The Egyptian-Yemeni relations are of distinction and privacy. Since the Pharaonic era, Egyptians have been keen to establish strong political relations. The ancient Egyptians were aware of Yemen's unique position on the Red Sea and its control of ancient trade routes. King Thutmose III was keen to send and receive gifts from the merchants. The Yemeni merchants used to provide Ancient Egyptian Temples with incense.
In the modern era, Mohamed Ali Pasha was keen to extend the Egyptian state's influence to Yemen, to strengthen trade relations and exchange of goods between the two countries and to impose Egyptian state control over trade routes in the Red Sea and to establish a strong Egyptian fleet controlling the Red Sea.
In the 1960s, relations were strengthened after Egypt supported the Yemeni revolution with blood and arms during the reign of President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Egyptian forces participated in supporting the Yemeni revolution in eliminating the British colonization in the south and the regime of the Imam.
The year 2004 marked the beginning of a new phase in the relations between the two countries after the visit of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh to Cairo and the settlement of some outstanding issues, including terrorism and the eradication of extremist elements.
After the Yemeni Revolution in February 2011, the Egyptian position was always based on supporting Yemen's territorial integrity and welcoming all UN and Security Council resolutions on Yemen, as well as supporting a peaceful settlement and national dialogue to reach a consensual solution
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry affirmed Cairo's support for the legitimate state, believing that the future of Yemen should be determined by consensus among the various political parties. It also stressed the importance of the commitment of all Yemeni political parties to continue the political dialogue under the auspices of the UN on the basis of the Gulf initiative as the only way to resolve the current crises of the country. This was reflected in the reception of President al-Sisi to the Vice President of the Republic of Yemen and Prime Minister Khalid Bahah in July 2015, as well as the Prime Minister meeting with Baha during his last visit to Cairo in June 2015.
Cairo decided on February 23, 2015 to close its embassy in the capital Sana'a after the armed groups got the control over the country and in accordance with the Gulf and international stands to close the embassies in the capital Sana'a. The Foreign Ministry stressed the support for the legitimate institutions and symbols of the state and stressed the commitment of all parties to peaceful means and dialogue .Egypt announced the opening of its embassy in Aden as a continuation of the political support for the legitimate authority in Yemen after President Mansour Hadi, took over the city .
In addition, Egypt stood firmly against Iranian intervention in Yemen and its support for the Badr al-Din al-Houthi group. Egypt announced its cessation against the Shiite tide in the region and left the freedom of of choice to the Yemeni people .
In a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Egypt welcomed the declaration of a comprehensive cease-fire in Yemen, announced by the Arab Coalition to Support Legitimacy in Yemen, led by Saudi Arabia, as of April 9, 2020 and for two weeks to be extended, in order to face the consequences of the outbreak of the new Coronavirus.
Egypt valued that important initiative and expressed its hope that it will contribute to creating the favorable circumstances for the implementation of the call of UN secretary-general's special envoy to Yemen for holding a meeting between the legitimate government and the Houthis. The meeting is important to discuss the steps and mechanisms for the implementation of the permanent ceasefire in Yemen and to resume the political process in order to reach a comprehensive political solution to the Yemeni crisis, in accordance with the political settlement references, particularly the Gulf Cooperation Council initiative and its executive mechanisms, the outcomes of the comprehensive national dialogue and security council resolution no. 2216.
The statement stressed Egypt's support for the initiative in order to achieve peace, security, and stability in Yemen, ensure its unity and territorial integrity, and eliminate the suffering of the brotherly Yemeni people.
Last updated April 15, 2020