27 January 2023 11:17 PM

Economic Relations

Monday، 09 November 2015 12:00 AM

The number of Greek investment projects in Egypt has reached 104 projects, with issued capital of LE 1.6148 billion, and a Greek share of LE 1.2669 billion. Greek investment projects are mainly concentrated in a number of productive and service sectors, which include: the chemical industry - textile industry - building materials - food industry - business services and consultancy projects - transport and public services.

Egyptian investments in Greece are concentrated in the telecommunications sector. In February 2007, the Egyptian network operator Orascom Telecom purchased the Greek mobile phone operator TIM HELLAS in a deal worth 3.4 billion euro. It changed the company name to WIND.

In December 2007, Orascom, which owned 51% of the shares of the Greek company Tellas Telecom (one of the leading fixed-line phone and Internet operators in Greece), purchased all shares of the Greek company.
The volume of trade between the two countries during the first half of 2009 climbed to 261.3 million Euros compared to 216 million Euros during the same period of 2008, which represents an increase of 21%. The value of Egyptian exports has reached 161 million Euros, an increase of 1,25% compared to the same period of 2008. While the value of imports from Greece has amounted to 100,3 million Euros. In light of those figures, there is a trade surplus of 60.7 million Euros in favor of Egypt in the first half of 2009.

Prospects of enhancing economic cooperation:

The current level of trade and investment between the two countries indicate that economic relations, in general, could be upgraded to a new level that is consistent with the common interests and aspirations of the two countries. Moreover taking into account the prospects of benefitting from their membership in a number of regional economic groupings are great, as Egypt is a member of COMESA and the Agadir Convention, while Greece is a member of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and The South East European Cooperation Process. In economic terms, this has the potential of making Egypt a gateway for Greece to Africa and the Arab world, while making Greece a gateway for Egypt to South-Eastern Europe.

Moreover, both countries can maximize their cooperation in the framework of Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, especially after the entry into force of the Association Agreement between Egypt and the European Union in June 2004.

Contractual Framework

The EU-Egypt Association Agreement regulates commercial relations between Egypt and Greece. Other main treaties and agreements are as follows:

  • Agreement on Shipping and Maritime Transportation (1981)
  • Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation (1986)
  • Agreement for cooperation in the field of Social Insurance (1986)
  • Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of investments (1993)
  • Agreement on the establishment of the Egyptian-Greek Business Council (2002)
  • Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (2004)
  • Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (2004)
  • Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation between Diplomatic Academies (2004)
  • Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of tourism (2005)
  • Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of maritime transport (2005)
  • Memorandum of Understanding on mutual granting of citizenship to citizens of both countries (2005)
  • Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of new and renewable energy (2006).

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