up on the results of the joint committee between the two countries held in Cairo, which contributes to advancing bilateral cooperation in various sectors. His Excellency stressed the importance of continuing close consultation between the two sides within the framework of the Security Council and other international forums, stressing the need to continue the negotiations sponsored by the United Nations in pursuit of a political solution to the Yemeni crisis in accordance with the decisions of international legitimacy, for his part, Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi expressed his country's appreciation for Egypt's positions in support of the legitimate government in Yemen, whether within the framework of the Arab coalition or by defending Yemen's interests in the Security Council and forums. International. The President of Yemen also stressed the centrality of Egypt's role as the main pillar of the security and stability of the region, pointing to his country's aspiration for Egypt to continue its support for Yemen and intensify cooperation between the two countries at all levels during the coming period, and the President of Yemen reviewed the developments in his country, pointing to the Yemeni government's keenness to restore peace and stability in Yemen and adhere to its unity and territorial integrity, the meeting dealt with a number of issues related to bilateral relations between the two countries and ways to support the Yemeni side to enable it to overcome its current crisis. As well as ways to intensify consultation and coordination between the two sides in international organizations and forums, especially in the Security Council.
On 28 / 8 /2016, Major General Hussein Mohamed Arab –deputy prime minister and minister of Interior visited Egypt and he was received by the Egyptian minister of interior M.G Magdy Abdel Ghaffar. They discussed the continuity of communication and coordination regarding the exchange of information on terrorist entities .
On 15 / 8 /2016, Dr. Ahmed Ebeid Bin Dagher,prime minister of Yemen headed a delegation comprising ministers of interior, tourism, health and immigrates' affairs visited Egypt and they were received by president Abdel Fattah El Sisi. They handled by discussion issues of mutual concern on bilateral relations and means to intensify consultation and coordination between the two countries .
On 24/12/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Abdel Malik Al-Mikhlafi, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Yemen, in the presence of Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and from the Yemeni side, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Representative to the League of Arab States, Chargé d'Affaires of the Embassy of Yemen in Cairo, Al-Mikhlafi conveyed a message to the President from Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, in which he expressed the appreciation and pride of the Yemeni leadership and people for Egypt's historical role in supporting Yemen and its appreciated and continuous endeavors to defend about Yemen and the protection of its national security, which is an essential part of Arab national security. The message also included praising the major national projects launched by Egypt recently, and expressing sincere wishes for Egypt all the best and prosperity and continuing its pivotal role in supporting peace efforts in Yemen and the region, especially after it regained its distinguished position as a strategic pillar of security and stability within its regional environment, and in light of its expected membership in the Security Council, for his part, the President requested to convey his greetings and appreciation to the Yemeni President, referring to the historical relations and brotherly ties that unite the two countries. The President affirmed Egypt's keenness to lay the foundations of security and stability in brotherly Yemen, stressing the constants of the Egyptian position in support of the Yemeni state, its unity and territorial integrity, the meeting witnessed a discussion on the developments of the situation in Yemen and the results of the recent talks in Geneva, where the President affirmed Egypt's support for all efforts aimed at overcoming Yemen's current crisis and reaching the desired consensus between the various political parties in order to stop the conflict, and to miss the opportunity for the opposing parties that tamper with the capabilities of the brotherly Yemeni people and their future, and affirmed The President stressed the importance of adhering to the principles of a political solution on the basis of the Gulf Initiative and its executive mechanism, the relevant Security Council resolutions, and the outcome of the negotiations sponsored by the United Nations, as all of them are the only way to resolve the current crisis in Yemen, and the President pointed to Egypt's keenness to provide all forms of support and assistance to Yemen, and to ensure the freedom and safety of maritime navigation in the Red Sea, including the security of the Bab al-Mandab Strait.
On 10/11/2015, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, during his participation in the Fourth Summit of Arab and South American Countries in Riyadh, met with the President of Yemen, "Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi". The meeting dealt with the developments of the ongoing negotiations between the Yemeni parties under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva, as well as the latest developments in the field situation in Yemen. The President affirmed Egypt's support for the brotherly Yemeni people, expressing his hope that the negotiations will result in a solution that ends the conflict in Yemen and alleviates the suffering of the Yemeni people. For his part, the President of Yemen expressed his country's appreciation for Egypt's support for the legitimate government, praising Egypt's efforts to establish security and stability in the region.
On 5/8/2015, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi who is currently in Egypt to take part in the inauguration of the New Suez Canal .
On 12/7/2015, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Yemeni Vice President Khaled Bahah. Attending the meeting were the Yemeni ministers of planning, international cooperation, human rights and interior along with the Yemeni delegate to the Arab League. Sisi affirmed Egypt's constant support for Yemen and all the efforts exerted to preserve Yemen's security and stability .
On 17/6/2015, Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab received his Yemeni counterpart Khalid Bahah. During a meeting, Mahlab called for resuming sessions of the joint higher committee to bolster bilateral relations in all fields .
On 23/5/2015, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Yemeni President Abdel Rabou Mansour Hadi's personal envoy in the presence of Yemen's Permanent Delegate to the Arab League Ambassador Mohammad Al Haisami. The President stressed profound relations binding Egypt and Yemen at both the popular and official levels .
On 27/3/2015, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi who arrived in Sharm El Sheikh to take part in the 26th meeting of the Arab summit .
On 16/1/2015, Abdullah Al-Saidi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yemen, visited Egypt, where he was received by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi at the headquarters of the Presidency of the Republic, and Al-Saidi delivered a letter to President Al-Sisi from Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour bearing an emphasis on the strength of bilateral relations between the two countries, and looking forward to strengthening them at all levels, and the message also dealt with the most prominent political and security developments in Yemen .
On 21/12/2014, Dr. Ezzedine Al-Asbahi, Yemeni Minister of Human Rights, visited Egypt and was received by Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, where Shoukry stressed that Egypt is ready to provide training, technical support and capacity building to state institutions in Yemen, stressing the importance of achieving security and stability in Yemen and facing any deterioration of the security situation in it and slipping into a state of instability with the need to preserve Yemen's unity and territorial integrity.
- On 7/9/2014, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with his Yemeni counterpart Jamal Al-Sallal on the sidelines of the Ministerial Council of the League of Arab States. During the meeting, Sallal conveyed the greetings of Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi to his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
. Egyptian-Yemeni relations during the era of the late President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian-Yemeni relations during the era of the late President Hosni Mubarak witnessed strong ties between the two brotherly countries, as there were strong brotherly relations between President Mubarak and President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
President Ali Abdullah Saleh said: We in the Republic of Yemen, the leadership, government and people, highly value Egypt's stances and leadership in favour of Yemen, its security, stability and unity. This is not strange for Egypt, which has always stood by its brothers in Yemen in the darkest circumstances and twists. Also, the Yemeni blood mixed with Egyptian blood on the soil of Yemen In defense of the Yemeni revolution.
President Mubarak visited Yemen in 1988, where he was received by President Ali Abdullah Saleh, the two presidents discussed ways to support bilateral relations between the two countries.
On February 18, 1991, President Mubarak visited Yemen, received by President Ali Abdullah Saleh, and the two presidents discussed developments in the Gulf War and the Iraqi initiative.
The year 2004 witnessed the beginning of a new phase in the relations between the two countries after the visit of the Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh to Cairo on 10/2/2004, where he was received by President Mubarak. The two heads of state settled some pending issues, including the issue of terrorism and the extradition of extremist elements.
On June 27, 2007, President Ali Abdullah Saleh visited Egypt at the invitation of President Hosni Mubarak. The talks focused on the distinguished brotherly relations between the two countries and the means of developing and expanding areas of bilateral cooperation in a way that serves the common interests of the two brotherly countries. The two presidents, also, discussed the developments in the Arab arena, especially those in Palestine, Iraq, Darfur, Lebanon and Somalia.
On November 10, 2007, President Ali Abdullah Saleh visited Egypt, in response to President Mubarak's invitation to participate in the opening ceremony of the 11th Pan Arab Games that took place in Cairo, Egypt from 11 to 25, 2007. The two presidents held talks on ways to strengthen relations and areas of Joint cooperation between the two brotherly countries, in addition to consultation and exchange of views regarding the current Arab developments as well as regional and international developments that concern the Arab nation.
On October 2nd, 2008, President Ali Abdullah Saleh visited Egypt, where he was received by President Mubarak, and the two sides discussed developments in the Middle East region and ways to boost relations between the two countries.
On April 19, 2010, President Ali Abdullah Saleh visited Egypt and he was received by President Mubarak, who confirmed Egypt's stance in support of Yemen, its security, stability and unity.
In the meeting, the two presidents discussed aspects of bilateral relations between the two countries, as well as the Yemeni and Egyptian peoples including ways to enhance and develop them. They, also, discussed on issues and developments on the Arab and regional arenas, which concern the two countries as well as the Arab nation, salient of which are the results of the 22nd Arab Summit held in the Libyan city of Sirte and the efforts made to push the march of joint Arab action and develop its mechanisms.
Egyptian-Yemeni relations during the era of the late President Mohamed Anwar Sadat
Sadat used to visit Yemen after the revolution of September 26, 1962. He was in charge of the Yemen file before Abdel Nasser. Sadat was baffled among the divisions of the Republicans in Sana'a, i.e., the two wings of Al-Sallal and his dominant movement on the one hand, and the movement of Al-Qadi Al-Eryani, Al-Nu`man and Hassan Al-Omari on the other.
Sadat had intermarriage relations with Yemen, since Dr. Abdul Rahman Al-Baidani, Vice President of the Revolutionary Command, Vice President of the Republic, and former Prime Minister of Yemen is married to Jihan Sadat's sister.
Yemen played a great role in the October 1973 war against the Israeli occupation, as Yemen closed cross the Bab el-Mandab Strait in face of Israel. Lieutenant General Fouad Zekry moved three Egyptian naval vessels to the Bab el-Mandab Strait, in complete secrecy, at points that allow them to radically monitor and inspect the movement of all vessels crossing the Red Sea, and not a single Israeli military ship dared to cross the Bab el-Mandab Strait throughout the siege.
This is an undeniable role for Yemen, without it, Egypt would not have been able to close the Strait of Bab el-Mandab and prevent the passage of any warships during the war.
The Yemeni first lieutenant pilot, Omar Ghaylan Al-Sharjabi had an extraordinary heroic achievement, as he volunteered during the October 1973 war to serve in the Syrian Arab Air Force, where he attacked one of the Israeli Phantoms smashing it down and stroked Israeli supply sites, which were completely destroyed in Tiberias, south of Mount Hermon.
Egyptian-Yemeni relations during the era of the late President Gamal Abdel Nasser:
President Abdel Nasser supported the Yemeni revolution militarily with Egyptian armed forces in a major operation called Al-Kodi (Operation 9000). Egypt, also, undertook the task of introducing modernization to Yemen by establishing a state body for the first time in Yemen’s history, in addition to establishing hospitals, schools, roads, ports and airports in order to take Yemen to the twentieth century. These developments triggered the revolution in Aden and South Yemen, which Egypt completely supported in an operation code-named Salah al-Din.
Not only did Abdel Nasser succeed in obtaining recognition by the United States of the government of the revolution in Yemen on December 19, 1962 in exchange of the withdrawal of all forces supporting the revolution and the Imam from Yemen, but also the commitment of US government to provide aid to the new government in Yemen.
The presence of the Egyptian army in Yemen to support the rebels led to the emergence of a dangerous situation in which Egypt controls the transportation route in the Red Sea from the north through the Suez Canal, and from the south through the Bab el-Mandab strait.
When President Gamal Abdel Nasser arrived in Yemen on April 23, 1964, the whole city of Sana’a; especially the Egyptian leadership building on the northern side, turned into a qibla to which all Yemeni tribes went to see Abdel Nasser. And when Abdel Nasser flew to Taiz in the south, he received a wonderful reception from the tribes of the Yemeni South and the tribes of South Yemen. History will always tell the results of this visit and its great impact on the stability of the Yemeni revolution internally and internationally. However, England informed the United Nations that President Jamal’s speeches in Yemen caused the inability to reach a solution concerning the issues of southern Yemen.
Despite all the conspiracies against the Yemeni revolution and despite the disaster of June 1967, the Republic of Yemen was established and the Yemeni people got rid of the rule of the Imamate, and the winds of change blew over the Arab Gulf region, so all Gulf emirates became independent and the colonial presence in the region came to an end.
The state of South Yemen came into existence as an independent state. Later, North and South Yemen were united into one state, and then with the Arab control of Bab el-Mandab, Nasser’s dream was fulfilled, as the Red Sea became a truly Arab sea.
And because of the Egyptian army’s presence in Yemen near the sources of oil, oil companies changed their methods of dealing with oil governments, giving them a greater share of their stolen wealth.
Yemen was a vital focal point in the Egyptian and Arab national security by virtue of its strategic location in the south of the Red Sea overlooking Sudan, the Horn of Africa and Bab el-Mandab. Therefore, the revolution in Egypt realized soon that any political change in Yemen could impact the national liberation movement in the entire Arab world.
Egypt's support to the Yemeni revolution did not start on the night of September 26, 1962, and it was not just a reaction to the secession or an expression of a desire to restore balance in favor of the national mainstream, but Yemen was always in the minds of the July revolutionaries since the beginning of the revolution.
In brief, Egypt stood by the revolution in Yemen for the right of peoples to determine their destiny, and it is one of the battles of the continuous conflict, which will never end between the Arab national movement and the world powers. If it were not for Egypt's positions towards the revolution and its assistance to all liberation movements, Egypt would have neither been the elder sister nor the symbol of pride and liberation, for Egypt's position on the international, Arab and African levels is marked by the blood of its martyrs in Palestine, Algeria, Yemen and Sinai. It is worth mentioning that Egypt's Arab role was not created by Gamal Abdel Nasser from scratch. However, the Arab role of Egypt is known and attested very much before, and whoever denies that role does not realize Egypt’s position and the role that is destined for it as Egypt.
Egypt and Yemen enjoy strong relations at all levels, especially the commercial and economic field, trade exchange between the two countries is of great interest, which led to an increase in trade relations between the two countries, and Egypt is considered one of the most important markets for the destination of Yemeni exports, as it ranks second after Saudi Arabia.
The value of trade exchange between Egypt and Yemen in the first 8 months of 2021 recorded about 267.268 million, including Egyptian exports with 235.374 million and imports with 31.894 million dollars, followed by Syria after that, and the volume of trade exchange between the two countries in that previous period recorded about 261.715 million, including Egyptian imports worth 45.537 million and exports worth 216.178 million.
The most important Egyptian exports to Yemen: clothes, electrical appliances, foodstuffs, perfumes, medicines, preparations, pharmacy items, refined beet sugar and hot drawn iron plates in sugar candy rolls.
The most important Yemeni imports to Egypt: some agricultural commodities such as wheat and corn, in addition to fertilizers, coffee and tea .
The economic relations between Egypt and Yemen were not limited to trade exchange only with exports and imports between the two countries, but also included another aspect that is no less important than trade exchange, which is the aspect of Yemeni investments in Egypt, where a number of official statements issued by the Ministry of Investment indicated that the volume of Yemeni investments in Egypt reaches approximately 71 million pounds .
Many Yemenis have turned to investing in the Egyptian real estate market, as it is one of the most prominent investment incubators in Egypt, and Yemeni investments in Egypt during the past 4 years (105-2019) have witnessed significant growth, and included many sectors, including food industries, beverages, plastic industries, and the real estate sector, and recently extended to investment in the petroleum and rig sectors.
On 8/3/2022, the Tenth of Ramadan Sabah Investors Association received the Ambassador of the Republic of Yemen in Cairo, Muhammad Ali Maram, Mr. Muhammad Al-Mujahid, Chairman of the Egyptian Yemeni Business Council, and Anwar Ahmed, Trade Attaché at the Yemeni Embassy, accompanied by more than 20 Yemeni investors, to discuss ways of cooperation and trade exchange between Egyptian investors and the Yemeni side in the sectors of foodstuffs, ceramics, sanitary and electrical ware, papers, building materials and ready-made clothes, and the Yemeni side proposed the establishment of an Egyptian-Yemeni company as an Egyptian-Yemeni shipping line to facilitate the exchange process. Trade and navigation between the two countries.
On 24/1/2022, Eng. Essam Al-Najjar, Chairman of the Board of Directors of GOEIC, received a delegation from the Yemeni Business Council headed by the Chairman of the Council, Muhammad Al-Mujahid, during the meeting, some proposals were discussed that would expand trade exchange between the two countries, and the possibility of future cooperation in the field of inspection of industries within the competences of GOEIC, and the two sides agreed to study some proposals for holding some events that can be held in partnership and cooperation between GOEIC and the Yemeni Business Council in In order to serve the two brotherly countries and expand the strengthening of bilateral cooperation relations between the two countries.
On 15/12/2021, the Suez Canal Economic Zone received a high-level delegation from the Yemeni Business Council, at the Authority's headquarters in Ain Sokhna, in order to actually identify investment opportunities in the region and its projects within the framework of the national projects implemented by the Egyptian state, as well as the development witnessed by the ports and zones of the economic zone, and to discuss areas of cooperation and enhance trade and economic exchange between the two countries The Vice President of the Region also gave a presentation on the infrastructure works carried out during the past five years. For his part, the delegation of the Yemeni Business Council expressed its happiness with this fruitful meeting, demanding the need for permanent communication with the economic zone, and its desire to cooperate with the authority, and after the meeting, the delegation inspected tour inside the industrial developer Suez Industrial Development Company SIDC to learn about the most prominent projects already existing and the companies operating within the developer.
On 2/12/2021, Dr. Muhammad Ali Maram, Ambassador of Yemen to Egypt, and several businessmen, headed by Dr. Hamid Al-Rajawi, held a meeting with Major General Abdul Majeed Saqr, Governor of Suez, to open new horizons for Yemeni investors in Egypt and provide them with facilities.
On 12/10/2021, Dr. Rania Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, received Dr. Wa'ed Batheeb, Yemeni Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, the meeting came in light of the Egyptian government's endeavor to strengthen joint economic relations with brothers in the Arab region, and in continuation of the talks held with the Egyptian and Yemeni governments headed by the prime ministers of the two countries, and Al-Mashat affirmed Egypt's readiness to provide any possible support to the Yemeni government, especially in the field of qualifying and preparing Yemeni cadres in various fields, based on the bonds of brotherhood and the historical relationship between the two countries, and keenness For his part, Dr. Wa'ed Badib expressed his happiness with the visit of the Yemeni Prime Minister to Cairo, and his presence within the ministerial delegation accompanying him, in order to allow further discussions on joint files between the two countries, looking forward to establishing meaningful partnerships that push the hopes and ambitions of the Yemeni government to promote development, and expressing his aspiration to benefit from Egyptian expertise and experiences in the field of development cooperation and relations with development partners.
On 12/5/2021, the President of the Yemeni Business Council in Egypt, Muhammad Al-Mujahid, referred to the increase in the volume of economic exchange between Yemen and Egypt, as the number of Yemenis in Egypt exceeds more than one and a half million people, and explained that the Council has during the coming period a lot of tasks and steps that must be taken to encourage trade exchange and give some Yemeni products an opportunity to be present in the Egyptian market, especially the materials and goods needed by the Yemeni community and not present in the Egyptian markets, appreciating the efforts of Dr. Muhammad Ali Maram, Ambassador of the Republic of Yemen to Egypt and his encouragement to the Council in implementing its plans and programs, explained that one of the plans and programs of the Council is to give Yemeni investors and businessmen wider opportunities to conclude trade deals with their counterparts in Egypt through which Egyptian products are supplied to the Yemeni market, especially in the field of food, medicines, electrical industries and clothing, which would increase the volume of trade exchange between the two countries and reflect the wise political will of the two countries to develop and strengthen bilateral relations .
On 22/3/2021, the Board of Directors of the Chamber of Commerce in Giza, headed by Mohamed Imbaby, held an extensive meeting with Mohamed Maram, Ambassador of Yemen in Cairo, to discuss increasing trade cooperation between the Chamber and businessmen from the sisterly State of YemenFor his part, the Ambassador of Yemen in Cairo, Muhammad Maram, praised the level of cooperation and trade exchange between Yemen and Egypt during the last period, noting the role entrusted to the Yemeni Business Council currently being established in Egypt in strengthening and developing these relations to serve the common interests between the two countries and achieve the benefit of its affiliates. In light of the great facilities granted to Yemenis, Ambassador Maram noted the great care enjoyed by the people of Yemen in Egypt by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi and the facilities provided by the Egyptian government to them and explain the areas of investment available to them in order to achieve their economic goals and in line with the country's economic and investment vision.
On 12/1/2015, Dr. Samira Obaid, Yemeni Minister of Social Affairs and Labor, received Dr. Youssef Al-Sharqawi, the Egyptian Ambassador to Yemen, and discussed during the meeting, ways to activate the agreements and protocols signed between the two countries, which prevented the events witnessed by the two countries during the past four years from starting their implementation, the Egyptian Ambassador to Yemen discussed with Eng. Abdul Malik Al-Arashi, Chairman of the Supreme Authority for Tenders and Auctions, cooperation between the two countries in the field of tender control and the development of public procurement systems, and reviewed Al-Sharqawi and Al-Arsh are the experiences of the two countries in the field of reviewing and approving public tenders and the accompanying control procedures in various technical aspects, as well as the regulations followed in this aspect. They agreed to develop a bilateral cooperation agreement to enhance the exchange of experiences, training and qualification of workers in tenders and auctions, in a way that contributes to benefiting from the Egyptian experience and the methods used to dry up the sources of corruption and enhance transparency in tender work.
On 14/10/2009, the Egyptian Minister of Trade and Industry, Eng. Rashid Mohamed Rashid, stressed the depth of Egyptian-Yemeni relations, and the common aspiration to achieve more economic cooperation during the next stage, and the Egyptian Minister described during his meeting with the Ambassador of Yemen in Cairo, Dr. Abdul Wali Al-Shamiri, the economic relations with Yemen as distinguished, for his part, the Ambassador of Yemen in Cairo expected that the coming period will witness an increase in the volume of joint projects between the two countries. Pointing to the unprecedented enthusiasm he felt on the part of businessmen in Yemen and Egypt to work in the two countries, he explained that Yemen is looking forward to benefiting from Egypt's experiences and expertise in all fields, especially the economic and commercial fields, and said that the Yemeni government is ready to provide all facilities for Egyptian and Yemeni investors to establish joint projects and benefit from the advantages and facilities provided by the laws in force for investments .
Agreement on Security Cooperation between the Republic of Yemen and the Arab Republic of Egypt 31/3/1996
The Government of the Republic of Yemen and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt
Aware of the relations of brotherhood and friendship between the two brotherly countries and a desire to develop these relations on solid foundations ;
Keen to strengthen and develop relations of coordination and cooperation in the field of security in order to consolidate the foundations of stability and peace in the two brotherly countries ;
Pursuant to the Charter of the League of Arab States, which calls for closer ties between Arab States and in compliance with the provisions of the agreements signed in this context ;
Taking into account their commitment to the relevant international, Arab and national legal treaties and documents in force and their assumption of the application, implementation and respect they deserve ;
Desiring to conclude an agreement on security cooperation between the two countries
Have agreed on the following :
Article (1) (a) The Parties shall take effective and resolute measures to prevent terrorist and hostile acts and organized crimes in all their forms by preventing their territories from being used as a stage for planning, organizing or carrying out such acts and crimes, including by preventing the infiltration of terrorist, hostile or criminal elements, their residence within the territory of the State Party, individually or in groups, their obtaining material or moral support or receiving physical or military training.
(b) Strengthening cooperation between the two countries and providing mutual assistance in the search for fugitive persons accused or sentenced to judicial penalties .
Article (2) (a) Exchange of information and data in various fields of security, especially the activities and crimes of terrorist or hostile groups and organizations, organized crimes, crimes of illicit trafficking and use of psychotropic drugs and their perpetrators .
(b) Exchange of information and data on various hostile activities and acts that disrupt the security and stability of either country .
c) Exchange of information and data to ensure the confrontation of various crimes, especially crimes of public morals, smuggling of money, archaeological and artistic artifacts, and circulation or promotion of counterfeit or forged papers, documents, and passports.
d exchange information on travel systems, documents and border control procedures in the two countries and cooperation in the areas of combating illegal transit or migration.
Provide facilities in the field of entry and exit procedures for the citizens of the two countries through their land, sea and air ports within the limits of the national laws and procedures of each party .
Article (3) (a) Enhancing cooperation between the security and police agencies with similar competence in the two countries, exchanging experiences, research, scientific and police means, seeking the help of experts, exchanging the dispatch of security and police commanders and officers, holding seminars and giving lectures in police institutes and academies in the two countries .
Developing cooperation and coordination processes between the specialized police agencies in the two countries, especially those concerned with traffic regulation, civil defense, civil status and criminal investigation, with the aim of raising their efficiency and developing the scientific and practical capabilities of their employees .
c) Regular exchange of publications, pamphlets and books of a scientific, technical and legal nature in various security and police fields .
Article (4) (a) Cooperation in the field of training, rehabilitation and preparation of various security and police cadres and work to develop this cooperation between the educational and training institutions of the police in the two countries.
Allocating seats for Yemeni police officers in institutes affiliated to the Ministry of Interior in the Arab Republic of Egypt and providing assistance on its part in the medical and sports rehabilitation fields in accordance with the procedures regulating this.
c) Exchange of experiences between the Egyptian Police Sports Federation and the Yemeni Police Sports Federation and the establishment of joint meetings between the two federations in various sports fields .
Article (5) The two parties shall ensure the confidentiality of information and security data received by each other and both shall undertake not to view or place the documents and information exchanged or technical devices provided at the disposal of another party except with the prior consent of the concerned party.
Article (6) Representatives of the two parties shall meet once a year alternately in the two countries or whenever necessary to coordinate work and discuss special problems in the fields of police and security .
Article (7) In implementation of this Agreement, communications between the Parties shall be carried out through direct communications between the competent security or police agencies or through diplomatic channels.
Article (8) This agreement shall be implemented in accordance with the national laws and procedures of each party and the Arab and international treaties in force to which the two parties have acceded.
Article (9) This Agreement shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification by both countries, and either Party may terminate the provisions or amendments by prior written notice
On 12/7/2015, Eng. Ibrahim Mahlab, Prime Minister, and Eng. Khaled Bahah, Vice President and Prime Minister of the Republic of Yemen, witnessed the signing ceremony of a number of charters that support the areas of joint work between the two countries in many fields, at the conclusion of the eighth session of the Egyptian-Yemeni Joint Higher Committee:
A protocol for cooperation in the field of security, between the ministries of interior in the two countries, to coordinate efforts with regard to combating terrorism and drying up its sources to preserve the security of countries and citizens .
A number of charters that include draft executive programs for cooperation between Egypt and Yemen for the years 2015/2017, in the educational field, the fields of media, higher education, youth and vanguards
Continuing the implementation of the health and pharmaceutical protocol signed between the two countries for the years 2005-2007, and activating the items contained therein, in accordance with the rules followed by the Egyptian Ministry of Health, with the importance of full coordination between the Ministry and the Yemeni Embassy in Cairo in this regard .
On 11/4/2017, a memorandum of understanding to strengthen cooperation ties in various scientific, educational, cultural, research, training programs and exchange of experiences was documented.
Continuing the implementation of the health and pharmaceutical protocol signed between the two countries for the years 2005-2007, and activating the items contained therein, in accordance with the rules followed by the Egyptian Ministry of Health, with the importance of full coordination between the Ministry and the Yemeni Embassy in Cairo in this regard .
On 11/4/2017, a memorandum of understanding to strengthen cooperation ties in various scientific, educational, cultural, research, training programs and exchange of experiences was documented.
Cultural and educational relations
Cultural and educational relations are an essential pillar of relations between the two countries in general, and educational cooperation between Egypt and Yemen has witnessed increasing growth in recent years, and there are more than 1,300 students from Yemen studying in various disciplines in Egyptian universities, and under the educational cooperation agreement between the two countries, Yemen offers 20 tuition-free university scholarships annually for Egyptian students, while Egypt offers 40 university scholarships in addition to 25 scholarships in the field of graduate studies exempt from Fees, exchange of experiences and organization of training courses for employees of higher education institutions as well .
During the past years, a number of Egyptian and Yemeni universities signed cooperation agreements, including the cultural and scientific cooperation agreement between the universities of Minya and Sana'a, another agreement between the universities of "Ibb" and the Suez Canal to enhance cooperation between them, especially in the field of dentistry, and the scientific and cultural cooperation agreement between the universities of Taiz and the Suez Canal to develop cooperation between them and provide scholarships to Taiz University, in addition to the executive program for cultural cooperation between Yemen and Egypt for organizing cultural relations between the two countries .
- On 27/11/2022, Dr. Khaled Al-Wasabi, Yemeni Minister of Higher Education, Scientific Research, Technical Education and Vocational Training, and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt, received by Dr. Ayman Ashour, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, the two sides discussed mechanisms to enhance joint scientific and research cooperation between the two countries, as well as exchanging visions and ideas on common issues, and overcoming obstacles facing Yemeni students in Egypt.
On 7/10/2022, the joint cultural conference between Yemen and Egypt was inaugurated at the headquarters of the Yemeni Embassy in Cairo under the slogan (New Visions for Arab Texts).
On 28/6/2022, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, held a meeting with Dr. Khaled Al-Wasabi, Yemeni Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, via video conference technology, at the beginning of the meeting, "Abdel Ghaffar" stressed the strength of the historical relations between Egypt and Yemen, which extend for many years, pointing to Egypt's permanent welcome to provide support and assistance to the Yemeni brothers in all fields, and Al-Wasabi expressed his appreciation and admiration for the size of the achievements made by the Egyptian higher education system, and what institutions have witnessed. The Egyptian educational progress during the past period, pointing to his country's keenness to benefit from the Egyptian experience in supporting Yemeni educational institutions, stressing that Egypt is always the preferred destination for education for top students and outstanding Yemenis, and the two sides discussed ways to enhance joint scientific and research cooperation between the two countries.
On 9/9/2021, the Yemeni Minister of Information, Muammar Al-Eryani, discussed in a meeting with Dr. Enas Abdel Dayem, Minister of Prospects for Cultural Cooperation between Egypt and Yemen, and the Yemeni Minister of Information said: "We reviewed the reality of Yemeni cultural institutions and the systematic destruction they were subjected to at the hands of the Houthi militia, which worked to bulldoze the Yemeni cultural identity in an attempt to replace cultural values inspired by the extremist Iranian ideology aimed at destabilizing the security and stability of our Arab region and targeting its inclusive cultural identity, and the ministry's interest in cultural and artistic events. It comes within the framework of its efforts to preserve the Yemeni artistic identity within the framework of the Arab identity and against the attempts of the mutant that it is subjected to by the Houthi militias that fight the authentic Yemeni art and try to replace it with a culture of slapping and crying .
On 15/7/2018, Dr. Tariq Shawky, Minister of Education and Technical Education, agreed to renew the decision to treat Yemeni students the same as Egyptian students for the academic year 2018/2019, the decision came in appreciation of the events suffered by the brotherly Yemeni people and the ministry's keenness to play its role towards the Arab brothers.
On 22/1/2023, Dr. Tamer Essam, Chairman of the Egyptian Drug Authority, received a high-level delegation from the Yemeni Ministry of Public Health and Population, and the Supreme Authority for Drugs in Yemen, and the Yemeni delegation was headed by Dr. Qassem Buhaibah, Minister of Public Health and Population and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Supreme Authority for Drugs and Medical Appliances in the Republic of Yemen, Dr. Abdul Qader Al-Bakri, Executive Director General of the Supreme Authority for Drugs and Medical Appliances in the Republic of Yemen, and a number of leaders of the Egyptian Drug Authority.
On 12/8/2021, Dr. Hala Zayed, Minister of Health and Population, received the Minister of Health of the Republic of Yemen, Dr. Qassem Buhaibah, at the Ministry's General Office, to discuss ways to enhance cooperation between the two countries in the health sector, the meeting discussed ways to transfer the experiences of the Egyptian state to improve the health system in Yemen, as part of the efforts aimed at the brotherly country towards rebuilding the health system. Health and exchange of experiences in health programs and projects that are implemented in Egypt.
On 22/1/2023, the meeting of the 51st Ordinary Session of the Executive Bureau of the Council of Arab Ministers of Communications and Information was held under the chairmanship of the Minister of Communications and Information Technology Amr Talaat, organized by the Technical Secretariat of the League of Arab States under the chairmanship of the Director of the Communications and Information Technology Development Department Khaled Wali, and in the presence of representatives of the Member States of the Executive Office, which includes 8 countries: Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania and Yemen, in Cairo. The meeting also discussed the Egyptian paper on the path of contributing to the drafting of the Global Digital Charter with the aim of circulating it to Arab countries and relevant Arab and UN organizations to express their vision and invite Arab countries to start preparing for the path with their permanent missions to the United Nations, and it was also emphasized to invite Arab countries or relevant organizations to organize the fifth session of the Regional Forum for Arabic Digital Content during 2023.
Electricity & Energy
On 22/1/2021, the Yemeni Minister of Electricity and Energy, Dr. Anwar Muhammad Kalshat, expressed, during his meeting with Ambassador Ahmed Farouk, Egypt's non-resident ambassador to the Republic of Yemen, the aspiration to benefit from Egypt's pioneering experience in the field of electricity, through which it succeeded in achieving a surplus in the field of electric power generation, and during the meeting, they discussed areas of cooperation between the two countries in the field of electricity, and they also reviewed the training courses provided by Egypt to Yemeni cadres in the field of electricity, which amounted to seven courses. Training benefited 167 Yemeni trainees.
Training and qualification
On 21/10/2021, Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning and Economic Development, received Wa'ed Batheeb, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation in Yemen, to discuss ways of cooperation in the fields of development and rehabilitation of Yemeni cadres in a number of sectors, and Hala Al-Saeed stressed the depth of Egyptian-Yemeni relations, and that the two countries have strong strategic relations, referring to the current visit of the Yemeni Prime Minister and his accompanying delegation to Egypt to discuss bilateral cooperation relations between the two countries, and stressed readiness to provide all aspects of support to brotherly Yemen, for his part, Wa'ed Badheeb pointed to Yemen's need for cooperation in the fields of qualifying cadres and transferring successful Egyptian expertise and experiences, especially in the field of development, stressing the importance of continuing cooperation in various fields in the coming period, through the Yemeni-Egyptian Joint Ministerial Committee, stressing the depth of joint relations between the two brotherly countries in various aspects .
In July 2020, under the directives of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, General Mohamed Zaki, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and Minister of Defense and Military Production, issued orders to the specialized departments to prepare and equip an aid shipment of medical supplies and disinfectants, in order to stand by the Yemeni people in confronting the spread of the Corona virus and other epidemics spread in Yemen, as the aid was transported via a military transport plane to be delivered to the legitimate Yemeni government through the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center in Riyadh.
In April 2018, the first shipment of Egyptian humanitarian aid destined for the Yemeni people was delivered, which was sent in two shipments of 10 tons of medicines, serums, and medical supplies.
In August 2015, Egypt sent a plane loaded with medical supplies and foodstuffs as a gift from the people of Egypt to the Yemeni people, as well as sending a few Egyptian doctors to Yemen to contribute to providing the necessary health care to our brothers in Yemen.
In Egypt, he appreciated the role of the Yemeni Embassy in providing all means of support for the establishment of the Council and facilitating its work.